Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm
|Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm
Stockholms katolska stift
|Metropolitan||Immediately Subject to the Holy See|
|(as of 2010)
|Denomination||Roman Catholic Church|
|Cathedral||Saint Eric's Cathedral|
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm (Latin: Dioecesis Holmiensis; Swedish: Stockholms katolska stift) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Sweden; its seat is Stockholm. It is the only Roman Catholic diocese established in Sweden since the Protestant Reformation.
Between 1521 and 1550 the episcopates of the last Roman Catholic bishops in Sweden and Finland ended. Thereafter Lutheranism prevailed in Sweden-Finland as well as in Danish Scania, which later became part of Sweden.
In 1582 the stray Catholics in Sweden and elsewhere in Northern Europe were placed under the jurisdiction of a papal nuncio in Cologne. The Congregation de propaganda fide, on its establishment in 1622, took charge of the vast missionary field, which - at its third session - it divided among the nuncio of Brussels (for the Catholics in Denmark and Norway), the nuncio at Cologne (much of Northern Germany) and the nuncio to Poland (Sweden-Finland,and Mecklenburg).
In 1688 Sweden became part of the Apostolic Vicariate of the Nordic Missions. The Paderborn bishops functioned as administrators of the apostolic vicariate. When a new Catholic missionary jurisdiction was established, it was not at any of the ancient episcopal sees but an apostolic prefecture in 1781, created out of parts of the Nordic Missions comprising then Sweden and Finland. On 23 September 1783 the apostolic prefecture was promoted to the Apostolic Vicariate of Sweden, seated in the Swedish capital Stockholm.
The Apostolic Vicariate of Sweden also included Finland between 1783 and 1809 (then passed to Mohilev Archdiocese), the southern areas of Norway between 1834 and 1868 (thereafter Apostolic Prefecture of Norway), whereas Norway north of the polar circle formed part of Sweden vicariate from 1834 to 1855, then becoming the Apostolic Prefecture of the North Pole. On 29 June 1953 the Apostolic Vicariate of Sweden became a separate Roman Catholic diocese named after Stockholm, when the same status was given in Norway to Oslo. The diocese of Stockholm includes 42 parishes and covers the entire country of Sweden.
List of ordinaries
- Nicolaus Oster (1783–1790)
- Rafael d´Ossery (1790–1795)
- Paolo Moretti (1795–1804)
- Jean Baptiste Gridaine (1805–1833)
- Jacob Laurentius Studach (1833–1873)
- Johan Georg Huber (1874–1886)
- Albert Bitter (1886–1922)
- Johannes Erik Müller (1923–1957)
- Ansgar Nelson (1957–1962)
- John E. Taylor (1962–1976)
- Hubertus Brandenburg (1978–1998)
- Anders Arborelius (1998–present)
- "Stockholms Katolska Stift". Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- One see after the other turned into de facto sede vacante, with no new Catholic bishops invested or them living in captivity or exile as bishops merely by title, Skara since 1521, Uppsala since 1524/1526, Linköping since 1527, Växjö since 1530, Västerås since 1534, Lund since 1536, Strängnäs since 1536, and Åbo (Turku) since 1550.