Romaine Fielding

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Romaine Fielding
Romaine Fielding 001.jpg
Motion Picture Magazine (August, 1915) Vol. X No.7, New York
Born William Grant Blandin
(1867-05-22)May 22, 1867
Riceville, Iowa, USA
Died December 16, 1927(1927-12-16) (aged 60)
Hollywood, California, USA
Nationality American
Occupation Actor
Known for Western films

Romaine Fielding (May 22, 1867 – December 15, 1927), was an American actor, screenwriter and silent film director known for his dramatic westerns.

Biography[edit]

Fielding was born William Grant Blandin in Iowa. Although without medical training, at one time he ran a medical practice in Kansas City, Missouri. He prospected for gold in Alaska, where he made friends with Jack London and Rex Beach, both of whom would influence his work in films. He also worked as a travel agent, machinist and railway engineer before becoming an actor under the name of Romaine Fielding.[1] He married Mabel van Valkenburg in 1907 but divorced ten years later. He worked and acted in live theatre for a number of years.[citation needed] Fielding worked for the Solax Company of New York before joining Philadelphia-based Lubin Studios in November 1911 at the age of forty-four. Despite his age, he could easily portray much younger characters.[2]

In June 1912 Siegmund Lubin placed Fielding in charge of the Lubin Southwest Company as director, despite the fact that until now he had only acted. This was the start of a rapid rise to fame, where Fielding would write and direct films as well as starring. He broke with convention, challenging stereotypical casting of Indians and Mexicans as villains. His films often ended unexpectedly on a downbeat note. His work was praised in the trade press for its visual beauty combined with realism.[3]

Fielding directed films in the old streets of Tucson in 1912, then moved north to Prescott to film stories based on old west mining and Indian life. He used many local people as extras. Towards the end of 1912 he moved his company down to Nogales.[3] In March 1913 he crossed into Mexico with his company, and was able to film the Battle of Nogales as it happened. He later directed and filmed additional battle scenes, then spliced the real and artificial footage to give the sense of the battle having been filmed from both sides.[1] From there he took his company to Silver City, New Mexico, where he rented two houses and built an outdoor stage for shooting interior scenes. He made use of abandoned structures to film spectacular fires or explosions, which formed the highlights of his fresh and realistic films, typically dark human tragedies.[4]

Fielding rented the entire Plaza Hotel in Las Vegas, New Mexico from 1913 to 1915, and renamed it the Hotel Romaine. It is still possible to see traces of that name on the brick facade.[5] The first film than Fielding made in Las Vegas was The Rattlesnake, a story about two rivals in love. Four more shorts were made within the next month. His five-reel thriller The Golden God employed about 5,000 local extras and featured a cavalry and artillery charge through the streets of the old town.[6] The print for the film was lost in a fire, and there are no surviving copies.[7] At one time he filmed a train smash at great expense. Lubin used the costly footage in five different films.[8]

Fielding made a number of Mexican-themed western-style films and adventure films on location in California, Arizona, and New Mexico, but little of his work has survived.[9] In July 1913 Motion Picture Story magazine announced that Fielding had come top of their readers poll with 1,311,018 votes.[10] His second marriage in 1918 to actress Joan Arliss (real name: Naomi Sachs), with whom he remained until his death; the union producing three children. Following the demise of Lubin Studios in 1917, Romaine Fielding was out of filmmaking until 1920 after which he continued to work in film until his death in Hollywood at age 59 from a blood clot. He is buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California.[citation needed]

Partial filmography[edit]

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ a b Eckhardt 1997, p. 129.
  2. ^ Eckhardt 1997, p. 104.
  3. ^ a b Eckhardt 1997, p. 128.
  4. ^ Eckhardt 1997, p. 130.
  5. ^ Plaza Hotel & Restaurant, Historic Hotels.
  6. ^ Perrigo 2010, p. 48.
  7. ^ Barker 2013, p. 51.
  8. ^ Eckhardt 1997, p. 188.
  9. ^ Eckhardt 1997, p. 131.
  10. ^ Eckhardt 1997, p. 132.

Sources

External links[edit]