Roman Catholic Mission Sui Iuris of Tokelau
The Roman Catholic Mission Sui Iuris of Tokelau in Tokelau is a suffragan of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Samoa-Apia. The Archdiocese of Samoa-Apia and Tokelau was split in 1992 into the Archdiocese of Samoa-Apia and the Mission Sui Iuris of Tokelau. The current administrator is Patrick Edward O'Connor, appointed in 1992.
From the discovery of the island by Europeans in 1841, several attempts were made by Catholic missionaries to reach Tokelau from Wallis Island between 1845 and 1863. The first Catholic baptism was performed in 1863 on one adult and three children, and several other occurred soon after. Father Didier lived in the country from 1883 to 1890, the year he died at sea. Two elders who were educated in Samoa acted as catechists starting in 1904, and others continued their role over time. The Catholic Church allowed traditional music and dance to be incorporated into Catholic religious ritual, contributing to their efforts at converting the populous.
20th century - Present
In 1945 Father Jepson came to Tokelau and proposed having a priest permanently stationed there, a church be constructed, and the Order of Mary provide sisters to the island. Father Patrick O'Connor was the only foreigner residing in the country as of 2011. He was assigned to the island country by the Archbishop of Samoa in 1977 to take care of the Catholic parish on the atoll of Nukunonu and has resided there since then. The church services are conducted in Tokelau. The atoll of Nukunonu is mostly Catholic, while Fakaofo and Atafu atolls have both Congregational and Catholic churches. Many religious rules are followed such as families gathering at 6pm for prayers, a midnight curfew, and a ban on swimming on Sundays.
- Patrick Edward O'Connor (1992 - )
- McLean, Mervyn (1999). Weavers of Song: Polynesian Music and Dance (in English). Auckland University Press. p. 195.
- Matagi Tokelau: History and Traditions of Tokelau (in English). Suva, Fiji: University Of the South Pacific. 1991. p. 163.
- ALISON HORWOOD (2006-06-28). "Tokelau - Our last colony". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2013-02-22.
- "Mission "Sui Iuris" of Tokelau". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 2007-01-12.
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