Roman Catholic Diocese of Mainz
|Diocese of Mainz
|Metropolitan||Archdiocese of Freiburg|
|Area||7,692 km2 (2,970 sq mi)|
|(as of 2013)
|Patron saint||St. Martin of Tours|
Bishop of Mainz
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Archbishop of Freiburg|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Ulrich Neymeyr|
|Emeritus Bishops||Franziskus Eisenbach|
The Diocese of Mainz is a diocese of the Catholic church in Germany, historically known in English by its French name of Mayence. It was created in 1802 with the abolition of the old Archbishopric of Mainz. The diocese is suffragan to the Archdiocese of Freiburg. Its district is located in the states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Hesse. The seat of the diocese is in Mainz at the Cathedral dedicated to Saints Martin and Stephen.
- 1 Organizational structure
- 2 Bishops of Mainz, 1802-present
- 3 Education
- 4 Affiliated bishops
- 5 Culture and sights
- 6 Perpetual liturgical calendar
- 7 Literature
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Bishop and cathedral chapter
Under Article 14 of the Reichskonkordat of 1933, which remains in force, the determination of the bishop to head the episcopal see and the composition of the chapter are governed by the provisions of Baden Concordat of 1932.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Mainz comprises an area of 7692 square kilometers. It is divided into 20 deaneries, which in turn are divided into 136 pastoral care units. This parish associations or parish groups include all 335 parishes and other chaplaincies of the diocese (as of 2007). Pastoral units on the parish level have been introduced as a result of a profound structural change in the Catholic Church in Germany in many dioceses, the constitution of these units was determined by particular law [law of a particular region or territory], i.e., allowing for differences from one diocese to another. In the diocese of Mainz a parish group may be several parishes merged under the leadership of a single pastor. The parishes retain their church and state church legal personality. The pastor is attached to a pastoral team and a pastoral council. Parish associations, however, are combinations of several parishes, each with its own pastor. Several parish groups can join together to form a parochial associations.
Bishops of Mainz, 1802-present
- Joseph Ludwig Colmar 1802-1818
- Joseph Vitus Burg 1829-1833
- Johann Jakob Humann 1833-1834
- Petrus Leopold Kaiser 1834-1848
- Wilhelm Emmanuel Freiherr von Ketteler 1850-1877
- Paul Leopold Haffner 1886-1899
- Heinrich Brück 1900-1903
- Georg Heinrich Kirstein 1903-1921
- Ludwig Maria Hugo 1921-1935
- Albert Stohr 1935-1961
- Hermann Volk 1962-1982
- Karl Lehmann 1983-
Catholic Private Schools
The most important educational institution of the Diocese is the Catholic University of Applied Sciences, Mainz. Besides the Roman Catholic Diocese of Mainz and the (arch)dioceses of Cologne, Limburg, Speyer and Trier belong to the initiators of this university . There are also other schools as the Edith-Stein-Schule in Darmstadt, Liebfrauenschule in Bensheim, the Episcopal Willigis-Gymnasium in Mainz, Abendgymnasium Ketteler of Mainz and the Episcopal College Willigis secondary school in Mainz.
Facilities at state universities
The diocese maintains three facilities at state universities. The most important of them is the Catholic Theological Faculty at the University of Mainz. In addition, there are at University of Giessen, the Institute for Catholic theology and their didactics, which is located at the Department of History and Cultural Studies. At the Technische Universität Darmstadt is an institute for theology and social ethics.
Bildungswerk der Diözese Mainz
The Bildungswerk der Diözese Mainz (educational works of the diocese of Mainz) promotes "... the church's adult education in the diocese from the parish to the diocesan level ..." The Bildungswerk is also a member of the Catholic Adult Education Hesse - Regional Working Group.
Other educational institutions
Culture and sights
Cathedral and Major basilicas
- Mainz Cathedral
- Worms Cathedral
- Basilica of St. Martin, Bingen
- Basilica of Sts. Marcellinus and Petrus, Seligenstadt
- Basilica of the Immaculate Conception, Sts. Peter and Paul, Ilbenstadt
Other well-known churches
- St. Stephen's Church, Mainz with Chagall windows
- St. Ludwig, Darmstadt, dome of Neoclassicism
- Collegiate church, Pfaffen-Schwabenheim
- Church of Our Lady, Worms
- Chapel of St. Roch, Bingen
Perpetual liturgical calendar
Internal feasts of the diocese are:
- 5. Januar: John Neumann, Catholic priest, Redemptorist and the fourth Bishop of Philadelphia
- 4. Februar: Rabanus Maurus, Frankish Benedictine monk, the archbishop of Mainz
- 14. Februar: Valentine of Terni, 3rd-century Christian martyr
- 23. Februar: Saint Willigis, Archbishop of Mainz as well as statesman of the Holy Roman Empire.
- 27. April: Petrus Canisius, important Jesuit Catholic priest who supported the Catholic faith during the Protestant Reformation in Germany
- 15. Mai: Rupert of Bingen, patron saint of pilgrims.
- 2. Juni: Marcellinus and Peter were two 4th century Christian martyrs in the city of Rome.
- 5. Juni: Boniface, leading figure in the Anglo-Saxon mission to the German parts of the Frankish Empire.
- 10. Juni: Bardo of Mainz, presided over the Synod of Mainz in 1049 which denounced simony and priest marriage.
- 21. Juni: Alban of Mainz, priest, missionary, and martyr.
- 27. Juni: Creszenz, Aureus, Theonest saints venerated by the Church of Mainz.
- 4. Juli: anniversary of the consecration of Mainz cathedral
- 1. August: Peter Faber, the first Jesuit priest and theologian, co-founder of the Society of Jesus.
- 16. August: Rochus of Montpellier, Christian saint, confessor, specially invoked against the plague.
- 6. September: Anniversary of the consecration of churches who do not know the day of their consecration
- 17. September: Hildegard of Bingen, writer, composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, Benedictine abbess, visionary, and polymath.
- 28. September: Leoba, Anglo-Saxon nun who was part of Boniface's mission to the Germans
- 16. Oktober: Lullus, first permanent archbishop of Mainz, succeeding Saint Boniface
- 26. Oktober: Amandus of Straßburg, confessor, first bishop of Straßburg.
- 29. Oktober: Ferrutius, roman soldier, martyr in Mogontiacum,
- 11. November: Martin of Tours, soldier, later Bishop of Tours
- 27. November: Bilihildis, Frankish noblewoman, remembered as the founder and abbess of the monastery of Altmünster near Mainz
- Stefan Burkhardt, Mit Stab und Schwert. Bilder, Träger und Funktionen erzbischöflicher Herrschaft zur Zeit Kaiser Friedrich Barbarossas. Die Erzbistümer Köln und Mainz im Vergleich. Thorbecke, Ostfildern, 2008
- Friedhelm Jürgensmeier: Das Bistum Mainz. Von der Römerzeit bis zum II. Vatikanischen Konzil, Knecht Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, 1988, ISBN 3-7820-0570-8
- Hans Werner Nopper, Die vorbonifatianischen Mainzer Bischöfe. Mülheim, 2001
- Franz Usinger, Das Bistum Mainz unter französischer Herrschaft (1798-1814). Falk, Mainz, 1911