Roman Catholic Diocese of Oakland
|Diocese of Oakland
Cathedral of Christ the Light, Oakland
|Territory||Counties of Alameda and Contra Costa|
|Ecclesiastical province||Archdiocese of San Francisco|
|Established||January 13, 1962|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of Christ the Light|
|Patron saint||Blessed Virgin Mary, St. Francis de Sales|
|Bishop||Michael C. Barber, SJ|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Salvatore Cordileone|
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Oakland (Latin: Dioecesis Quercopolitana) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Northern California. The diocese comprises Alameda and Contra Costa Counties in the San Francisco Bay Area. The Cathedral of Christ the Light serves as the bishop's seat, replacing the Cathedral of Saint Francis de Sales which was demolished after the Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989.
Once a part of the Archdiocese of San Francisco, the Diocese of Oakland remains a suffragan of the ecclesiastical province of San Francisco. Its fellow suffragans include the dioceses of Honolulu, Las Vegas, Reno, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Jose, Santa Rosa and Stockton.
The diocese has suffered from Catholic sex abuse cases which were brought forward by parishioners against some of its priests. From 1994 through 2009, the diocese paid $60.5 million to its victims of sexual abuse, the largest payments being made in 2004 and 2005.
The first known Mass celebrated in the area that is to become the Diocese of Oakland was on March 27, 1772, by Father Juan Crespí on the shores of Lake Merritt. Twenty five years later, Mission San José was established in what is now Fremont, becoming the first parish in the area. Within time, Mission San José became the most prosperous of the California Missions and after secularization by the Mexican government the mission remained an integral part of area with many of the early pioneer families sharing close ties with the mission.
In the 1820s the Peralta family, landowners of much of what would become Alameda County, built a chapel on the grounds of Rancho San Antonio in present-day Oakland. The chapel was served by priests from the mission and was called Saint Anthony's chapel.
The area came under episcopal control in 1840 with the establishment of the Diocese of the Two Californians. After the Mexican–American War in 1850, the diocese was split in two with the Diocese of Monterey in California administering the areas under American control. In 1853 Joseph Sadoc Alemany, the Bishop of Monterey, moved his seat to San Francisco and became the first Archbishop of San Francisco. At the time Mission San José was the only parish in the East Bay.
In 1858, Archbishop Alemany sent Father James Croke to establish a parish in Oakland. Fr. Croke founded St. Mary, Immaculate Conception at Eighth and Jefferson Streets.
By the turn of the twentieth century many parishes were formed in Berkeley, Fremont, Livermore, Hayward, Oakland and San Leandro to reflect the growing populations in the East Bay. After World War II rapid growth in the San Francisco region led Pope John XXIII to establish the Diocese of Oakland in 1962 from the eastern portion of the San Francisco Archdiocese. Saint Frances de Sales was established as the diocesan mother church and Floyd Begin of Cleveland, Ohio was installed as Oakland's first bishop.
In the following decades the Cathedral of Saint Francis de Sales developed a national reputation for a lively liturgies and social ministries. The cathedral parish was also known for its excellence in music, developing what was called the "Oakland Cathedral Sound". Unfortunately, the cathedral church suffered damage in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. The diocese deemed the repairs too costly (estimates were at $8 million for both the Cathedral and Sacred Heart Church) and instead opted to demolish the churches.
In May 2005, ground was broken for the new $131 million Cathedral of Christ the Light, located on the shores of Lake Merritt in Oakland. The new cathedral opened in 2008 with a new parish formed out of the then cathedral parish of Saint Mary-Saint Francis de Sales.
Child molestation scandals
At least 64 Roman Catholic clergy members accused of molesting children have served in 61 of the 86 parishes in the Oakland Diocese, and in all seven of the Diocese's male-run high schools. The Diocese has only acknowledged 12 of the molesters, according to a 2008 MediaNews analysis of court and church records.
Nine diocesan clergy have been accused of molesting four or more children each, according to Dan McNevin of Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests (SNAP), and court records. Monsignor Vincent Breen was accused of abusing at least fifteen girls, and Monsignor George Francis nine girls. Reverend James Clark was accused of abusing four children, Reverend Arthur Ribeiro four, Reverend Robert Freitas five, Reverend Gary Tollner six, Reverend Robert Ponciroli eight, Reverend Donald Broderson eleven, and Reverend Stephen Kiesle fifteen. One of the victims, Linda Chapin, was awarded $3 million in a 2004 settlement reached with the Diocese, related to her accusation that George Francis raped her "ritualistically and sadistically" several times beginning when she was six years old. Francis died in 1998. Upon winning her settlement, Chapin called upon the Diocese to "name all the priests that there are credible allegations against."
In 2005, Tim Stier, priest at the Corpus Christi Catholic Church in Fremont, California, stepped down from his 25-year service with the Oakland diocese in protest of its failure to address sexuality problems in priests. Stier described the diocese as hiding or ignoring the child sex abuse cases, and not holding its leaders accountable. He said, "It's not as if I'm a perfect person and I don't have weaknesses and sin. But there is a level of dishonesty and arrogance in this that just tells me we need systemic, radical change." Stier has since endorsed such innovations as female priests, married priests, openly gay priests and married gay priests.
