Roman Catholic Diocese of Iași

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Diocese of Iaşi
Dioecesis Iasensis
Episcopia de Iaşi
Catedrala Sfânta Maria Regină din Iaşi.jpg
Holy Queen Mary Cathedral, Iaşi
Country Romania
Ecclesiastical province Bucharest
Metropolitan Archdiocese of Bucharest
Area 46,378 km2 (17,907 sq mi)
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
234,211 (5.5%)
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Roman Rite
Established 27 June 1884
Cathedral Holy Queen Mary Cathedral, Iaşi
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Petru Gherghel
Metropolitan Archbishop Ioan Robu
Auxiliary Bishops Aurel Percă
Website of the Diocese

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Iaşi, Romania was established on 27 June 1884. A diocese had been set up at Siret by Pope Urban V in 1370, due to work done by Franciscans and Dominicans; its seat was transferred to Bacău at the beginning of the 15th century. Abandoned in 1497 due to Muslim persecutions, the See of Bacău was re-established in 1611, and had a succession of twenty prelates until 1789, when it was suppressed. The Catholics of Moldavia were then placed under the spiritual direction of Apostolic prefects, generally chosen from the Conventuals in charge of the mission. In 1884, Pope Leo XIII raised to a diocese the Apostolic Vicariate of Moldavia, with Iaşi as residence.

The diocese covers the Romanian region of Moldavia—the counties of Suceava, Botoşani, Neamţ, Iaşi, Bacău, Vaslui, Vrancea and Galaţi, of which 5.2% are Roman Catholic, with concentrations around Bacău and Roman. Its adherents are predominantly Romanian, with small Csángó and Polish communities. It is subordinate to the Bucharest Archdiocese. Its bishop since 1990 has been Petru Gherghel, previously Apostolic Administrator since 1978.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. 

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