Roman Catholicism in Syria

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The Catholic Church in Syria is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.

There are 368,000 Catholics in Syria, approximately 2% of the total population. The Catholics of Syria follow several different rites, including Armenian, Chaldean, Syrian, Maronite and Melkite in addition to the Roman rite and there are separate jurisdictions for the faithful of each rite.

Dioceses and Archdioceses[1][2][edit]

  • Armenian Catholic Archeparchy of Alep
  • Armenian Catholic Eparchy of Kamichlié
  • Armenian Catholic Patriarchal Exarchate of Damas
  • Chaldean Catholic Eparchy of Alep
  • Greek-Melkite Catholic Archdiocese of Alep
  • Greek-Melkite Catholic Archdiocese of Bosra e Haūrān
  • Greek-Melkite Catholic Archdiocese of Damas
  • Greek-Melkite Catholic Archdiocese of Homs
  • Greek-Melkite Catholic Archeparchy of Lattaquié
  • Greek-Melkite Catholic Patriarchate of Antioch
  • Maronite Catholic Archeparchy of Alep
  • Maronite Catholic Archeparchy of Damas
  • Maronite Catholic Eparchy of Lattaquié
  • Roman Catholic Apostolic Vicariate of Alep
  • Syrian Catholic Archdiocese of Damas
  • Syrian Catholic Archdiocese of Homs
  • Syrian Catholic Archeparchy of Alep
  • Syrian Catholic Archeparchy of Hassaké-Nisibi

Cathedrals[3][edit]

  • Cathedral of Our Lady of Dormition (Greek-Melkite Catholic Archdiocese of Bosra–Haūrān)
  • Cathedral of Our Lady of Latakia (Maronite Catholic Diocese of Lattaquié)
  • Cathedral of Our Lady of the Annunciation (Greek-Melkite Catholic Archdiocese of Lattaquié)
  • Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption (Syrian Catholic Archdiocese of Aleppe)
  • Cathedral of St. Francis of Assisi (Roman Catholic Apostolic Vicariate of Aleppe)
  • Cathedral of the Holy Spirit (Syrian Catholic Archdiocese of Homs)
  • Cathedral Our Lady of Reliefs (Armenian Catholic Archdiocese of Aleppe)
  • Church of the Queen of the Universe (Armenian Catholic Patriarchal Exarchate of Damas)
  • Greek-Melkite Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace (Greek-Melkite Catholic Archdiocese of Homs)
  • Greek-Melkite Cathedral of the Virgin Mary (Greek-Melkite Catholic Archdiocese of Aleppe)
  • Greek-Melkite Patriarchal Cathedral of the Dormition of Our Lady (Greek-Melkite Catholic Patriarchal See of Antioch)
  • Maronite Cathedral (Maronite Catholic Archdiocese of Damas)
  • St. Elias Maronite Cathedral (Maronite Catholic Archdiocese of Aleppe)
  • St. Joseph’s Cathedral (Chaldean Catholic Diocese of Aleppe)
  • Syrian Cathedral (Syrian Catholic Archdiocese of Damas)

Syrian popes[edit]

Seven popes from Syria ascended the papal throne,[4][5] many of them lived in Italy, Pope Gregory III,[6][7] was previously the last pope to have been born outside Europe until the election of Francis in 2013.

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
1 33 – 64/67 Pope-peter pprubens.jpg St Peter
PETRUS
Simon Peter

Bethsaida, Galilea, Roman Empire Saint Peter was from village of Bethsaida, Gaulanitis, Syria, Roman Empire
11 155 to 166 Papa Aniceto cropped.jpg St Anicetus
ANICETUS
Anicitus Emesa, Syria Traditionally martyred; feast day 17 April
82 12 July 685
– 2 August 686
(1 year+)
Johannes V.jpg John V
Papa IOANNES Quintus
  Antioch, Syria  
84 15 December 687
– 8 September 701
(3 year+)
Pope Sergius I.jpg St Sergius I
Papa Sergius
  Sicily, Italy Sergius I was born in Sicily, but he was from Syrian parentage[8]  
87 15 January 708
to 4 February 708
(21 days)
Sisinnius.jpg Sisinnius
Papa SISINNIUS
  Syria  
88 25 March 708
– 9 April 715
(7 years+)
PopeConstantine.jpg Constantine
Papa COSTANTINUS sive CONSTANTINUS
  Syria Last pope to visit Greece while in office, until John Paul II in 2001
90 18 March 731
to 28 November 741
(10 years+)
Pope Gregory III.jpg St Gregory III
Papa GREGORIUS Tertius
  Syria Third pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]