Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago

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Archdiocese of Chicago
Archidioecesis Chicagiensis
Archdiocese of Chicago Coat of Arms.svg
Location
Country United States
Territory Counties of Cook and Lake
Ecclesiastical province Chicago
Statistics
Area 1,411 sq mi (3,650 km2)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2010)
6,111,000
2,383,000 (39%)
Parishes 356
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established November 28, 1843 (170 years ago)
Cathedral Holy Name Cathedral
Patron saint Immaculate Conception
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Archbishop Blase J. Cupich[1]
Auxiliary Bishops Francis J. Kane
John R. Manz
Joseph N. Perry
George J. Rassas
Alberto Rojas
Andrew P. Wypych
Vicar General Francis J. Kane [2]
Emeritus Bishops Francis George
Raymond E. Goedert
John R. Gorman
Map
Archdiocese of Chicago map 1.png
Website
www.archchicago.org
Archdiocese of Chicago Vicariate Map
Holy Name Cathedral on State Street in Chicago

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago (Latin: Archidioecesis Chicagiensis) was established as a diocese in 1843 and as an archdiocese in 1880. It serves more than 2.3 million Catholics in Cook and Lake counties in Northeastern Illinois, a geographic area of 1411 square miles. The archdiocese is divided into six vicariates and 31 deaneries. This local church is headed by Cardinal Francis George, assisted by six episcopal vicars, each responsible for a vicariate (region). The see city for the diocese is Chicago. The cathedral parish for the archdiocese is the Holy Name.

Cardinal George was the first Chicago native to become Archbishop of Chicago. Installed in May 1997, he became the 13th Ordinary for Chicago since its establishment as a diocese. Cardinal George is a member of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate and is the sixth cardinal to lead the archdiocese. On September 20, 2014, Pope Francis appointed Blase Joseph Cupich, Bishop of Spokane, to be the ninth Archbishop of Chicago.

Diocesan history[edit]

Arrival of missionaries[edit]

Father Marquette

A French Jesuit missionary, the Rev. Jacques Marquette, SJ first explored the area that is now Chicago in the mid-17th century. On December 4, 1674, Father Marquette arrived at the mouth of the Chicago River where he built a cabin to recuperate from his travels. His cabin became the first European settlement in the area now known as Chicago. Marquette published his survey of the new territories and soon more French missionaries and settlers arrived.[3]

First priest[edit]

In 1795, the Potawatomi tribe signed the Treaty of Greenville that ceded to the United States a tract of land at the mouth of the Chicago River. There in 1804, Fort Dearborn was erected and protected newly arrived Catholic pioneers. In 1822, Alexander Beaubien became the first person to be baptized in Chicago. In 1833, Jesuit missionaries wrote a letter to the Most Rev. Joseph Rosati, Bishop of Saint Louis and Vicar General of Bardstown, pleading for the appointment of a resident pastor to serve over one hundred professing Roman Catholics living in Chicago. Rosati appointed a diocesan priest, the Rev. John Mary Irenaeus Saint Cyr. Fr. Saint Cyr celebrated his first Mass in a log cabin owned by the Beaubien family on Lake Street, near Market Street, in 1833.[4]

First parish[edit]

At the cost of four hundred dollars, Father Saint Cyr purchased a plot of land on what is now the intersection of Lake and State Streets and constructed a church building of 25 by 35 feet (7.6 by 10.7 m). It was dedicated in October 1833. The following year, the Bishop of Vincennes visited Chicago, where he found over 400 Catholics with only one priest to serve them all. The bishop asked permission from Bishop Rosati to send Fathers Fischer, Shaefer, Saint Palais, Dupontavice, and Joliet from Vincennes to tend to the needs of the Chicago region. In 1837, Fr. Saint Cyr was allowed to retire and was replaced by Chicago's first English-speaking priest, the Rev. James Timothy O'Meara. Father O'Meara moved the church built by Fr. Saint Cyr to what is now the intersection of Wabash Avenue and Madison Street. When Fr. O'Meara left Chicago, Saint Palais tore down the church and replaced it with a new brick structure.[5]

Diocesan establishment[edit]

St. John Cantius, one of Chicago's "Polish Cathedrals"

