Roman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland
|Diocese of Cleveland
|Territory||The counties of Ashland, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Summit and Wayne in Northern Ohio.|
|Area||3,414 sq mi (8,840 km2)|
|(as of 2006)
|Established||April 23, 1847 (167 years ago)|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist|
|Patron saint||St. John the Evangelist|
|Bishop||Richard Gerard Lennon|
|Emeritus Bishops||Anthony Michael Pilla (diocesan bishop emeritus); Roger William Gries O.S.B. (auxiliary bishop emeritus)|
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland (Latin: Dioecesis Clevelandensis) is a Roman Catholic diocese in Ohio. It was erected on April 23, 1847 by Pope Pius IX. The diocese lost territory in 1910 when the Diocese of Toledo was erected by Pope Pius X, and in 1943 when the Diocese of Youngstown was erected by Pope Pius XII. It is currently the seventeenth largest diocese in the United States by population, encompassing the counties of Ashland, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Summit, and Wayne.
There are about 710,000 Catholics in the Diocese of Cleveland, which contains 185 parishes, 22 Catholic high schools, 3 Catholic hospitals, 3 universities, 2 shrines (St. Paul Shrine Church and St. Stanislaus Church), and 2 seminaries (Centers for Pastoral Leadership). The diocese's cathedral is the Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist, located in downtown Cleveland. As of January 1, 2012, there were 257 active priests and 500 nuns in the diocese.
On Saturday, March 14, 2009, it was announced that 52 parishes in the diocese would be closed or merged (29 parishes closing, 42 parishes merging to form 18 new parishes) due to the shortage of priests, declining numbers of parishioners in some parishes, the migration of Catholic populations to the suburbs and out of the city cores, and financial difficulties in some parishes. A number of parish schools in the diocese were also closed or merged due to declining enrollment, and financial difficulties.
As of Sunday July 4, 2010, there were 173 parishes in the diocese. Letters to all of the parishes from Bishop Richard Gerard Lennon giving his decision on what parishes and schools were closing or merging, and which parishes and schools would remain open, were read to the parishioners by the church pastors at the Saturday Vigil Mass on Saturday March 14, 2009, and at all Sunday Masses on Sunday March 15, 2009. Hardest hit by the closings were downtown Cleveland, downtown Akron, downtown Lorain, and downtown Elyria. Parishioners of twelve of the parishes then sent appeals to the Congregation for the Clergy in Rome.
On March 8, 2012, the Vatican overturned 12 of the church closings (9 in the Greater Cleveland area, 1 in Lorain and 2 in Akron) because the Vatican says that Bishop Richard Gerard Lennon did not follow procedure or canon law in that he did not consult with the priest advisors, and he did not issue a formal mandate for the closing of the churches. In the mean time, according to canon law, the 12 closed churches were ordered to be reopened, and be available to parishioners. On April 10, 2012, Bishop Richard Gerard Lennon announced that he was not going to appeal the decision of the Vatican to the Apostolic Signatura in Rome, thus paving the way for the 12 churches to be reopened. This mandate was implemented starting on June 10, 2012, raising the number of parishes in the diocese from 173 parishes to 185 parishes.
The Diocese of Cleveland has had ten ordinaries:
- Louis Amadeus Rappe (1847–1870)
- Richard Gilmour (1872–1891)
- Ignatius Frederick Horstmann (1891–1908)
- John Patrick Farrelly (1909–1921)
- Joseph Schrembs (1921–1945); later created archbishop ad personam by Pope Pius XII in 1939
- Edward Francis Hoban (1945–1966); later created archbishop ad personam by Pope Pius XII in 1951
- Clarence George Issenmann (1966–1974)
- James Aloysius Hickey (1974–1980); later appointed Archbishop of Washington; elevated to Cardinal in 1988
- Anthony Michael Pilla (1980–2006); retired, now Bishop Emeritus
- Richard Gerard Lennon (since 2006)
The Diocese of Cleveland has had numerous Auxiliary Bishops:
- Joseph Maria Koudelka (1907–1911) appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Milwaukee died
- James A. McFadden (1932–1943) appointed Bishop of Youngstown died
- Edward Francis Hoban (Coadjutor Bishop 1942–1945) succeeded died
- William Michael Cosgrove (1943–1968) appointed Bishop of Belleville died
- John Raphael Hagan (April – September 1946) died
- Floyd Lawrence Begin (1947–1962) appointed Bishop of Oakland died
- John Joseph Krol (1953–1961) appointed Archbishop of Philadelphia, elevated to Cardinal in 1967 died
- Clarence George Issenmann (1954–1957) appointed Bishop of Columbus died
- Clarence Edward Elwell (1962–1968) appointed Bishop of Columbus died
- John Francis Whealon (1961–1966) appointed Bishop of Erie died
- Clarence George Issenmann (Coadjutor Bishop 1964-1966) succeeded died
- Gilbert Ignatius Sheldon (1976–1992) appointed Bishop of Steubenville died
- Michael Joseph Murphy (1976–1978) appointed Bishop of Erie died
- James Anthony Griffin (1979–1983) appointed Bishop of Columbus
- James Patterson Lyke O.F.M. (1979–1990) appointed Archbishop of Atlanta died
- Anthony Michael Pilla (1979–1980) appointed Bishop of Cleveland, now Bishop Emeritus
- Anthony Edward Pevec (1982–2001) retired
- Alexander James Quinn (1983–2008) died
- Martin John Amos (2001–2006) appointed Bishop of Davenport
- Roger William Gries O.S.B. (2001–2013) retired
In recent years, each Auxiliary Bishop has been assigned to a region in the Diocese—Bishop Gries in the Center City and Eastern Regions, and Bishop Amos was in the Akron Region until his appointment to Davenport. Bishop Edward Pevec governed the Eastern Region until his retirement in 2001.
