Roman Catholicism in Uruguay

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Image of the Virgin of the Thirty-Three, patron saint of Uruguay

The Roman Catholic Church in Uruguay is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.

Overview[edit]

There are 2.3 million Catholics in the country, 53% of the total population.

There are 9 dioceses and the archdiocese of Montevideo; the ordinaries gather in the Episcopal Conference of Uruguay. The current archbishop is Daniel Sturla, who was appointed on 11 February 2014.[1]

The patron saint of Uruguay is Our Lady of the Thirty-Three, venerated at the Cathedral Basilica of Florida.

History[edit]

Evangelization of Uruguay followed Spanish settlement in 1624. Montevideo became a diocese in 1878, after being erected as a Vicarate in 1830. Missionaries followed the reduction pattern of gathering Indians into communities, training them in agriculture, husbandry, and other arts, while forming them in the Faith.

The constitution of 1830 made Catholicism the religion of the state and subsidized missions to Indians. In 1878, Montevideo was elevated to Diocese and, in 1897, to Archdiocese.

The constitution of 1917 enacted separation of Church and state.

Two Eastern Catholic churches are also present in Uruguay, the Armenian Catholic Church and the Maronite Church.

Careers[edit]

Uruguay is a country where religious calling is low. Every year, some young people engage in religious careers. Currently there are 34 students at the Archdiocesan Seminary in Montevideo.[2]

Institutes of Consecrated Life[edit]

Several religious orders are present in Uruguay.[3] Some of them arrived in colonial times (although their presence was intermittent during the first centuries):

After Uruguay was established as an independent country, several other religious orders established their own missions in Uruguay:

Notable Uruguayan Roman Catholic religious leaders[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Roman Catholic Church in Uruguay". Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "Wedding with God". EL PAIS. 4 August 2013.  (Spanish)
  3. ^ "Institutes of consecrated life in Montevideo". Retrieved 30 March 2013.  (Spanish)
  4. ^ History of the Franciscans in Uruguay (Spanish)
  5. ^ Province of the Friars Minor Capuchin in the River Plate (Spanish)
  6. ^ Dominicans in Uruguay (Spanish)
  7. ^ History of the Society of Jesus in Uruguay (Spanish)
  8. ^ Río de la Plata Province of the Conventual Franciscans (Spanish)
  9. ^ "The Basque Fathers". Retrieved 1 May 2013.  (Spanish)
  10. ^ Salesians in Uruguay (Spanish)
  11. ^ Sisters of Adoration in Uruguay
  12. ^ Sisters of Christian Charity in Uruguay (Spanish)
  13. ^ Pallottine Fathers in Uruguay (Spanish)
  14. ^ Brothers of the Holy Family in Montevideo
  15. ^ History of the Vicentians (Spanish)
  16. ^ Mother Rubatto in Uruguay (Spanish)
  17. ^ Claretians in Uruguay (Spanish)
  18. ^ OSFS in Uruguay
  19. ^ Carmelites in Uruguay
  20. ^ Dominican Sisters in Uruguay (Spanish)
  21. ^ Don Orione in Uruguay (Italian)
  22. ^ Don Orione in the world (Spanish)
  23. ^ "Maronite Church in Uruguay". Retrieved 27 April 2013.  (Spanish)
  24. ^ Oblates in Uruguay (Spanish)
  25. ^ Augustinians in Uruguay (Spanish)
  26. ^ Marist Brothers in Uruguay
  27. ^ Marist Brothers in the world
  28. ^ Brothers of the Sacred Heart in Montevideo
  29. ^ Dehonians in Uruguay (Spanish)
  30. ^ Passionists in Uruguay (Spanish)
  31. ^ De la Mennais Brothers in Uruguay (Spanish)
  32. ^ Religious of Jesus and Mary in Uruguay (Spanish)
  33. ^ Christian Brothers in Montevideo (Spanish)
  34. ^ Opus Dei in Uruguay (Spanish)
  35. ^ Province of the Sisters Hospitaller (Spanish)
  36. ^ Scalabrinians in Montevideo (Spanish)
  37. ^ Missionaries of Charity in Uruguay (Spanish)
  38. ^ Brothers of Our Lady of Mercy in Uruguay (Spanish)
  39. ^ "Aemilius reencounters Pope Francis". El Observador. 2013-03-18.  (Spanish)

External links[edit]