The First Plenary Council of Baltimore concluded that the Roman Catholic population of Chicago was growing exponentially and was in dire need of an episcopal see of its own. With the consent of Pope Gregory XVI, the Diocese of Chicago was canonically erected on November 28, 1843. In 1844, William Quarter of Ireland was appointed as the first Bishop of Chicago. Upon his arrival, Quarter summoned a synod of 32 Chicago priests to begin the organization of the diocese.[4] One of Quarter's most important achievements was his successful petitioning for the passage of an Illinois state law in 1845 that declared the Bishop of Chicago an incorporated entity, a corporation sole, with power to hold real and other property in trust for religious purposes.[6] This allowed the bishop to pursue mass construction of new churches, colleges and universities to serve the needs of Chicago's Roman Catholic faithful.[7] After four years of service as Bishop of Chicago, Bishop Quarter died on April 10, 1848.[7]

Fire of 1871[edit]

The church lost nearly a million dollars in church property in the Chicago fire of 1871, leading to administrative instability for decades[8]

Archdiocese establishment[edit]

The southern section of the state of Illinois split from Chicago diocese in 1853, becoming the Diocese of Quincy. The Quincy diocese was renamed the Diocese of Alton in 1857, and eventually became Diocese of Springfield. The Diocese of Peoria was established in 1877 from another territorial split from the Chicago diocese.[9]

From 1844 to 1879, the residential bishop of the Diocese of Chicago held the title Bishop of Chicago. With the elevation of the diocese to an archdiocese in 1880, the residential bishop held the title Archbishop of Chicago. Since 1915, all Archbishops of Chicago have been honored in consistory with the title of Cardinal Priest and membership in the College of Cardinals. The archbishops also have responsibilities in the dicasteries of the Roman Curia. All but two residential bishops were diocesan priests before assuming the episcopacy in Chicago. Two came from religious institutes: the Society of Jesus and the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate.[4]

Our Lady of the Angels fire[edit]

Monument to the Our Lady of the Angels School Fire at the Queen of Heaven Cemetery

The Our Lady of the Angels School Fire occurred at the Our Lady of Angels School on December 1, 1958 in the Humboldt Park area of western Chicago. The school, which was operated by the Archdiocese, lost 92 students and three nuns in five classrooms on the second floor.

Archbishop's residence[edit]

The archbishop's residence at 1555 North State Parkway is the official home of the Archbishop of Chicago and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Built in 1885 by the Most Rev. Patrick Feehan, first Archbishop of Chicago, the archbishop's residence is a three-story, red brick building and is one of the oldest structures in the Astor Street District, according to the Landmarks Preservation Council.

When Pope John Paul II visited Chicago in 1979, he became the first Pontiff to stay at the residence. Two previous popes stayed at the residence as cardinals: Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, who became Pope Pius XII; and Giovanni Cardinal Montini, who became Pope Paul VI.

Before the establishment of the archbishop's residence, the Bishops of Chicago were in residence at a home on LaSalle Street and North Avenue.

Bishops[edit]

Diocesan bishops[edit]

Bishops[edit]

  1. William J. Quarter (1844–1848)
  2. James Oliver Van de Velde, SJ (1848–1853)
  3. Anthony O'Regan (1854–1858)
  4. James Duggan (1859–1880)

Archbishops[edit]

  1. Patrick Augustine Feehan (1880–1902)
  2. James Edward Quigley (1903–1915)
  3. Cardinal George Mundelein (1915–1939)
  4. Cardinal Samuel Stritch (1939–1958)
  5. Cardinal Albert Gregory Meyer (1958–1965)
  6. Cardinal John Cody (1965–1982)
  7. Cardinal Joseph Bernardin (1982–1996)
  8. Cardinal Francis George, OMI (1997–2014)
  9. Blase Joseph Cupich (incumbent) (2014–present)

Coadjutor bishops (who did not become diocesan bishop)[edit]

Current auxiliary bishops[edit]

See Auxiliary bishop

Retired auxiliary bishops[edit]

Our Lady of Mount Carmel in Lake View East

Deceased auxiliary bishops[edit]

Bishops who once were priests of the archdiocese[edit]

The following men began their service as priests in Chicago before being appointed bishops elsewhere:

Living
Deceased

Priests[edit]

Structure of the Archdiocese[edit]

Administration

The Archdiocese Pastoral Centers are Archbishop Quigley Center, 835 North Rush Street and Cardinal Meyer Center, 3525 South Lake Park Avenue, both in Chicago.

