Indigenous Catholic Greeks number about 50,000 and are a religious and not an ethnic minority. One very old but still common term used to refer to them is Φράγκοι, or "Franks", referring to the religion of Franks and other Western Europeans during the Middle Ages, as opposed to practitioners of the Orthodox faith, who were somewhat confusingly called Ρωμαιοι, or "Romans" (as they belonged to the Greek-cultured Eastern Roman Empire). Since the early 1990s however, the number of Catholic permanent residents of Greece, has continuously increased making the total number of Catholics in Greece more than 200,000. These Catholics are immigrants from Eastern Europe, especially Poland, or from the Philippines. Many of the Germans and French that settled in the Greek Islands also follow the Roman Catholic faith.
In addition to the Catholics of the Latin Rite who represent the majority of the faithful, there are about 5,000 of the Greek Rite, and a few hundred Armenian Catholics.