Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brindisi-Ostuni

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Archdiocese of Brindisi-Ostium
Archidioecesis Brundusinus-Ostunensis
Brindisi cattedrale.JPG
Brindisi Cathedral
Location
Country Italy
Ecclesiastical province Lecce
Statistics
Area 1,253 km2 (484 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2006)
274,326
272,000 (99.2%)
Parishes 59
Information
Denomination Catholic Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established 4th Century
Cathedral Cattedrale della Visitazione e S. Giovanni Battista
Co-cathedral Concattedrale di S. Maria Assunta
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Archbishop Domenico Caliandro
Emeritus Bishops Rocco Talucci
Settimio Todisco
Website
www.brindisiostuni.chiesacattolica.it
Ostuni Cathedral

The Italian Catholic Archdiocese of Brindisi-Ostium (Latin: Archidioecesis Brundusinus-Ostunensis) in Apulia, has carried its present name since 1986. It is a suffragan of the archdiocese of Lecce.

The historical archdiocese of Brindisi was promoted from a diocese in the tenth century. The territory of the diocese of Ostuni was added to it in 1821. The archdiocese lost its status as metropolitan see in 1980.[1]

History[edit]

According to a local legend, the first Bishop of Brindisi was St. Leucius, about 165, who later underwent martyrdom. There is no historical proof for early beginnings of Christianity, except the account given by Arnobius of the fall of Simon Magus, who according to him withdrew to Brindisi and cast himself from a high rock into the sea.

The Diocese of Brindisi at first embraced the territory comprised within the present diocese of Oria. In the tenth century, after Brindisi had been destroyed by the Saracens, the bishops took up their abode at Oria, on account of its greater security.

From 1572-1591, during the tenure of the Spanish Bishop Bernardino de Figueroa movements were made to separate Oria as seat of a new diocese. This occurred in 1591, with Vincenzo del Tufo being appointed the first bishop of Oria in 1596.[2] In the reorganization of the dioceses of the Kingdom of Naples in 1818 Brindisi was combined with the Diocese of Ostuni, formerly its suffragan.

Brindisi has been an archiepiscopal see since the tenth century. The ancient cathedral was located outside the city, but in 1140 Roger II, King of Sicily and Naples, built the present cathedral in the centre of the city.

Among the bishops of Brindisi were:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Catholic Hierarchy page
  2. ^ Carmelo Turrisi La diocesi di Oria nell'Ottocento. Aspetti socio-religiosi di una diocesia p108
  3. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia article Brindisi

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.