Lom people

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For other uses, see Lom (disambiguation).
Lom
Bosha
Bosha.jpg
Bosha gypsies, 19th century
Total population
up to 2,000[citation needed]
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Lomavren, Armenian, Georgian, Turkish
Religion
Orthodox Christianity, Islam
Related ethnic groups
other Romani people

The Lom people (Turkish: Lomlar) also known as Bosha (Armenian: Բոշա; Georgian: ბოშა; Russian: Боша; Turkish and Azeri: Poşa or Boşa) or Armenian Gypsies[1] (Russian: армянские цыгане; Armenian: հայ գնչուներ) or Caucasian Gypsies[1] (Russian: кавказские цыгане) are an ethnic group in Transcaucasia.[2] Their Lomavren language is a mixed language combining Indo-Aryan and Armenian.

History[edit]

The Lom like the Dom are sometimes considered a separate branch of the proto-Romani people who remained in Eastern Asia Minor and Armenia in the 11th century, while the ancestors of the contemporary Romani people migrated further west in the 13th-14th centuries. The names Dom, Lom and Rom are likely to have the same origin (see Names of the Romani people for details).

Number[edit]

Gypsies in Armenia and Georgia (1926-1989)
Year Armenia Georgia
1926[3]
2
333
1939[4]
7
727
1959[5]
18
1,024
1970[6]
12
1,224
1979[7]
59
1,223
1989[8]
48
1,744

The exact number of existing Bosha is difficult to determine, due to the dispersed and often mostly-assimilated nature of the group. Estimates suggest only a few thousand of the people can be found across Armenia and Georgia, while Government census reports only 50 living in the former.[9]

Distribution[edit]

Concentrations of Bosha can be found in Yerevan and Gyumri in Armenia. Some of the Bosha in Armenia have adopted the Armenian language and assimilated with the larger Armenian population.[10] In Georgia they live in such cities as Tbilisi, Kutaisi, Akhalkalaki and Akhaltsikhe. [2] They are noted for such occupations as basket weaving and metalsmithing, which are common among settled Roma. In Turkey they live in Artvin, adopted the Turkish language and assimilated.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]