A Roman mosaic is a mosaic made in the Roman Empire or by Roman artists outside of Roman frontiers. The Romans introduced exquisite mosaics in their domestic architecture and in the places of worship. They were often very complicated and detailed, often depicting still lives and occasionally historical or mythological scenes set in a wider geometric pattern. The earliest examples of Roman floor mosaics are dated to the late Republican period (2nd century BC) and are housed in Delos. The outstanding examples of Late Imperial period are the mosaics in the villa of Casale (c. 300 AD) in Sicily. The mosaic decoration of local palace complex culminates in the gallery, which contains a scene of animal hunting and fighting covering an area of 3,200 square feet (300 square metres).
The colors were determined by materials and pictures.
Detail of Alexander Mosaic, depicting Alexander the Great
Neptune driving his chariot
Ulysses during his journey
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