Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz
|Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz
Archidioecesis Emeritensis Augustanus-Pacensis
Archidiócesis de Mérida-Badajoz
|Area||17,405 km2 (6,720 sq mi)|
|(as of 2004)
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||1255 (As Diocese of Badajoz)
28 July 1994 (As Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz)
|Cathedral||Cathedral of St John the Baptist in Badajoz|
|Co-cathedral||Co-Cathedral of Saint Mary Major, Mérida|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Santiago García Aracil|
|Suffragans||Diocese of Coria-Cáceres
Diocese of Plasencia
|Emeritus Bishops||Antonio Montero Moreno Archbishop Emeritus (1994-2004)|
|Website of the Archdiocese|
The Diocese or Archdiocese of Mérida (dioecesis Emeritensis) was a Catholic and Arian see centred on the Spanish city of Mérida during the periods of Roman and Visigothic rule. Mérida was also the provincial capital of Lusitania.
The see prospered in the late 5th century under Zeno, a Greek, who was offered greater authority in order to defend the province from Suevic raids. At about that time the diocese fell under the control of the Visigoths and it remained a Visigothic see until the Moorish conquest of 711. Throughout that period, however, it only ever had two Gothic bishops: Masona and his successor Renovatus in the late sixth and early seventh centuries. In the mid-sixth century the see became the richest in Spain through the private wealth of bishops Paul and Fidelis, Greek uncle and nephew. Under these four, the city was ruled de facto by the bishops independent of the central government, a situation which led to conflict between the Arian king Leovigild and his bishop, Sunna.
The bishopric of Badajoz was erected in 1225, shortly after it was reconquered from the Moors by King Alfonso IX of León. Its first bishop was Don Pedro Perez, appointed by Alfonso X, the Wise. The diocese was suffragan to the archdiocese of Seville, and was bounded on the north by the diocese of Coria, diocese of Plasencia, and diocese of Toledo, on the east by Toledo, the diocese of Ciudad Real, and the diocese of Córdoba, on the south by the archdiocese of Seville, and on the west by Portugal.
- Pope John Paul II (28 July 1994), "Constitutiones Apostolicae - Emeritensis Augustana", Acta Apostolicae Sedis (in Latin) (Vatican: Congregation for Bishops) 86: 936–937.
- James, Edward (1980). Visigothic Spain: New Approaches. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-822543-1.
- Collins, Roger (2004). Visigothic Spain, 409–711. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 0-631-18185-7.
- Collins, Roger (1992). "King Leovigild and the Conversion of the Visigoths". Law, Culture, and Regionalism in Early Medieval Spain. Great Yarmouth: Variorum. ISBN 0-86078-308-1. Originally published in El Concilio III de Toledo: XIV Centenario, 589–1989. Toledo: Arzobispado de Toledo, 1991.
- Thompson, E. A. (1969). The Goths in Spain. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-814271-4.
- Thompson, E. A. Romans and Barbarians: The Decline of the Western Empire. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1982. ISBN 0-299-08700-X.
- Pope John Paul II (28 July 1994), "Constitutiones Apostolicae - Emeritensis Augustana-Pacensis", Acta Apostolicae Sedis (in Latin) (Vatican: Congregation for Bishops) 86: 936–937, "Nova constituitur in Hispania Provincia ecclesiastica Emeritensis Augustana - Pacensis et Sedes ad Metropolitanae Ecclesiae statum attollitur".