Roman Catholic Diocese of Guadix
|Diocese of Guadix
Diócesis de Guadix
|Area||5,577 km2 (2,153 sq mi)|
|(as of 2006)
|Cathedral||Cathedral of Our Lady of the Annunciation in Guadix|
|Co-cathedral||Co-Cathedral of Our Lady of the Incarnation in Baza|
|Bishop||Ginés Ramón García Beltrán|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Francisco Javier Martínez Fernández|
|Website of the Diocese|
- Juan García-Santacruz Ortiz (1992-2009)
Don Martin Perez de Ayala (1538-1560)
The legend of the Seven Apostolic Men preserved in the Mozarabic Missal places the episcopal see of St. Torquatus, one of the seven, in Acci, now called Guadix el Viejo, 6 km northwest of the modern city of Guadix. The matron Luparia built a baptistery and primitive church. From then until 303, when Felix presided at the Council of Elvira, no record is preserved of the Accitanian bishops.
Liliolus attended the Third Council of Toledo in 589, and the names of the Accitanian bishops are to be found among those who attended the other Toletan councils; Clarencius at the fourth and fifth; Justus at the sixth; Julian at the eighth; Magnarius at the ninth and tenth; and Ricila, the last bishop whose name has come down to us before the Muslim invasion, at subsequent ones.
The Almohades, in the 12th century, destroyed this together with the other Andalusian sees; it was not restored until the time of the Catholic sovereigns. Cardinal Pedro González de Mendoza, Archbishop of Toledo, erected the new see of Guadix on 21 May 1492, in virtue of the Apostolic commission of Innocent VIII granted on 4 August 1486. It comprised the territory of the old dioceses of Acci and Basti. The collegiate church at Baza, the new name of Basti, was reluctant to accept rule from Guadix. As a compromise, the collegiate church was given authority, under the bishop, over twelve parishes, and the name of the diocese was changed to that of Guadix-Baza, indicating a union of two dioceses under a single bishop. This continued until 1851, when the collegiate church became a simple parish church and the diocese resumed the name of Diocese of Guadix.
The modern cathedral of Guadix, on the site occupied by the principal mosque, was commenced in 1710 and completed in 1796. The Seminary of St Torquatus was founded by Bishop Juan José Fonseca in 1595; Charles IV of Spain founded a hospice in 1803, and the ancient Jesuit college had become a hospital before the early 20th century.
By right of postliminium, the apostolic rank possessed by the see of Acci previous to the Islamic invasion is attributed to that of Guadix. The Annuario Pontificio gives the date of foundation of the diocese of Guadix as 1st century. However, it also lists the ancient see of Acci as a titular see (one that no longer has a residential bishop), thus distinguishing it from the bishopric of Guadix.
- Ramón Ruiz Amadó, "Guadix" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1914)
- Roger Collins, Caliphs and Kings (John Wiley & Sons 2012 ISBN 978-1-11827399-9)
- Bibliothèque sacrée, ou Dictionnaire universel, t. XI, Paris 1823, pp. 356–361
- Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 2, p. 162
- Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 3
- Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 277
- Annuario Pontificio 2013, p. 823