Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cincinnati
|Archdiocese of Cincinnati
|Territory||Southwestern and Western Ohio, including the cities of Cincinnati, Dayton, Springfield, and Hamilton|
|Area||8,543 sq mi (22,130 km2)|
|(as of 2006)
|Established||June 19, 1821 (192 years ago)|
|Cathedral||Saint Peter in Chains Cathedral|
|Patron saint||St. Francis de Sales|
|Archbishop||Dennis Marion Schnurr|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Joseph R. Binzer|
|Emeritus Bishops||Daniel Edward Pilarczyk|
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cincinnati (Latin: Archidioecesis Cincinnatensis) covers the southwest region of the U.S. state of Ohio, including the greater Cincinnati and Dayton metropolitan areas. The Archbishop of Cincinnati is Most Rev. Dennis Marion Schnurr.
In total, the Archdiocese of Cincinnati encompasses 230 parishes in 19 counties, as of 2005[update], with the total membership of baptized Catholics around 500,000. The Archdiocese administers 110 associated parochial schools and diocesan elementary schools. Its mother church is the Cathedral of St. Peter in Chains, located at the corner of 8th and Plum Streets in Downtown Cincinnati.
Cincinnati is the metropolis of the Ecclesiastical Province of Cincinnati, which encompasses the entire state of Ohio and is composed of the Archdiocese and its five suffragan dioceses: Cleveland, Columbus, Steubenville, Toledo, and Youngstown.
The Archdiocese of Cincinnati is bordered by the Diocese of Toledo to the north, the Diocese of Columbus to the east, the Diocese of Covington to the south, and the Archdiocese of Indianapolis and Diocese of Lafayette to the west.
The Diocese of Cincinnati was erected on 19 June 1821 by Pope Pius VII from territory taken from the Roman Catholic Diocese of Bardstown. At the time there was an unwritten prohibition against the building of Catholic churches in Cincinnati. The first church was therefore constructed just outside its boundaries. The diocese lost territory on 8 March 1833 when Pope Gregory XVI erected the Diocese of Detroit and again on 23 April 1847 when Pope Pius IX erected the Diocese of Cleveland.
In November 2003, following a sexual abuse scandal and two-year investigation by the Hamilton County prosecutor's office, Archbishop Daniel Pilarczyk entered a plea of nolo contendere regarding five misdemeanor charges of failure to report allegations of child molestation. No criminal judgment was rendered on the allegations themselves, only on the diocese's failure to report the allegations.
Bishops and Archbishops
The following is a list of the Ordinaries of Cincinnati (years of service in parentheses):
- Edward Fenwick O.P. (1822–1833) died
- John Baptist Purcell (1833–1883) died
- William Henry Elder (1883–1903) died
- Henry K. Moeller (1903–1925) died
- John Timothy McNicholas O.P. (1925–1950) died
- Karl Joseph Alter (1950–1969) retired
- Paul Francis Leibold (1969–1972) died
- Joseph Bernardin (1972–1982) appointed Archbishop of Chicago, and elevated to Cardinal in 1983
- Daniel Edward Pilarczyk (1982–2009) retired
- Dennis Marion Schnurr (2009–present)
- Sylvester Horton Rosecrans (1861–1868) appointed Bishop of Columbus
- William Henry Elder (Coadjutor 1880–1883) succeeded
- Henry Moeller (Coadjutor 1903–1904) succeeded
- Joseph H. Albers (1929–1937) appointed Bishop of Lansing
- George John Rehring (1937–1950) appointed Bishop of Toledo
- Paul Francis Leibold (1958–1966) appointed Bishop of Evansville
- Edward Anthony McCarthy (1965–1969) appointed Bishop of Phoenix
- Nicholas Thomas Elko (Archbishop ad personam 1971–1985) retired as Bishop emeritus of Pittsburgh (Ruthenian)
- Daniel Edward Pilarczyk (1974–1982) appointed Archbishop of Cincinnati
- James Henry Garland (1984–1992) appointed Bishop of Marquette
- Carl Kevin Moeddel (1993–2007) retired
- Dennis Marion Schnurr (Coadjutor 2008–2009) appointed Archbishop of Cincinnati
- Joseph R. Binzer (2011–present)
The following men began their service as priests in Cincinnati before being appointed bishops elsewhere (years in parentheses refer to their years in Cincinnati):
- John Martin Henni, Archbishop of Milwaukee (1829–1843)
