Roman Catholic Diocese of Locri-Gerace

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Diocese of Locri-Gerace
Dioecesis Locrensis-Hieracensis
Gerace Cattedrale.jpg
Co-cathedral in Gerace
Location
Country Italy
Ecclesiastical province Reggio Calabria-Bova
Statistics
Area 1,248 km2 (482 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2004)
134,043
132,511 (98.9%)
Parishes 73
Information
Denomination Catholic Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established 5th century
Cathedral Cattedrale di S. Maria del Mastro (Locri)
Co-cathedral Concattedrale di S. Maria Assunta (Gerace)
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Francesco Oliva
Map
Roman Catholic Diocese of Locri-Gerace in Italy.svg
Website
www.diocesilocri.it

The Italian Catholic Diocese of Locri-Gerace (Latin: Dioecesis Locrensis-Hieracensis ) is in Calabria. It is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Reggio Calabria-Bova.

Historically it was the Diocese of Gerace, becoming in 1954 the Diocese of Gerace-Locri and taking the current name in 1986.[1]

History[edit]

Gerace probably owes its origin, or at least its importance, to the ruin of the town of Locri Epizephyrii, one of the earliest Greek colonies in Lower Italy, founded by the Ozolian Locrians (684-680 B.C.) and endowed with a code of laws by Zaleucus. Before its total ruin, Locri Epizephrii had a bishop of its own; but in 709, under Bishop Gregory, the see was transferred to Gerace.

The name Gerace is probably derived from Saint Cyriaca, whose church was destroyed by the Saracens in 915. They captured the town in 986, but in 1059 it fell into the hands of the Normans.

Until 1467 the Greek Rite was in use at Gerace, and such had probably been the custom from the beginning. As early as the thirteenth century efforts were made to introduce the Latin Rite, which accounts for the schism between Latins and Greeks about 1250-1253. The latter demanded as bishop the monk Bartenulfo, a Greek, whereas Pope Innocent IV, in 1253, appointed Marco Leone. In 1467, bishop Atanasio Calceofilo introduced the Latin Rite.

Other bishops were:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Catholic Hierarchy page
  2. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia article, Gerace

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.