Roman Catholic Diocese of Scala

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Diocese of Scala
Scala (adjective: Scalensis)
Scala
S.E.R. Mons. Edward Joseph Adams.JPG
Archbishop Edward Joseph Adams, current titular archbishop
Location
Ecclesiastical province Archdiocese of Amalfi-Cava de' Tirreni
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Latin Rite
Established 987 AD (suppressed on 27 June 1818)
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Titular Archbishop Edward Joseph Adams
Scala viewed from Ravello.
Styles of
Edward Joseph Adams
Ecclesiastical Coat of Arms of Archbishop Edward Joseph Adams.jpg
Reference style His Excellency
Spoken style Your Excellency
Religious style Titular Archbishop of Scala

The Diocese of Scala is a bishopric centred on Scala in Italy. No longer a residential see, it is included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.[1] It was established as a diocese in 987. On 31 July 1603 it was merged aeque principaliter with the diocese of Ravello. On 27 June 1818 the Diocese of Scala was suppressed by Pope Pius VII's bull De utiliori and all its territories were incorporated into the archdiocese of Amalfi (now the Archdiocese of Amalfi-Cava de' Tirreni). It is now the seat of a titular archbishopric, currently held by ArchbishopEdward Joseph Adams, Apostolic Nuncio to Greece.

History[edit]

Scala is the oldest town of the Amalfi coast, set about 400 meters above sea level. According to tradition it was founded in the 4th century AD by a group of shipwrecked Romans trying to make their way to Constantinople. A fortified bulwark, Scala was part of the defensive system of the territory of Amalfi. Its history is closely related to that of the Marine Republic of Amalfi. It was a bishopric from 987 to 1818. In 1073, after a strong siege, it was burned by Robert Guiscard. Soon after, it was sacked by the Pisans, by Ottone Brunswich (1210), and by the Sicilians (1283).[2]

With more than a thousand-year history, Scala (during the height of its economic splendor) had about 130 churches. It is also noted as the birthplace of Gerardo de Saxo, the founder of the Order of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, or the Knights Hospitaller.[3]

The former cathedral[edit]

The cathedral of the diocese, dedicated to Saint Lawrence, was built in its original form during the 12th century in Romanesque style. It was modified in the 17th and 18th centuries, preserving of the original structure only the portal. The interior is in the form of a nave and two aisles, with high-quality stuccoes and an admirable vault decorated with scenes from the Saint's life (1748).[4]

In the Gothic-style crypt is the colored stucco sarcophagus of Marinella Rufolo with a group of 14th-century wooden statues and other sculptures carved her widower Antonio Coppola in 1332.[5]

List of holders[edit]

Residential bishops[edit]

  • Sergio (987 - ?)
  • Alessandro (1118 - ?)
  • Orso D'Afflitto (1144 - ?)
  • Alessandro II (1171 - after 1191)
  • Costantino D'Afflitto (1207 - after 1223)
  • Matteo D'Afflitto (1227–1269)
  • An anonymous bishop (mentioned in 1313)
  • Teodoro Scacciavento (1328 - ?)
  • Guglielmo Lombardo, O.P. (c. 1335 - 1342)
  • Guglielmo II, O.F.M. (1342 - 1349)
  • Giacomo Sazali, O.P. (23 June 1349 - 1369)
    • Guillaume Vaysserie, O.P. (7 August 1384 - ?) (anti-bishop)
  • Andrea Fusco (January 1390 - 29 May 1397 - transferred to Ravello)
  • Pietro † (c. 1394 - 1395 - transferred to Termoli)
  • Petruccio da Penne, O.P. (1 December 1395 - 1418)
  • Natale Mastini D'Afflitto (23 November 1418 - 1450)
  • Evangelista Frioli, Bethlehemites (31 July 1450 - 1465)
  • Matteo Doti (20 February 1469 - 1499)
  • Giacomo Pisanelli (13 January 1500 - 1511)
  • Ferdinando de Castro (17 September 1511 - 1515)
  • Baldassarre Del Rio (22 October 1515 - 1 January 1540)
  • Ludovico Vanino de Theodoli, Canons Regular of Saint Augustine (19 January 1541 - 7 May 1548 - transferred to Bertinoro)
  • Gaspare De Fossa, O.M. (17 May 1548 - 22 April 1551 - transferred to Calvi)
  • Alfonso Romero, O.F.M. (10 July 1551 - 1551) (Bishop Elect)
  • Costantino Piccioni, Order of Saint Augustine (27 April 1552 - 25 February 1577 - transferred to Cortona)
  • Feliciano Ninguarda, O.P. (25 February 1577 - 31 January 1583 - transferred to Sant'Agata de' Goti)
  • Francesco D'Afflitto (27 June 1583 - 11 October 1593)
  • Giovanni Battista Serignano, O.P. (7 January 1594 - October 1594)
  • Floriano Nanni, Canons Regular of the Lateran (7 November 1594 - 19 September 1598)
  • Francesco Bennio De Butrio, O.S.M. (25 November 1598 - 31 July 1603 - transferred to Ravello and Scala)

Titular bishops[edit]

References[edit]