- Clarence George Issenmann, Bishop of Cleveland (1932–1954)
- Henry Damian Juncker, Bishop of Alton (1834–1857)
- Joshua Maria Young, Bishop of Erie (1838–1853)
- John Baptist Lamy, Archbishop of Santa Fe (1838–1850)
- James Frederick Bryan Wood, Archbishop of Philadelphia (1844–1857)
- John Henry Luers, Bishop of Fort Wayne (1846–1857)
- Caspar Henry Borgess, Bishop of Detroit (1848–1870)
- Richard Gilmour, Bishop of Cleveland (1852–1872)
- John Quinlan, Bishop of Mobile (1852–1859)
- Augustus Maria Bernard Anthony John Gebhard Toebbe, Bishop of Covington (1854–1869)
- Henry Richter, Bishop of Grand Rapids (1865–1883)
- Francis Beckman, Archbishop of Dubuque(1902–1923)
- Urban John Vehr, Archbishop of Denver (1915–1931)
- Francis Augustine Thill, Bishop of Salina (1920–1938)
- Anthony John King Mussio, Bishop of Steubenville (1935–1945)
- John Joseph Kaising, Auxiliary Bishop of the Military Ordinariate (1962–2000)
- Robert Daniel Conlon, Bishop of Steubenville (1977–2002)
- Michael William Warfel, Bishop of Juneau (1980–1996)
The Archdiocese of Cincinnati operates a large school system that is especially well-attended in the Cincinnati area. As of 2011, 43,641 students enroll in the Archdiocese's 115 schools (ACE Consulting 2011, p. 36), making it the sixth largest Catholic school system in the United States. In Hamilton County, where most private schools are run by the Archdiocese, nearly a quarter of students (36,684 as of 2007) attend private schools, a rate only second to St. Louis County, Missouri.
The 23 Catholic high schools in the region operate under varying degrees of archdiocesan control. Several are owned and operated by the Archdiocese, while other interparochial schools are run by groups of parishes under archdiocesan supervision. Most of the interparochial and non-archdiocesan high schools are operated by religious institutes (as noted in the table to the right). Most of the schools' athletic teams belong to the Greater Catholic League, which consists of a co-ed division, the Girls Greater Cincinnati League, and a division for all-male schools.
The Archdiocese also includes 92 parochial and diocesan elementary schools, with a combined enrollment of 30,312, as of 2011 (ACE Consulting 2011, p. 91). These schools can be found in the urban and suburban areas of Cincinnati and Dayton, as well as some of the smaller towns within the Archdiocesan boundaries. Each parochial school is owned and operated by its parish, rather than by the Archdiocese's Catholic Schools Office. However, in March 2011, the Archdiocese announced its intention of eventually unifying the schools under one school system. The current Superintendent of Catholic Schools is Dr. Jim Rigg.
Five of the high schools are named after former archbishops of the diocese. A parochial elementary school in Dayton is also named after Archbishop Liebold.
The Archdiocese sponsors the Athenaeum of Ohio – Mount St. Mary's Seminary of the West seminary in the Mount Washington neighborhood of Cincinnati.
The Archdiocese is served by The Catholic Telegraph, the diocesan newspaper, which is described on its website as the United States' oldest continuously published Catholic diocesan newspaper. Its defunct sister newspaper, Der Wahrheitsfreund, was the first German Catholic newspaper in the country.
Several area Catholic radio stations, owned by separate entities, serve the Archdiocese:
- WNOP 740 AM Licensed to Newport, Kentucky. "Sacred Heart Radio" plus a sister station
- WHSS 89.5 FM in Hamilton, a repeater of WNOP.
- WULM 1600 AM located in Springfield "Radio Maria" (based at KJMJ in Alexandria, Louisiana)serving portions of the Dayton area...a fifty mile radius in the daytime. (ten mile radius at night)plus a sister station:
- WHJM 88.7 FM licensed in Anna, transmitting from Botkins with a live studio located in nearby Minster which serves a forty mile radius within the Upper Miami Valley and southern portions of the Lima area.Radio Maria also streams on the internet
Other stations reach into portions of the Archdiocese:
- WVSG 820 AM located in Columbus "St. Gabriel Radio" (the former WOSU (AM).
