Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Pondicherry and Cuddalore
|Archdiocese of Pondicherry and Cuddalore
Archidioecesis Pondicheriensis et Cuddalorensis
புதுவை கடலூர் உயர் மறைமாவட்டம்
|Ecclesiastical province||Pondicherry and Cuddalore|
|Area||11,348 km2 (4,381 sq mi)|
|(as of 2010)
|Cathedral||Immaculate Conception Cathedral, Pondicherry|
|Patron saint||Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Antony Anandarayar|
|Vicar General||A. Arulanandam|
|Emeritus Bishops||Rev. Msgr. Michael Augustine|
|Website of the Archdiocese|
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Pondicherry and Cuddalore Latin: Pondicherien(sis) et Cuddaloren(sis) is an archdiocese located in the cities of Pondicherry and Cuddalore in India. The Archdiocese now celebrates its 125 years of being elevated to the status of Archdiocese.
- 1 History
- 2 Bishops and Cardinals from this Archdiocese
- 3 Leadership
- 4 Suffragan dioceses
- 5 See also
- 6 References
With a land area of 11,348 square kilometers, the Archdiocese of Pondicherry-Cuddalore extends over the Pondicherry and Karaikal civil districts of Puducherry union territory and the civil districts of Cuddalore and Viluppuram of Tamil Nadu state. In 2001, the total population of the area was 6,151,891. Ethnic groups in the territory include the Tamils and French.
The Mission of The Jesuits And The Capuchins
The great ancestor of this Archdiocese is the Carnatic Mission, which was started around the year 1700 as Mission sui iuris. This Carnatic Mission was known as Missions of the Coromandel Coast and also as the Malabar Mission.
Before the establishment of the Carnatic Mission in 1700, the Jesuit Fathers of the Madurai Mission, especially John de Britto, entered the Gingee kingdom after 1660, and preached the Gospel up to the Palar River, south of Madras. Members of various religious orders, looked after the spiritual needs of the European communities in their trading centres along the coastal areas, including Cuddalore and Porto Novo. The French Capuchins first settled in Pondicherry in 1674 and the French Jesuits, expelled from Siam also took refuge in Pondicherry in 1688. But, in 1693, the Dutch chased away all the religious groups from Pondicherry, and they were only able to return in 1699. While the Capuchins were looking after the Europeans in Pondicherry, the French Jesuits organized the Carnatic Mission for the Indian people.
The Boundaries Of the Carnatic Mission
The boundaries of the Carnatic mission were as follows:
- To the south and west, the Pennaiyar River, beyond which were the Madurai and Mysore missions
- To the east, the Bay of Bengal
- To the north, Kurnool, including the Krishna and Godavari areas near the coast.
Jesuits Replaced By Foreign Mission Fathers
In 1776, the French Jesuit fathers were replaced at the order of Rome by the foreign Mission French Fathers. Although the Bishop of these new missionaries had all the power of jurisdiction, he was not given the title “Vicar Apostolic”, but instead called the “Superior of the Mission of the Coromandel Coast.” Rome successively gave him the jurisdiction over the Madurai, Coimbatore and Mysore areas, affected by the suppression of the Society of Jesus. By 1800, the extent of the Carnatic Mission was immense, but the labourers were very few.
The First Vicar Apostolic And The First Archbishop
Pondicherry became an apostolic vicariate of the Coromandel coast, on 1 September 1836, with Mgr. Bonnand as its first vicar apostolic. This apostolic vicariate was raised to an archbishopric on 1 September 1886, with Mgr. Laouenan as the first archbishop.
Subsequently, subdivisions of the archdiocese took place, creating the new dioceses of Kumbakonam in 1899 and Salem in 1930. In 1928 a great part of the present diocese of Vellore was separated from Pondicherry and attached to the archdiocese of Madras and Mylapore. On a reorganisation of the archdiocese by Rome in 1969, the Madurantagam taluk of Kanchipuram district was transferred to Madras, and Tiruvannamalai taluk to Vellore .
The Final Formation
As the archdiocese of Pondicherry extended over the Pondicherry union territory and the South Arcot district of Madras State, on 7 August 1953 it was given a new title by Rome: the "Archdiocese of Pondicherry and Cuddalore".
Originally, the archdiocese included the former French settlements of Pondicherry, Karaikal, Chandannagar, Mahe, and Yanam. Another ex-French settlement was also looked after by the MSFS Fathers in Visakhapatnam. Chandannagar was re-allocated to the archdiocese of Calcutta, now Kolkata, and Mahé to the Kerala diocese of Calicut, now Kozhikode, in 1949.
The present archdiocese of Pondicherry and Cuddalore extends over the Pondicherry and Karaikal districts of Puducherry and the Cuddalore (excluding Chidambaram and Kattumannarkoil taluks) and Viluppuram districts of Tamil Nadu.
Bishops and Cardinals from this Archdiocese
There are totally seven bishops of the Roman Catholic church were born in the current jurisdiction of the Archdiocese. They are:
- Most Rev. Dr. Ubagarasamy Bernadeth, Bishop of Coimbatore (1940)
- Most Rev. Dr. Joseph Mark Gopu, Auxiliary Bishop of Pondicherry (1948), Archbishop of Hyderabad (1953)
- Most Rev. Dr. Joseph Thumma, Bishop of Vijayawada (1970)
- Most Rev. Dr. Michael Duraisamy, Bishop of Salem (1974)
- Most Rev. Dr. Michael Augustine, Auxiliary Bishop of Madras-Mylapore (1978), Bishop of Vellore (1981) and Archbishop of Pondicherry (1992)
- Most Rev. Dr. Yvon Ambrose, Bishop of Tuticorin (2005)
- Most Rev. Dr. Peter Abir Antonisamy, Bishop of Sultanpet (2013)
- Most Rev. Dr. Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy (1985)
- Pierre Brigot (1776–1791)
- Nicolas Champenois (1791–1801)
- Louis-Charles-Auguste Hébert (1810–1835)
- Clément Bonnand, M.E.P. (3 April 1850 – 21 March 1861)
- Joseph-Isidore Godelle, M.E.P. (21 March 1861 - 15 July 1867)
- François-Jean-Marie Laouënan, M.E.P. † (24 July 1868 - 29 September 1892)
|1||Archbishop Joseph-Adolphe Gandy, M.E.P.||September 29, 1892||March 25, 1909|
|2||Archbishop Elie-Jean-Joseph Morel, M.E.P.||May 11, 1909||August 16, 1929|
|3||Archbishop Auguste-Siméon Colas, M.E.P.||June 24, 1930||October 28, 1955||Last foreign bishop. Played an important role in forming Catholic Bishops' Conference of India. A region called Colas Nagar ( ) in Puducherry is named after him for the services he rendered for the people of Puducherry.|
|4||Archbishop Ambrose Rayappan||November 28, 1955||March 17, 1973||First Indigenous Archbishop|
|5||Archbishop Venmani S. Selvanather||March 17, 1973||1992||He participated in all four sessions of the Second Vatican Council as Church Father|
|6||Archbishop Michael Augustine||February 18, 1992||June 10, 2004||He was born, ordinated and served as a priest in same diocese. He is the 1st Archbishop of Pondicherry diocese to be named as its own Archbishop.|
|7||Archbishop Antony Anandarayar||June 10, 2004||Present|
Suffragan dioceses under this archdiocese are:
- Archdiocese of Pondicherry and Cuddalore at Catholic Hierarchy
- Archdiocese official website