Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago
|Archdiocese of Chicago
|Territory||Counties of Cook and Lake|
|Area||1,411 sq mi (3,650 km2)|
|(as of 2010)
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||November 28, 1843 (170 years ago)|
|Cathedral||Holy Name Cathedral|
|Patron saint||Immaculate Conception|
|Archbishop||Francis Cardinal George|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Francis J. Kane
John R. Manz
Joseph N. Perry
George J. Rassas
Andrew P. Wypych
|Vicar General||Francis J. Kane |
|Emeritus Bishops||Raymond E. Goedert
John R. Gorman
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago (Latin: Archidioecesis Chicagiensis) was established as a diocese in 1843 and as an archdiocese in 1880. It serves more than 2.3 million Catholics in Cook and Lake counties in Northeastern Illinois, a geographic area of 1411 square miles. The archdiocese is divided into six vicariates and 31 deaneries. This local church is headed by Cardinal Francis George, assisted by six episcopal vicars, each responsible for a vicariate (region). The see city for the diocese is Chicago. The cathedral parish for the archdiocese is the Holy Name.
Cardinal George was the first Chicago native to become Archbishop of Chicago. Installed in May 1997, he became the 13th Ordinary for Chicago since its establishment as a diocese. Cardinal George is a member of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate and is the sixth cardinal to lead the archdiocese. On September 20, 2014, Pope Francis appointed Blase Joseph Cupich, Bishop of Spokane, to be the ninth Archbishop of Chicago.
- 1 Diocesan history
- 2 Archbishop's residence
- 3 Bishops
- 4 Priests
- 5 Structure of the Archdiocese
- 6 Office of Catholic Schools
- 7 Respect Life Office
- 8 Seminaries
- 9 Province of Chicago
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Arrival of missionaries
A French Jesuit missionary, the Rev. Jacques Marquette, SJ first explored the area that is now Chicago in the mid-17th century. On December 4, 1674, Father Marquette arrived at the mouth of the Chicago River where he built a cabin to recuperate from his travels. His cabin became the first European settlement in the area now known as Chicago. Marquette published his survey of the new territories and soon more French missionaries and settlers arrived.
In 1795, the Potawatomi tribe signed the Treaty of Greenville that ceded to the United States a tract of land at the mouth of the Chicago River. There in 1804, Fort Dearborn was erected and protected newly arrived Catholic pioneers. In 1822, Alexander Beaubien became the first person to be baptized in Chicago. In 1833, Jesuit missionaries wrote a letter to the Most Rev. Joseph Rosati, Bishop of Saint Louis and Vicar General of Bardstown, pleading for the appointment of a resident pastor to serve over one hundred professing Roman Catholics living in Chicago. Rosati appointed a diocesan priest, the Rev. John Mary Irenaeus Saint Cyr. Fr. Saint Cyr celebrated his first Mass in a log cabin owned by the Beaubien family on Lake Street, near Market Street, in 1833.
At the cost of four hundred dollars, Father Saint Cyr purchased a plot of land on what is now the intersection of Lake and State Streets and constructed a church building of 25 by 35 feet (7.6 by 10.7 m). It was dedicated in October 1833. The following year, the Bishop of Vincennes visited Chicago, where he found over 400 Catholics with only one priest to serve them all. The bishop asked permission from Bishop Rosati to send Fathers Fischer, Shaefer, Saint Palais, Dupontavice, and Joliet from Vincennes to tend to the needs of the Chicago region. In 1837, Fr. Saint Cyr was allowed to retire and was replaced by Chicago's first English-speaking priest, the Rev. James Timothy O'Meara. Father O'Meara moved the church built by Fr. Saint Cyr to what is now the intersection of Wabash Avenue and Madison Street. When Fr. O'Meara left Chicago, Saint Palais tore down the church and replaced it with a new brick structure.
The First Plenary Council of Baltimore concluded that the Roman Catholic population of Chicago was growing exponentially and was in dire need of an episcopal see of its own. With the consent of Pope Gregory XVI, the Diocese of Chicago was canonically erected on November 28, 1843. In 1844, William Quarter of Ireland was appointed as the first Bishop of Chicago. Upon his arrival, Quarter summoned a synod of 32 Chicago priests to begin the organization of the diocese. One of Quarter's most important achievements was his successful petitioning for the passage of an Illinois state law in 1845 that declared the Bishop of Chicago an incorporated entity, a corporation sole, with power to hold real and other property in trust for religious purposes. This allowed the bishop to pursue mass construction of new churches, colleges and universities to serve the needs of Chicago's Roman Catholic faithful. After four years of service as Bishop of Chicago, Bishop Quarter died on April 10, 1848.
Fire of 1871
The southern section of the state of Illinois split from Chicago diocese in 1853, becoming the Diocese of Quincy. The Quincy diocese was renamed the Diocese of Alton in 1857, and eventually became Diocese of Springfield. The Diocese of Peoria was established in 1877 from another territorial split from the Chicago diocese.
