Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz

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Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz
Archidioecesis Emeritensis Augustanus-Pacensis
Archidiócesis de Mérida-Badajoz
Catedral de Badajoz.jpg
Location
Country Spain
Ecclesiastical province Mérida-Badajoz
Statistics
Area 17,405 km2 (6,720 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2004)
585,290
581,414 (99.3%)
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established 1255 (As Diocese of Badajoz)
28 July 1994 (As Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz)
Cathedral Cathedral of St John the Baptist in Badajoz
Co-cathedral Co-Cathedral of Saint Mary Major, Mérida
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Metropolitan Archbishop Santiago García Aracil
Suffragans Diocese of Coria-Cáceres
Diocese of Plasencia
Emeritus Bishops Antonio Montero Moreno Archbishop Emeritus (1994-2004)
Map
Diocesisdemeridabadajoz.png
Website
Website of the Archdiocese

The diocese of Badajoz was a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Spain, created in 1255. In 1994 it became the Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz.[1]

History[edit]

The Diocese or Archdiocese of Mérida (dioecesis Emeritensis) was a Catholic and Arian see centred on the Spanish city of Mérida during the periods of Roman and Visigothic rule. Mérida was also the provincial capital of Lusitania.

The see prospered in the late 5th century under Zeno, a Greek, who was offered greater authority in order to defend the province from Suevic raids. At about that time the diocese fell under the control of the Visigoths and it remained a Visigothic see until the Moorish conquest of 711. Throughout that period, however, it only ever had two Gothic bishops: Masona and his successor Renovatus in the late sixth and early seventh centuries. In the mid-sixth century the see became the richest in Spain through the private wealth of bishops Paul and Fidelis, Greek uncle and nephew. Under these four, the city was ruled de facto by the bishops independent of the central government, a situation which led to conflict between the Arian king Leovigild and his bishop, Sunna.

The bishopric of Badajoz was erected in 1225, shortly after it was reconquered from the Moors by King Alfonso IX of León. Its first bishop was Don Pedro Perez, appointed by Alfonso X, the Wise. The diocese was suffragan to the archdiocese of Seville, and was bounded on the north by the diocese of Coria, diocese of Plasencia, and diocese of Toledo, on the east by Toledo, the diocese of Ciudad Real, and the diocese of Córdoba, on the south by the archdiocese of Seville, and on the west by Portugal.[2]

On July 28, 1994, Pope John Paul II established the Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz, making the Church of Saint John Baptist his metropolitan cathedral.[3]

Suffragan dioceses[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Badjoz". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.