Rolls-Royce Condor

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Condor
RRCondor.JPG
Type Piston V-12
Manufacturer Rolls-Royce Limited
First run 1918
Number built 327
Developed from Rolls-Royce Eagle

The Rolls-Royce Condor aircraft piston engine was a larger version of the Rolls-Royce Eagle developing up to 675 horsepower (500 kW). The engine first ran in 1918 and a total of 327 engines were recorded as being built.[1]

Variants[edit]

Note:[2]

Condor I
(1920-1921) 600 hp, 72 built at Derby.
Condor IA
Alternative designation for Condor II.
Condor II
(1921) 650 hp, revised propeller reduction gear ratio, increased compression ratio (5.17:1). 34 built at Derby.
Condor III
(1923-1927) 650/670 hp, compression ratio 6.5:1, Re-designed connecting rods. 196 built at Derby.
Condor IIIA
(1925) 650/665 hp. Improved main bearing design and material.
Condor IIIB
(1930) 650 hp, 0.477:1 reduction gear, re-designed crankcase and crankshaft.
Condor IV
(1925) 750 hp. Direct-drive, modified engine mounting. 13 built at Derby.
Condor IVA
(1927) 750 hp. Nine built at Derby.
Condor V
(1925) As Condor IIIA with two-stage turbocharger. Run but not flown, one built at Derby.
Condor VII
Direct-drive Condor IIIA, two built at Derby.
Condor C.I.
(1932) 480 hp, compression ignition (diesel), two engines tested and flown.

Compression ignition (diesel) variant[edit]

In 1932 the Air Ministry initiated a conversion of the Condor petrol engine to the compression ignition system. The conversion was developed at the Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough, with the co-operation of Rolls-Royce Ltd. Engine layout, bore, and stroke remained the same as for the petrol version; the compression ratio increased to 12.5:1. The more robust construction required to withstand the increased stresses increased the engine weight to 1,504 lbs (682 kg). At its maximum 2,000 rpm the engine developed 500 hp (373 Kw), giving a power/weight ratio of 0.33 hp/lb.[3]

The engine passed the 50-hour civil type test for compression ignition engines, being only the second British engine to do so. The only previous engine to pass this test was the much larger Beardmore Tornado fitted to the R101 airship. The diesel Condor was experimentally flown in a Hawker Horsley to explore the practical operation of a diesel engine in flight.

Applications[edit]

The Condor was used in the following aircraft:

Specifications (Condor III)[edit]

Data from Lumsden [4]

General characteristics

  • Type: 12-cylinder liquid-cooled 60 deg. Vee aircraft piston engine
  • Bore: 5.5 in (139.7 mm)
  • Stroke: 7.5 in (190.5 mm)
  • Displacement: 2,137.5 in³ (35.03 L)
  • Length: 69.3 in (1,760 mm)
  • Width: 41.1 in (1,044 mm)
  • Height: 43.2 in (1,097 mm)
  • Dry weight: 1,380 lb (628 kg)

Components

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development
Comparable engines
Related lists

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lumsden 2003, p.188.
  2. ^ List from Lumsden 2003, pp. 188-190
  3. ^ Flight, 17 November, 1932, p. 1094 www.flightglobal.com Retrieved: 5 April 2010
  4. ^ Lumsden 2003, p.189.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Lumsden, Alec. British Piston Engines and their Aircraft. Marlborough, Wiltshire: Airlife Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-85310-294-6.

External links[edit]