From 1844 to 1879, the residential bishop of the Diocese of Chicago held the title Bishop of Chicago. With the elevation of the diocese to an archdiocese in 1880, the residential bishop held the title Archbishop of Chicago. Since 1915, all Archbishops of Chicago have been honored in consistory with the title of Cardinal Priest and membership in the College of Cardinals. The archbishops also have responsibilities in the dicasteries of the Roman Curia. All but two residential bishops were diocesan priests before assuming the episcopacy in Chicago. Two came from religious institutes: the Society of Jesus and the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate.
Our Lady of the Angels fire
The Our Lady of the Angels School Fire occurred at the Our Lady of Angels School on December 1, 1958 in the Humboldt Park area of western Chicago. The school, which was operated by the Archdiocese, lost 92 students and three nuns in five classrooms on the second floor.
The archbishop's residence at 1555 North State Parkway is the official home of the Archbishop of Chicago and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Built in 1885 by the Most Rev. Patrick Feehan, first Archbishop of Chicago, the archbishop's residence is a three-story, red brick building and is one of the oldest structures in the Astor Street District, according to the Landmarks Preservation Council.
When Pope John Paul II visited Chicago in 1979, he became the first Pontiff to stay at the residence. Two previous popes stayed at the residence as cardinals: Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, who became Pope Pius XII; and Giovanni Cardinal Montini, who became Pope Paul VI.
Before the establishment of the archbishop's residence, the Bishops of Chicago were in residence at a home on LaSalle Street and North Avenue.
- William J. Quarter (1844–1848)
- James Oliver Van de Velde, SJ (1848–1853)
- Anthony O'Regan (1854–1858)
- James Duggan (1859–1880)
- Patrick Augustine Feehan (1880–1902)
- James Edward Quigley (1903–1915)
- Cardinal George Mundelein (1915–1939)
- Cardinal Samuel Stritch (1939–1958)
- Cardinal Albert Gregory Meyer (1958–1965)
- Cardinal John Cody (1965–1982)
- Cardinal Joseph Bernardin (1982–1996)
- Cardinal Francis George, OMI (1997–2014)
Coadjutor bishops (who did not become diocesan bishop)
Current auxiliary bishops
- See Auxiliary bishop
- John R. Manz (March 5, 1996 – present)
- Joseph N. Perry (June 29, 1998 – present)
- Francis J. Kane (March 19, 2003 – present)
- George J. Rassas (February 2, 2006 – present)
- Andrew Peter Wypych (August 10, 2011 – present)
- Alberto Rojas (August 10, 2011 – present)
Retired auxiliary bishops
Deceased auxiliary bishops
- Alfred Leo Abramowicz
- Edwin Michael Conway
- Michael Dempsey
- Nevin William Hayes, O. Carm.
- William David O'Brien
- Bernard James Sheil
- Thad J. Jakubowski
- Timothy Joseph Lyne
Bishops who once were priests of the archdiocese
The following men began their service as priests in Chicago before being appointed bishops elsewhere:
- Edward Braxton, Bishop of Belleville, Illinois
- Edward Egan, Archbishop Emeritus of New York
- Wilton D. Gregory, Archbishop of Atlanta
- James Patrick Keleher, Archbishop Emeritus of Kansas City in Kansas
- Gerald Frederick Kicanas, Bishop of Tucson
- Jerome Edward Listecki, Archbishop of Milwaukee
- Thomas J. Paprocki, Bishop of Springfield in Illinois
- Gustavo Garcia-Siller, M.Sp.S., Archbishop of San Antonio in Texas
- Edward James Slattery, Bishop of Tulsa
- John George Vlazny, Archbishop Emeritus of Portland in Oregon
- Plácido Rodriguez, CMF, Bishop of Lubbock
- Donald Martin Carroll, Roman Catholic priest, appointed bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Rockford in 1956, but resigned before his consecration due to ill health
- Andrew Greeley, Roman Catholic priest, writer, sociologist, journalist
- Reynold Henry Hillenbrand, Roman Catholic priest, liturgist
- Michael Pfleger, Roman Catholic priest, social activist
Structure of the Archdiocese
The Archdiocese Pastoral Centers are Archbishop Quigley Center, 835 North Rush Street and Cardinal Meyer Center, 3525 South Lake Park Avenue, both in Chicago.
