Rolling Hills Estates, California
|Rolling Hills Estates, California|
|City of Rolling Hills Estates|
Promenade on the Peninsula mall, Rolling Hills Estates
Location of Rolling Hills Estates in Los Angeles County, California
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||September 18, 1957|
|• Mayor||Frank Zerunyan|
|• Total||3.613 sq mi (9.359 km2)|
|• Land||3.569 sq mi (9.244 km2)|
|• Water||0.044 sq mi (0.115 km2) 1.22%|
|Elevation||469 ft (143 m)|
|• Density||2,200/sq mi (860/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP Code||90274, 90275|
|GNIS feature IDs||1661326, 2410987|
On the northern side of the Palos Verdes Peninsula, facing Torrance, Rolling Hills Estates is mostly residential. Incorporated in 1957, Rolling Hills Estates tries to maintain a fairly bucolic character with a large number of horse paths. The history of Rolling Hills Estates actually dates back to the establishment of the first Spanish rancho land grant in California.
The incorporation of other areas, especially between the years of 1959 and 1982, into the city lines of Rolling Hills Estates began in the city’s early years. At the time, such expansion seemed to threaten the atmosphere its citizens cherished and wanted to preserve.
Today, the city has thirty distinct neighborhoods, each with its own style and architecture. As there are individual neighborhood Homeowners' Associations as well every citizen and social organization is directly represented.
Rolling Hills Estates is located at (33.773738, -118.360788).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.359 square kilometers (3.6 sq mi), 0.115 km2 (0.04 sq mi) of it (1.22%) is water.
The 2010 US Census reported that Rolling Hills Estates had a population of 8,067. The population density was 2,232.4 people per square mile (862.0/km²). The racial makeup of Rolling Hills Estates was 5,463 (67.7%) White (63.6% Non-Hispanic White), 109 (1.4%) African American, 19 (0.2%) Native American, 2,007 (24.9%) Asian, 8 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 120 (1.5%) from other races, and 341 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 499 persons (6.2%).
The Census reported that 8,067 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 2,965 households, out of which 1,023 (34.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,100 (70.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 192 (6.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 83 (2.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 45 (1.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 23 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 512 households (17.3%) were made up of individuals and 353 (11.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72. There were 2,375 families (80.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.07.
The population was spread out with 1,890 people (23.4%) under the age of 18, 417 people (5.2%) aged 18 to 24, 1,211 people (15.0%) aged 25 to 44, 2,680 people (33.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,869 people (23.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.5 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.
There were 3,100 housing units at an average density of 857.9 per square mile (331.2/km²), of which 2,714 (91.5%) were owner-occupied, and 251 (8.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.9%. 7,302 people (90.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 765 people (9.5%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Rolling Hills Estates had a median household income of $153,986, with 2.4% of the population living below the federal poverty line. 
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,676 people, 2,806 households, and 2,334 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,139.1 inhabitants per square mile (825.5/km²). There were 2,880 housing units at an average density of 802.6 per square mile (309.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.91% White, 20.28% Asian, 1.16% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.99% from other races, and 3.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.77% of the population.
There were 2,806 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.6% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.8% were non-families. 15.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 30.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $109,010, and the median income for a family was $119,974. Males had a median income of $100,000+ versus $52,295 for females. The per capita income for the city was $51,849. About 1.1% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
|This section requires expansion. (August 2013)|
By 1992 many wealthier Korean Americans moved to the Palos Verdes Peninsula. Rolling Hills Estates was among five cities in the South Bay that had the largest increases in ethnic Koreans from 1980 to 1990. In 1990, 200 ethnic Koreans lived in Rolling Hills Estates, a 160% increase from the 1980 figure of 77 ethnic Koreans.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2010)|
The city is served by Palos Verdes Peninsula Unified School District. PVPUSD schools have constantly ranked among the best in California and the nation. The Washington Post once ranked Palos Verdes Peninsula High School as the 8th best public or private high school in the nation.
Rolling Hills Country Day School is a private school that serves grades K-8. Chadwick School, a well-known K-12 private school, is located on Academy Hill, an unincorporated neighborhood administered by the county, but is actually just blocks away from the Rolling Hills Estates city hall and serves the entire Palos Verdes Peninsula area, including Rolling Hills Estates.
The Nishiyamato Academy of California (西大和学園カリフォルニア校 Nishiyamato Gakuen Kariforunia Kō) opened in April 1992. It was originally located in the former Dapplegray School building in Rolling Hills Estates. It was founded by Ryotaro Tanose, a Japanese Diet member, as a branch of the Nishiyamato Gakuen Junior and Senior High School (Nishiyamato Academy) in Kawai, Nara Prefecture, Japan. Currently it is located in Lomita.
According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Palos Verdes Peninsula Unified School District|
|4||Rolling Hills Country Club||100|
|5||Rolling Hills Covenant Church||95|
|10||Spectrum Athletic Clubs||60|
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- Millacan, Anthony. "Presence of Koreans Reshaping the Region : Immigrants: A developing Koreatown in Gardena symbolizes changes a growing population is bringing to the area." (Archive) Los Angeles Times. February 2, 1992. Metro; PART-B; Zones Desk p. 3. p. 2 of 2. Retrieved on August 30, 2013.
- "Hours & Locations." Palos Verdes Library District. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
- Hillinger, Charles. "Students Get a Japanese Education at 2 Palos Verdes Schools." Los Angeles Times. September 29, 1994. Retrieved on March 6, 2014.
- "平日校 学園概要" (Archive) Nishiyamato Academy of California. Retrieved on March 6, 2014. "2458 Lomita Blvd., Lomita CA 90717"
- City of Rolling Hills Estates CAFR
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- "Lomita Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
- "Torrance Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- City of Rolling Hills Estates website