There are 147,604 Romani people in Serbia, but unofficial estimates put the figure at between 450,000 and 500,000.
Romani minority in Serbia (census 2002)
Roma family in Serbia, 1905
The Romani people in Central Serbia are predominantly Serbian Orthodox but a minority of Muslim Roma exists (mostly Roma refugees from Kosovo), mainly in the southern Serbia.
Romani people in multi-ethnic Vojvodina are integrated with other ethnic groups, especially with Serbs, Romanians and Hungarians. For this reason, depending of the group with which they are integrated, Romani are usually referred to as Serbian Romani, Romanian Romani, Hungarian Romani, etc.
The majority of Romani people are Christian but the minority who are Muslim still preserve the tradition of Djurdjevdan. They speak the Romani language, In October 2005 the first text on the grammar of the Romani language in Serbia was published by linguist Rajko Đurić, titled "Gramatika e Rromane čhibaki - Граматика ромског језика". Besides Serbian, they speak the language of other people they have been influenced by: Romanian, Hungarian, Albanian etc.