Administrative Council to the Archbishop
The Rev. Msgr. John F. Canary, Vicar General
The Rev. Peter Śnieg, Moderator of the Curia
Kevin J. Marzalik, Chancellor
The Most Rev. Francis J. Kane, Auxiliary Bishop, Episcopal Vicare, Vicariate II
The Most Rev. John R. Manz, Auxiliary Bishop, Episcopal Vicar, Vicariate IV
The Most Rev. Joseph N. Perry, Auxiliary Bishop, Episcopal Vicar, Vicariate VI
The Most Rev. George J. Rassas, Auxiliary Bishop, Episcopal Vicar, Vicariate I
The Most Rev. Alberto Rojas, Auxiliary Bishop, Episcopal Vicar, Vicariate III
The Most Rev. Andrew P. Wypych, Auxiliary Bishop, Episcopal Vicar, Vicariate V
The Rev. Thomas A. Baima, Vice Rector for Academic Affairs, University of St. Mary of the Lake / Mundelein Seminary
The Rev. Msgr. Michael M. Boland, Director, Department of Human Services
Christopher J. Cannova, Department of Personnel Services
Raymond P. Coughlin, Director, Department of Human Services
Colleen H. Dolan, Director, Department of Communications and Public Relations
The Rev. Msgr. Richard P. Hynes, Director, Department of Parish Life and Formation
Betsy Bohlen, Director, Department of Financial Services
Sr. Mary Paul McCaughey, O.P., Superintendent, Archdiocesan Board of Catholic Education
Departments, agencies and offices include:
Office of Catholic Schools
The Office of Catholic Schools operates, manages, and supports diocesan and Catholic primary and secondary schools. Catholic education in the Chicago area began on June 3, 1844 with the opening of a boys' school. Chicago parochial schools served various ethnic groups, including Irish, Germans, Poles, Czechs and Bohemians, French, Slovaks, Lithuanians, African Americans, Italians, and Mexicans. Many local nuns living in convents established and operated Catholic schools.
The school construction boom ended when Cardinal John Cody, the archbishop at the time, decided to limit construction of Catholic schools in Lake County and suburban areas in Cook County. Due to changes in demographics, the archdiocese has since closed more than half of its urban schools since 1966.
Between 1984 and 2004, the Office of Catholic Schools closed 148 schools and 10 school sites. An August 17, 2000 article by the Chicago Sun-Times refers to the Archdiocese of Chicago Office of Catholic Schools as the largest private school system in the United States.
Respect Life Office
Cardinal Francis George established the Respect Life Office within the Archdiocese. "It promotes the cause of life through advocacy and prayer. It has available educational resources, a speakers bureau and sponsors annual conferences, retreats and rallies for adults and youth. The Office also maintains Project Rachel, a program of reconciliation for those who participated in an abortion; and the Chastity Education Initiative, which serves youth and young adults of the Archdiocese, inspiring them to make positive choices about the gift of human sexuality." 
The Respect Life Office has coordinated several pro-life initiatives in the Chicago area. These include, the local 40 Days for Life campaign, annual trip to the March for Life in both Chicago and Washington, DC for college and high school students.
- University of Saint Mary of the Lake (Mundelein Seminary) - major seminary
- St. Joseph College Seminary - undergraduate seminary program of the Archdiocese of Chicago (affiliated with Loyola University Chicago)
- Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary -high-school seminary (closed 2007)
Province of Chicago
- Diocese of Belleville
- Diocese of Joliet in Illinois
- Diocese of Peoria
- Diocese of Rockford
- Diocese of Springfield in Illinois
- Category:Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago
- The Catholic New World, the official newspaper of the Archdiocese
- Our Lady of Perpetual Help (Glenview, Illinois), one of the largest parishes in the Archdiocese
- Polish Cathedral style churches of Chicago
- St. Anne Catholic Community, another of the largest parishes in the Archdiocese
- Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Chicago
- Syro-Malabar Catholic Diocese of Saint Thomas the Apostle of Chicago
- List of the Roman Catholic bishops of the United States
- List of the Roman Catholic cathedrals of the United States
- List of the Roman Catholic dioceses of the United States
- United States Conference of Catholic Bishops
- Shrine of Christ the King, Sovereign Priest; in Chicago, Illinois
- Joshua J. McElwee (2014-09-21). "Exclusive: Chicago's new archbishop talks about 'stepping into the unknown'". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 2014-09-22.
- "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online". Retrieved April 29, 2006.
- "Archdiocese of Chicago". Retrieved April 29, 2006.
- "Father O'Meara biography". Archived from the original on March 10, 2007. Retrieved April 29, 2006.
- "Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago". Retrieved April 29, 2006.
- "Bishop William Quarter (1806-1848)". Archived from the original on January 5, 2006. Retrieved April 29, 2006.
- "Chicago Encyclopedia". Retrieved April 29, 2006.
- "Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago history". Retrieved April 29, 2006.
- "Departments and Agencies" (shtm). Retrieved April 29, 2006.
- http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/218.html School System
- http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4155/is_20000817/ai_n13867054. Missing or empty
- "Archdiocese Respect Life Office".
- "Catholic New World".
- "Archdiocese of Chicago Release".
- Shrine of Christ the King Sovereign Priest
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