In 2010, Stephen Kiesle was accused of abusing an 11-year-old girl, Teresa Rosson, from 1972, the year he was ordained, until 2001, two decades after he had been removed from the priesthood. Kiesle married Rosson's mother in 1982. In 1978, Kiesle had pleaded no contest to a misdemeanor charge of lewd conduct for tying up and molesting two boys in a church rectory and was removed from his duties as a priest. From 1985 to 1988, Kiesle volunteered as a youth minister in a parish in Pinole, but was removed after a worker in the Diocese's Office of Youth Ministry complained. Kiesle was formally defrocked in 1987. Eight of Kiesle's victims settled with the Diocese in 2005 for between $1 million and $1.5 million each, part of a total of $56 million in settlements paid out by the Diocese that year to those who had been abused, and more than a quarter of a million in therapy for victims. Diocese-owned insurance policies covered some 57% of these payments. Kiesle was sentenced to six years in prison; some of the charges were dropped because they were beyond the legal statute of limitations. He was returned to prison for four months for possessing pornography in violation of his parole.
In October 2008, Bishop Allen Henry Vigneron opened a Healing Garden at the Cathedral of Christ the Light, dedicated to victims of clergy sexual abuse. From 1994 through 2009, the Diocese paid $60.5 million to its victims of sexual abuse.
In April 2012, the Catholic News Agency (CNA), in an online news story article with EWTN News, stated that the California Supreme Court, in an opinion written by California's Chief Justice, Tani Cantil-Sakauye, ruled that a 1-year extension that had run out on the expired statute of limitations prevented six brothers of the Quarry family from suing the Archdiocese over early 1970s molestation cases, in which the defendant was removed from the priesthood (1990s) and is deceased (2010), given that the claim is now too stale to be adequately defended against because of degradation in evidence.
Today, the Diocese of Oakland serves an estimated 560,000 Catholics in the East Bay region. As the Bay Area is known for a diverse population the diocese celebrates mass in fifteen different languages including Spanish, American Sign Language, Vietnamese, Filipino and Latin (Mass of Paul VI and Tridentine Mass).
The diocesan Department of Catholic Schools administers over forty seven elementary/middle schools and nine high schools serving over 19,000 students. Some of the more notable schools include De La Salle High School, known nationally as a football powerhouse, St. Joseph Notre Dame High School in Alameda, known as having state championship basketball teams, Bishop O'Dowd High School, and Salesian High School.
In addition to the elementary and high schools, seven Universities and Seminaries are located within Diocese of Oakland, these include:
- Affiliates of the Graduate Theological Union
The Diocese of Oakland is led by a bishop who serves as ordinary. The first bishop was installed in 1962, appointed from the Diocese of Cleveland. Thus far, five persons have served as Bishop of Oakland. A former vicar general of Oakland was appointed by Pope Benedict XVI as Bishop of Honolulu. Bishop Allen Vigneron's promotion to Archbishop of Detroit in January 2009, the diocese's interim administrator, Rev. Daniel E. Danielson, Bishop Salvatore Cordileone named the fourth Bishop of Oakland by Pope Benedict XVI on March 23, 2009. The Most Rev. Alexander Brunett, archbishop emeritus of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Seattle, served as apostolic administrator of the diocese, during the sede vacante period following Cordileone's installation in San Francisco  until the installation of Bishop Barber.
Bishops of Oakland
- The Most Rev. Floyd Lawrence Begin (1962–1977), deceased.
- The Most Rev. John Stephen Cummins (1977–2003), retired.
- The Most Rev. Allen Henry Vigneron (2003–2009), Archbishop of Detroit.
- The Most Rev. Salvatore Cordileone (2009–2012), Archbishop of San Francisco.
- The Most Rev. Michael C. Barber, SJ (2013–present)
Bishops from Oakland
- The Most Rev. Clarence Richard Silva, Bishop of Honolulu (2005–present) and former Vicar General of Oakland (2003–2005)
- De La Salle High School (1965) Concord
- Bishop O'Dowd High School (1951) Oakland
- Christ the King Catholic School (1961) Pleasant Hill
- Moreau Catholic High School (1965) Hayward
- St. Elizabeth High School (1912) Oakland
- St. Joseph Notre Dame High School (1881) Alameda
- St. Mary's College High School (1863, San Francisco) Berkeley
- Salesian High School (1960) Richmond
- Dennis, Rob; Jeremy Herb, Matthew Artz and Chris De Benedetti (March 30, 2008). InsideBayArea. "Sins, secrets and denial: Diocese underreported scope of abuse allegations". The Oakland Tribune (Bay Area News Group). Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- Burress, Charles (January 26, 2004). "CA woman makes plea to victims of clergy abuse: Diocese of Oakland has agreed to pay her $3 million". San Francisco Chronicle (www.snapnetwork.org). Retrieved September 4, 2010.
- Jones, Jonathan (November 28, 2005). "Questioning Tradition Leads to Priest's Exile". Inside Bay Area (Fremont, California: bishop-accountability.org). Retrieved September 4, 2010.
- "What You Won't Hear in Your Parish", T. Stier, Apr. 7, 2010
- Woodall, Angela (August 18, 2010). "Two lawsuits filed against Diocese of Oakland". Oakland Tribune. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
- Flaccus, Gillian (April 10, 2010). "Future pope resisted efforts to remove priest: Letter cites man's youth, need for review". The Boston Globe (Associated Press). Retrieved September 4, 2010.
- Hollyfield, Amy (April 9, 2010). "Former Bishop sends letter to defrock Stephen Kiesle". KGO-TV (ABC). Retrieved September 4, 2010.
- Cordileone, Salvatore (April 26, 2010). "Bishop details local, Vatican actions in Kiesle case". The Catholic Voice (Oakland) 48 (8).
- "Defrocked Priest Recently Spent Four Months in Prison on Parole Violation from Molestation Conviction". Retrieved October 16, 2010.
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Oakland
- Cathedral of Christ the Light
- Burns, Jeffrey M. and Batiza, Mary C. We Are The Church: The History Of The Diocese Of Oakland - 2001, Published by the Diocese of Oakland.
- Official 2009 Catholic Directory of the Diocese of Oakland, Published by the Catholic Voice.