- WLYV 1450 AM in Fort Wayne Indiana "Redeemer Radio" which can be heard in portions of Mercer and Darke Counties in the northwestern corner of the Archdiocese during daylight hours plus an audio stream.
- Diocese of Cleveland
- Diocese of Columbus
- Diocese of Steubenville
- Diocese of Toledo
- Diocese of Youngstown
- Amos, Denise Smith (2011-10-05). "Catholic leaders to share assessment of schools". The Cincinnati Enquirer (Gannett Company). Retrieved 2011-10-28. "Schools: 113 schools with 43,641 students enrolled last year. Cincinnati region includes 17 high schools, 66 elementary schools and one K-12 specialty school."
- ACE Consulting counts 114 schools, which includes Catholic Central School's two campuses but not DePaul Cristo Rey High School, which opened shortly before publication.
- "Cincinnati: a Guide to the Queen City and its neighbors", Federal Writer's Project
- Coday, Denis (2003-12-12). "Cincinnati archdiocese convicted for failing to report sex abuse". National Catholic Reporter (The National Catholic Reporter Publishing Company). Retrieved 2007-02-23.
- Manning, Jim; Nicole Brainard. "About Us". Archbishop Alter High School. Archived from the original on 2011-09-03. Retrieved 2013-11-18.
- "About Us". Stephen T. Badin High School. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- Karl, J. "Welcome from the Dean". Carroll High School. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- "Please Support our Mission". Catholic Central School. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- "Society of Mary". Chaminade-Julienne High School. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- Jeanne Bessette, OSF. "Welcome from the President". DePaul Cristo Rey High School. Retrieved 2013-11-18.
- Elder High School Student Handbook 2010–2011 (PDF). Elder High School. 2010-09-23. p. i. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- "They Are Not All The Same" (PDF). Reunion (Roger Bacon High School) 38 (3): 11. Spring 2005. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- "Director of Development" (PDF). Lehman Catholic High School. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- McAuley High School Handbook and Calendar For Parents and Students (PDF). McAuley High School. 2010. p. 8. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- Student Planner and Handbook (PDF). Archbishop McNicholas High School. 2010. p. 3. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- "History of Mother of Mercy High School". Mother of Mercy High School. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- "Basic Information". Mount Notre Dame High School. 2005. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- Clark, Michael D. (August 6, 2013). "Catholic high school coming to Mason". The Cincinnati Enquirer (Gannett Company). Retrieved August 16, 2013. "On Tuesday, school officials will announce Royalmont’s addition of grades 9-12 in the 2014-15 school year."
- Amos, Denise Smith (2011-03-11). "Q&A with James Rigg, superintendent of schools". The Cincinnati Enquirer (Gannett Company). Retrieved 2011-03-18. "'With the exception of St. Rita School for the Deaf, which is controlled by an independent board, there are three kinds of Catholic high schools in the Archdiocese of Cincinnati...'"
- "Development Staff". Ursuline Academy. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- Amos, Denise Smith (2011-10-07). "Catholic schools seek to add pupils". The Cincinnati Enquirer (Gannett Company). Retrieved 2011-10-28. "Even so, Cincinnati's archdiocese still boasts the nation's eighth largest Catholic school system, with more than 43,600 students."
- Alltucker, Ken (2002-10-20). "Tristaters put stock in private schools". The Cincinnati Enquirer (Cincinnati, Ohio: Gannett Company). p. A1. Retrieved 2007-10-21.
- Cassano, Rick (August 12, 2013). "GCL formally announces new 18-school alignment". Dayton Daily News (Cox Enterprises). Retrieved August 16, 2013.
- Amos, Denise Smith (2011-03-10). "Archdiocese moves to unify 113 schools". The Cincinnati Enquirer (Gannett Company). Retrieved 2011-03-18. "The Cincinnati Archdiocese has for the first time in its 189-year history taken steps to unify its system of Catholic schools under one vision and operation, archdiocesan leaders said Wednesday."
- "Initial Assessment Report" (PDF). Lighting the Way: A Vision for Catholic School Education for Catholic Schools. ACE Consulting, University of Notre Dame. 2011-09-13. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
- Archdiocese of Cincinnati Official Webpage