Roman Catholicism in South Africa

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The Catholic Church in South Africa (Roman Rite) is part of the universal Catholic Church composed of the Roman Rite and 22 Eastern Rites, all under the spiritual leadership of the pope based in Vatican City. It is made up of 26 dioceses and archdioceses plus an apostolic vicariate.

Approximately 3.3 million Catholics reside in South Africa making up 6% of the total South African population. 2.7 million are of various black African ethnic groups, such as Zulu, Xhosa, and Sotho. Coloured and white South Africans each account for roughly 300,000.[1] Most white Catholics are English speaking, and the majority are descended from Irish immigrants. Many others are Portuguese settlers who left Angola and Mozambique after they became independent in the 1970s, or their children. The proportion of Catholics among White Afrikaans speakers, or South African Asians, who are mainly of Indian descent, is extremely small.

Structure and leadership[edit]

Jurisdictions[edit]

The Catholic Church in South Africa consists of five Archdioceses (Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Durban, Johannesberg, Pretoria), 22 Dioceses, 2 Vicariates Apostolic and a Military Ordinariate. The five Ecclesiastical provinces are—

  • Bloemfontein
  • Cape Town
    • Leadership: Archbishop Stephen Brislin appointed 18 December 2009.
    • Contains the following dioceses:
      • Aliwal
        • Bishop Michael Wüstenberg appointed 24 February 2008.
      • De Aar
        • Bishop Joseph Potocnak, S.C.I. appointed 1 May 1992.
      • Oudtshoorn
        • Bishop Francisco Fortunato De Gouveia appointed 28. May 2010.
      • Port Elizabeth
        • Bishop Michael Coleman appointed 21 March 1986.
      • Queenstown
        • Bishop Herbert Lenhof, S.A.C. appointed 3 February 1984.
  • Durban
    • Leadership: Cardinal Wilfrid Napier, appointed 29 March 1992.
    • Contains the following dioceses:
      • Dundee
      • Eshowe
        • Bishop Thaddaeus Kumalo appointed 11 March 2008.
      • Kokstad
        • Bishop William Slattery, O.F.M. appointed 19 February 1994.
      • Marianhill
        • Bishop Pius Mlungisi Dlungwana, appointed 3. June 2006.
      • Umtata
        • Bishop Anton Sipuka appointed 8 February 2008.
      • Umzimkulu
        • Bishop Stanisław Jan Dziuba, O.S.P.P.E. appointed 31 December 2008.
      • Vicariate Apostolic of Ingwavuma
        • Bishop José Luís Gerardo Ponce de León, I.M.C. appointed 24 November 2008.
  • Johannesburg
    • Leadership: Archbishop Buti Tlhagale, O.M.I. appointed 8 April 2003.
    • Contains the following dioceses:
  • Pretoria
    • Archbishop William Slattery, OFM appointed 23 December 2010.
    • Contains the following dioceses:
  • Military Ordinariate of South Africa
    • Leadership: Archbishop William Slattery, OFM appointed 23 December 2010.

The Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference[edit]

The Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference is a collegial body approved by the Holy See and has as its particular aim:

to provide the bishops of the territories mentioned above with facilities for consultation and united action in such matters of common interest to the Church as consultation and co-operation with other hierarchies; the fostering of priestly and religious vocations; the doctrinal, apostolic and pastoral formation of the clergy, religious and laity; the promotion of missionary activity, catechetics, liturgy, lay apostolate, ecumenism, development, justice and reconciliation, social welfare, schools, hospitals, the apostolate of the press, radio, television, and other means of social communication; and any other necessary activity.

Nuncio[edit]

The Apostolic Nuncio to South Africa is Archbishop James Patrick Green appointed to the post on 17 August 2006. He is also the Apostolic Nuncio to Lesotho, Swaziland and Namibia as well as the Apostolic Delegate to Botswana.

Catholic Church and apartheid[edit]

Denis Hurley, Archbishop of Durban and a member of the Central Preparatory Committee of Vatican II, stands perhaps as the most eminent Catholic cleric in South African history. He was appointed bishop at the age of 31 and was a leader in opposing the apartheid regime. Like him, many senior officials within the Roman Catholic Church in South Africa opposed apartheid, but a group of conservative white Catholics formed the South African Catholic Defence League to condemn the church's political involvement and, in particular, to denounce school integration.[2]

People[edit]

Education[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Catholics in RSA 1996 census statistics posted on the website of the Archdiocese of Bloemfontein.
  2. ^ Country Studies. "Religion and apartheid". Source: Rita M. Byrnes, ed. South Africa: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1996.

St Joseph's theological Institute (Cedara)

External links[edit]