||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (December 2012)|
|Role||15 metre-class sailplane|
|First flight||ca. 1976|
Development and Design
The LS3 was developed as Rolladen-Schneider's first entry to the new 15 meter competition class created in 1974 by the International Gliding Commission of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. Building upon previous experience with the LS1 and LS2, chief designer Wolf Lemke developed a new fuselage with a larger cockpit and more generous horizontal and vertical stabilisers.
Lemke elected a relatively thick profile developed in 1967 by University of Stuttgart Professor Franz Xavier Wortmann, the FX 67-K-170, which offered the structural economy made possible by a tall spar - an important consideration as glass fibre was still the only affordable reinforcement material - as well as good performance for the time.
This profile and its sister profile FX 67-K-150 are among the most prolific in the history of gliding, as they were employed also in the Nimbus-2, Mini-Nimbus, DG-200 and DG-400, PIK-20 and PIK-30, Kestrel, Mosquito, Vega, Jantar and LAK-12 among other types.
Unusually for Rolladen-Schneider, the LS3 wings are single-tapered, entailing a slight aerodynamic loss. On the other hand, this geometry went along well with a straight axis for the full-span flaperons which gave the LS3 good handling and roll rate characteristics. The control system was rigged to reduce the available control stick throw with negative flap settings, therefore giving a measure of in-built protection against overstressing at high speeds.
The flaperon drives are located at the wing roots, an elegant solution that required a large amount of lead for mass balancing the control surfaces to preclude any risk of flutter. Due to this the LS3 wings are heavy, about 85 kg each semi-span (thus the nickname LS-Blei, a pun exploiting the phonetic similarity in the German language between 'three' and 'lead').
In spite of its weight the LS3 is a nimble climber. It is also less sensitive to rain or dirt than other types with the same profile. Its thicker wing takes its toll at higher speeds, where it could not keep up with the contemporary ASW 20, the best 15 metre glider of its generation.
A variant with separate flaps and ailerons and a slightly taller tail, the LS3a, was introduced in 1978. This version did away with the flaperon mass balancing, making each wing about 10 kg lighter. A span extension to 17 metres was later developed for this version. Although not very successful due to speed and ballasting limitations, these extensions pioneered a trend that has become extremely popular. Today most new standard and 15-meter class gliders offer tip extensions as an option.
The LS3 was superseded in 1983 by the LS6. Its production run reached 429 exemplars of which two-thirds are of the -a version. It remains a popular glider in the second-hand market although it is seldom found in club fleets, possibly due to the added complexity of flaps and undercarriage.
- Wings, flaperons and horizontal stabiliser: spar and shell of glass fibre reinforced plastic/foam sandwich
- Elevator and fuselage: glass fibre reinforced plastic
- Automatic connections for flaperons, airbrakes, elevator and water ballast valves (except the ailerons in the LS3-a)
- Water ballast system: unvented ballast bags in the wings
- LS3 - original production version (155 built)
- LS3-a - improved version with separate flaps and ailerons and a slightly taller tail (208 built)
- LS3-17 - version with tip extensions for 17 metre span; no ballast provision (66 built)
- Crew: One pilot
- Capacity: 150 kg (330 lb) water ballast
- Length: 6.86 m (22 ft 6 in)
- Wingspan: 15.00 m (49 ft 3 in)
- Height: 1.32 m (4 ft 4 in)
- Wing area: 10.5 m2 (113 ft2)
- Empty weight: ca. 243 kg (535 lb)
- Gross weight: 472 kg (1,038 lb)
- Maximum speed: 270 km/h (170 mph)
- Maximum glide ratio: ca. 40.7
- Rate of sink: 0.62 m/s (122 ft/min)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to LS3.|
- LS-Flugzeugbau website
- Thomas F, Fundamentals of Sailplane Design, College Park Press, 1999
- Simons M, Segelflugzeuge 1965-2000, Eqip, 2004
- Brütting G, Die berühmtesten Segelflugzeuge, Motorbuch Verlag
- Sailplane Directory
- Johnson D, An FTE of the LS3, Soaring