Administrative Council to the Archbishop

The Rev. Msgr. John F. Canary, Vicar General
The Rev. Peter Śnieg, Moderator of the Curia
Kevin J. Marzalik, Chancellor
The Most Rev. Francis J. Kane, Auxiliary Bishop, Episcopal Vicare, Vicariate II
The Most Rev. John R. Manz, Auxiliary Bishop, Episcopal Vicar, Vicariate IV
The Most Rev. Joseph N. Perry, Auxiliary Bishop, Episcopal Vicar, Vicariate VI
The Most Rev. George J. Rassas, Auxiliary Bishop, Episcopal Vicar, Vicariate I
The Most Rev. Alberto Rojas, Auxiliary Bishop, Episcopal Vicar, Vicariate III
The Most Rev. Andrew P. Wypych, Auxiliary Bishop, Episcopal Vicar, Vicariate V
The Rev. Thomas A. Baima, Vice Rector for Academic Affairs, University of St. Mary of the Lake / Mundelein Seminary
The Rev. Msgr. Michael M. Boland, Director, Department of Human Services
Christopher J. Cannova, Department of Personnel Services
Raymond P. Coughlin, Director, Department of Human Services
Colleen H. Dolan, Director, Department of Communications and Public Relations
The Rev. Msgr. Richard P. Hynes, Director, Department of Parish Life and Formation
Betsy Bohlen, Director, Department of Financial Services
Sr. Mary Paul McCaughey, O.P., Superintendent, Archdiocesan Board of Catholic Education

Departments[edit]

Departments, agencies and offices include:

  • Formation, Lay Ecclesial Ministry
  • Legal Services
  • Liturgy Training Publications
  • Metropolitan Tribunal
  • Ministerial Evaluation
  • Ministry in Higher Education
  • Office of Catholic Schools
  • Office of Professional Responsibility
  • Office for Persons with Disabilities
  • Ongoing Formation in Ministry
  • Parish Life and Formation
  • Peace and Justice
  • Protection of Children and Youth
  • Racial Justice
  • Research and Planning
  • Respect Life
  • Stewardship and Development
  • Vocations
  • Young Adult Ministry
  • Youth Ministry Office.[10]

Office of Catholic Schools[edit]

Archbishop Quigley Pastoral Center, 835 N. Rush St., one of two administrative centers for the Archdiocese of Chicago.

The Office of Catholic Schools operates, manages, and supports diocesan and Catholic primary and secondary schools. Catholic education in the Chicago area began on June 3, 1844 with the opening of a boys' school. Chicago parochial schools served various ethnic groups, including Irish, Germans, Poles, Czechs and Bohemians, French, Slovaks, Lithuanians, African Americans, Italians, and Mexicans. Many local nuns living in convents established and operated Catholic schools.

The school construction boom ended when Cardinal John Cody, the archbishop at the time, decided to limit construction of Catholic schools in Lake County and suburban areas in Cook County. Due to changes in demographics, the archdiocese has since closed more than half of its urban schools since 1966.[11]

Between 1984 and 2004, the Office of Catholic Schools closed 148 schools and 10 school sites.[12] An August 17, 2000 article by the Chicago Sun-Times refers to the Archdiocese of Chicago Office of Catholic Schools as the largest private school system in the United States.[13]

Respect Life Office[edit]

Cardinal Francis George established the Respect Life Office within the Archdiocese. "It promotes the cause of life through advocacy and prayer. It has available educational resources, a speakers bureau and sponsors annual conferences, retreats and rallies for adults and youth. The Office also maintains Project Rachel, a program of reconciliation for those who participated in an abortion; and the Chastity Education Initiative, which serves youth and young adults of the Archdiocese, inspiring them to make positive choices about the gift of human sexuality." [14]

The Respect Life Office has coordinated several pro-life initiatives in the Chicago area. These include, the local 40 Days for Life [15]campaign, annual trip to the March for Life in both Chicago and Washington, DC for college and high school students.[16]

Seminaries[edit]

Province of Chicago[edit]

Province of Chicago

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°53′46″N 87°37′40″W / 41.8960°N 87.6277°W / 41.8960; -87.6277