Additionally, the following men began the service as priests in the Diocese of Cleveland (the years in parenthesis refer to their years in Cleveland):
- John Patrick Carroll, Bishop of Helena (1889–1904) died
- Thomas Charles O'Reilly, Bishop of Scranton (1898–1927) died
- Edward Mooney, Archbishop of Detroit (1909–1926)died
- Charles Hubert Le Blond, Bishop of Saint Joseph (1909–1933) died
- Michael Joseph Ready, Bishop of Columbus (1918–1944) died
- John Patrick Treacy, Bishop of La Crosse (1918–1945) died
- Joseph Patrick Hurley, Archbishop ad personam and Bishop of Saint Augustine (1919–1940)
- John Francis Dearden, Archbishop of Detroit (1932–1948) died
- Paul John Hallinan, Archbishop of Atlanta (1937–1958) died
- Raymond Joseph Gallagher, Bishop of Lafayette (1939–1965) died
- Timothy P. Broglio, Titular Archbishop and Apostolic Nuncio to the Dominican Republic (1977–2001) Appointed Archbishop for the Military Services of the United States, 2008.
A listing of all Catholic high schools in the Diocese. Note that not all are actually operated by the Diocese.
- Archbishop Hoban High School, Akron/Summit County (Co-ed), (Holy Cross)
- Beaumont School, Cleveland Heights/Cuyahoga County (Girls), (Ursuline)
- Benedictine High School, Cleveland/Cuyahoga County (Boys), (Benedictine)1941
- Cleveland Central Catholic High School, Cleveland/Cuyahoga County (Co-ed)1969, (Diocese of Cleveland)
- Elyria Catholic High School, Elyria/Lorain County (Co-ed), (Diocese of Cleveland)
- Gilmour Academy, Gates Mills/Cuyahoga County(Co-ed), (Holy Cross), (Boarding School)
- Holy Name High School, Parma Heights/Cuyahoga County (Co-ed), (Diocese of Cleveland)
- Lake Catholic High School, Mentor/Lake County (Co-ed), (Diocese of Cleveland)
- Magnificat High School, Rocky River/Cuyahoga County (Girls), (Sisters of the Humility of Mary)
- Notre Dame-Cathedral Latin High School, Chardon/Geauga County (Co-ed), (Sisters of Notre Dame)
- Our Lady of the Elms High School, Akron/Summit County (Girls), (Sisters of St. Dominic)
- Padua Franciscan High School, Parma/Cuyahoga County (Co-ed/Cuyahoga County), (Franciscan) 1961
- St. Edward High School, Lakewood/Cuyahoga County (Boys), (Holy Cross)
- St. Ignatius High School, Cleveland/Cuyahoga County (Boys) (Jesuit)
- St. Joseph Academy, Cleveland/Cuyahoga County (Girls), (Sisters of St. Joseph)
- St. Martin de Porres High School, Cleveland/Cuyahoga County (Co-ed), (Jesuit)
- St. Peter Chanel High School, Bedford/Cuyahoga County (Co-ed)(Marist Father 1957-94)1957, Currently (Diocese of Cleveland)
- St. Vincent – St. Mary High School, Akron/Summit County (Co-ed), (Diocese of Cleveland)
- Trinity High School, Garfield Heights/Cuyahoga County (Co-ed), (Sisters of Saint Joseph of the Third Order of Saint Francis)1973.
- Villa Angela-St. Joseph High School, Cleveland/Cuyahoga County (Co-ed).(Diocese of Cleveland)
- Walsh Jesuit High School, Cuyahoga Falls/Summit County (Co-ed), (Jesuit)
Catholic radio stations
- WILB "Living Bread Radio" 1060 AM,a daytimer in Canton (with streaming audio)
- WVSG "St. Gabriel Radio"" 820 AM in Columbus (the former WOSU (AM)) which can be heard in portions of the Diocese,plus an audiostream and podcasts.
- Diocese of Cleveland Reconfiguration Office. Retrieved on 2009-03-25.
- Diocese of Cleveland Reconfiguration Office - List of Closing/Merging Parishes. Retrieved on 2009-03-25.
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