Rolling stock manufacturers of Russia

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Railway Engineering - Russian industries.


  • 1834 The Cherepanovs brothers, engineers of the Nizhny Tagil, built Russia's first steam locomotive.
  • 1837 The Tsarskoye Selo Railway, Russia's first public railway, was opened.
  • 1845 The Alexander factory in St. Petersburg (now Proletarian factory) built its first locomotives.
  • 1868 Kolomna factory and Kama-Votkinsk starts production.
  • 1870 Malcev plant and Nevsky plant starts production.
  • 1924 The first Russian mainline diesel locomotives entered service, the Eel2 and Shch-el 1.
  • 1926 The first electrified suburban section of the Baku-Sabunçu railway was put into service, marking the beginning of commuter train production.
  • 1932 The first electrified railway through Surami Pass was opened and the first Soviet mainline electric locomotive was put into service.
  • During the Great Patriotic War, production of diesel and electric locomotives was discontinued, only the production of steam locomotives remained.
  • After the war, some factories stopped production of steam locomotives and focussed on diesel and electric locomotives.
  • 1956 At the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, it was decided early on to mass-produce electric and diesel locomotives as a preferred type of traction. Numerous steam locomotives were mothballed as a strategic reserve.
  • 1958 saw imports of passenger electric locomotives from Czechoslovakia.
  • 1959 The first Soviet gas turbine-electric locomotive, model G1, was introduced.
  • 1974 The Soviet Union's first high-speed train ER200, was constructed. Commercial operation started in 1984 on the Moscow - Leningrad railway and was discontinued in 2009.
  • 2002 Transmashholding (Closed Joint Stock Company) was formed.

Manufacturers of locomotives and multiple units[edit]

Included Transmashholding[edit]

Name Location Founded Parent company Types
Novocherkassk Electric Locomotive Plant Novocherkassk 1932 passenger and freight mainline electric locomotives, industrial electric locomotives
  • passengers :EP1M ,EP1P, EP20
  • freights :2ES5K ,3ES5K ,2ES4K ,2ES5 ,E5K
  • industrial :NPM2 ,NP1 (tractor unit)
Kolomna Plant Kolomna 1863 passenger and freight mainline diesel locomotives, passenger mainline electric locomotives
  • passenger diesel locomoves :TEP70BS, TEP70U
  • freight diesel locomotive :2TE70
  • passenger elctric locomotive :EP2K
Bryansk Engineering Plant Bryansk 1873 freight mainline diesel locomotives, shunting diesel locomotives
  • freight :2TE25A
  • shuntings :TEM18DM ,TEM18V ,TEM-TMH
Demikhovsky Engineering Plant (DMZ) Demikhova village, Orehovo-Zuyevskii Raion, Moscow Region 1935 electric trainset ED4M, ED4M 500 series, ED9E
Metrovagonmash Mytishchi 1897 subway cars, "rail buses" (passenger railcars for commuting)


Name Location Founded Parent company Types Models of rolling stocks
Ural Locomotives Verkhnyaya Pyshma 2010 joint venture Sinara transport machines (51%)and Siemens (49%) freight electric locomotives, EMUs
Lyudinovsky Locomotive Plant Lyudinovo 1745 Sinara transport machines shunting diesel locomotives, railcars
  • shunting locomotives :TGM4B ,TGM6D ,TEM7A ,TEM9 ,TEM14
  • railcar :AS4MU
Muromteplovoz Murom 1916 shunting diesel locomotives, railcars, small lokomotives, self-propelled railroad cars
  • shunting locomotive :TGM23
  • small lokomotives :MGM-1 ,MGM-3
  • railcars :AS5 ,AGD-1A ,ARV(M)-1 ,ARV-1 ,AST-2 ,AGS-1Ch
  • self-propelled railroad car :SV-10
Kambarka Engineering Works Kambarka 1767 More than 50% of shares owned by Alexander Biryukov (General Director), 12% - in the management of the Government of Udmurtia narrow gauge diesel locomotives, shunting diesel locomotives, narrow gauge locomotives-draisines, small lokomotives, construction and repair train service railcars, locomotives for children's railways, machinery defectoscopic and ultrasonic testing of rails, mounting railcars, snowplows
  • narrow gauge locomotives :TU7A, TU8
  • shunting locomotive :TGM40
  • small lokomotive :MTK-1
  • locomotives for children's railways :TU10
Kalugaputmash Kaluga 1874 closed unit investment fund of mixed investments "Spectrum" under control of the company "TransFinGroup" (96,61%) shunting diesel locomotives, railcars service, traction machine, railway cranes, self-propelled rail welding machine, self-propelled tamping-liner-straightening machines, ballast distributors shunting locomotives :TGK2M
Kirov mashzavod of May 1 Kirov 1899 track machines, railway cranes
Istinsky Machine Works village Iste, Starozhilovsky District, Ryazan Oblast 1713 track machines
Tulazheldormash Tula 1869 track machines
Torzhok Carriage Works Torzhok 1916 diesel multiple unit DT1

Manufacturers of railway wagons[edit]

Name Location Founded Parent company Types
Tver Carriage Works Tver 1898 Transmashholding passenger one-storey and double-decker cars haul, staff cars, commuter passenger cars, dining cars, escort cars, laundry wagons, wagons for transportation of money and jewelry, cars for transportation of prisoners, wagons for hospital transport NPP wagons for transportation of spent nuclear fuel
RM Rail Saransk, Moscow (headquarters), plants in Saransk, Ruzaevka, Abakan 2013 Russian machines holding under control of the financial industrial group Basic Element tanks for petroleum and petroleum products, viscous oil, liquefied petroleum gas, chemical and special cargo hopper cars for transportation of cement, grain, fertilizer, granular sulfur, flat wagons, trucks, car carriers, rail cars, containers
Uralwagonsawod Nizhny Tagil 1936 tanks, platforms, gondolas, hoppers
Altaiwagon Novoaltaysk, Rubtsovsk, Kemerovo 1941 Siberian Business Union boxcars, vesopoverochnye cars, gondola, platforms, tanks
Kaliningrad Carriage Works Kaliningrad 1946 dump cars
Tikhvin Railway Car Building Plant Tikhvin 2011 ICT Group hopper cars, gondola with a dull body, universal gondolas, platforms

Academic and research institutions[edit]

See also[edit]