Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Rossano-Cariati
|Archdiocese of Rossano-Cariati
|Area||1,415 km2 (546 sq mi)|
|(as of 2010)
|Cathedral||Cattedrale di Maria SS. Achiropita (Rossano)|
|Co-cathedral||Concattedrale di S. Michele Arcangelo (Cariati)|
|Patron saints||Maria Achiropita
Nilo da Rossano
|Archbishop||Santo Marcianò; Rev. Fr. Giuseppe Satriano, V.G., is the Archbishop-designate|
The Italian Catholic Archdiocese of Rossano-Cariati (Latin: Archidioecesis Rossanensis-Cariatensis) in Calabria, has existed since 597 beginning as the Diocese of Rossano. It is a suffragan of the archdiocese of Cosenza-Bisignano.
On Tuesday, July 15, 2014, the Vatican's official website (specifically, the Daily Bulletin of the Holy See Press Office, which formally publicly lists any resignations and appointments- which are listed in an annual publication- that the Pope has made and communicated) stated that Pope Francis had appointed the Reverend Father Giuseppe Satriano, V.G., who until now had been serving principally, since 2003, as Vicar General of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brindisi-Ostuni, based in Brindisi, Italy, as the Archbishop-designate of the non-metropolitan Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Rossano-Cariati, based in Rossano, Italy which as stated above is a suffragan see in the Ecclesiastical Province of Cosenza-Bisignano, based in Cosenza, Italy. Once he is ordained Archbishop and then installed in that office, he will succeed the outgoing Archbishop, Santo Marcianò. According to his biographical details listed on the website, Archbishop-designate Satriano was born in Brindisi on September 8, 1960. He studied at the Liceo Scientifico di Brindisi, and then joined the Regional Seminary in Molfetta, Italy, where he completed the requisite studies for ordination to the Catholic priesthood, which took place on September 28, 1985, for the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brindisi-Ostuni. In 2006, he joined the Institute 'Regina Apostolorum' in Rome, Italy, where he earned a Licentiate (post-Master's degree) in Bioethics. Along with his position as the Archdiocese of Brindisi-Ostuni's Vicar General, he has also served concurrently as Episcopal Vicar for Clergy and Consecrated Life; Chaplain of the Tourist Village "Rosa Marina" of Ostuni; Assistant of the Missionaries of the Kingship, along with a few other concurrent positions. Since 2006, he is an Assistant to the Serra Club of Brindisi, and since 2007, Secretary General of (an unspecified, presumably the Archdiocesan) Synod.
In 982 Emperor Otto II captured Rossano temporarily from the Byzantines, who had made it the capital of their possessions in Southern Italy. It preserved its Greek character long after its conquest by the Normans.
The first known bishop of this see is Valerianus, Bishop of the "Ecclesia Rosana" in the Roman Council of 680. Cappelletti, however, names a certain Saturninus as first bishop.
In 1460, the Diocese was elevated to an Archdiocese immediately subject to the Holy See. The famous Codex Rossanensis was discovered in 1879 in the cathedral sacristy, see Batiffol (below). On February 13, 1919, the Diocese had territory transferred to create the Eparchy of Lungro for the Italo-Albanian Catholic Church. On April 4, 1979, the Archdiocese was merged with the Diocese of Cariati to become the Archdiocese of Rossano e Cariati. On September 9, 1986, the Archdiocese was rename to Archdiocese of Rossano–Cariati On January 30, 2001, the Archdiocese of Cosenza-Bisignano was elevated to a Metropolitan See with Rossano-Cariati as a suffragan diocese.
In the tenth century, or perhaps earlier, the Greek Rite was introduced at Rossano, and continued until the sixteenth century, although two attempts were made to introduce the Latin Rite — once in 1092, and again by Bishop Matteo de' Saraceni in 1460. Priests of the Latin Rite, however, were often appointed bishops. The Greek Rite was maintained especially by the seven Basilian monasteries in the diocese, the most famous of which was Santa Maria in Patiro. In 1571 the Greek Rite was abandoned in the cathedral, and half a century afterwards throughout the city.
Among the archbishops were:
- Juan Rodríguez de Fonseca (1519-1524), architect of the colonization of New Spain;
- Vincenzo Pimpinella (1525), nuncio to Germany;
- Giovanni Battista Castagna (1553), afterwards Pope Urban VII;
- Lucio Sanseverino;
- Pier Antonio Spinelli (1628) and Jacopo Carafa (1646), both of whom restored and embellished the cathedral.
Diocese of Turio
The archdiocese includes the ancient Diocese of Turio (Thurii), a city which arose after the destruction of Sybaris; five of its bishops are known, the first being Giovanni (501) and the last Guglielmo (1170).
- Cheney, David M. "Archdiocese of Rossano-Cariati". All Dioceses. catholic-hierarchy.org. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "Archdiocese of Rossano–Cariati". Catholic Dioceses in the World. GCatholic.org. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
- "Rossano". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- Cheney, David M. "Archdiocese of Cosenza-Bisignano". All Dioceses. catholic-hierarchy.org. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- Cappelletti, Le Chieze d'Italia, XXI;
- Battifol, L'abbaye de Rossano (Paris, 1891)
- Gay, Les dioceses de Calabre a l'epoque byzantine (Macon, 1900)