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|Official languages||French, Portuguese and Spanish|
Romance-speaking Africa consists of the countries and territories in Africa whose official or main languages are Romance ones, and countries which have significant populations that speak Romance languages: French, Portuguese, Spanish, and Italian.
Many of these countries are members of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF; International Organization of La Francophonie) or the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa), and seven are members of the Latin Union.
- Benin, French language in Benin
- Burundi, French language in Burundi
- Burkina Faso, French language in Burkina Faso
- Central African Republic, French language in the Central African Republic
- Chad, French language in Chad
- Cameroon, French language in Cameroon
- Comoros, French language in Comorosi
- Ivory Coast, French language in Cote d'Ivoire
- Democratic Republic of the Congo, French language in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Republic of the Congo, French language in the Republic of the Congo
- Djibouti, French language in Djibouti
- Gabon, French language in Gabon
- Guinea, French language in Guinea
- Madagascar, French language in Madagascar
- Mali, French language in Mali
- Mauritania, French language in Mauritania
- Mauritius, French language in Mauritius
- Niger, French language in Niger
- Rwanda, French language in Rwanda
- Senegal, French language in Senegal
- Seychelles, French language in Seychelles
- Togo, French language in Togo
The French Language is also spoken in two French Overseas Departments:
- Angola, Angolan Portuguese
- Cape Verde, Cape Verdean Portuguese
- Guinea-Bissau, Guinean Portuguese
- Mozambique, Mozambican Portuguese
- São Tomé and Príncipe, São Tomean Portuguese
Portuguese territory, geographically located in Africa, where Portuguese is spoken
Spain territories in Africa (official language):
French and Spanish in North Africa
In North Africa there are countries where French or Spanish are spoken, but they are neither the main nor the official languages:
- Algeria, Maghreb French (this is the only North African nation where French is spoken by majority).
- Morocco, Spanish is often spoken as a second language in the former Spanish protectorate, but the French language is the national second language since the French protectorate was much larger. Haketia (or Western Judaeo-Spanish) is spoken by a few hundreds of Moroccan Jews and is endangered. Another variant, the Spanish language that was spoken by moriscos, is extinct.
- Tunisia, Maghreb French.
- Western Sahara, Spanish language in Western Sahara.
Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, and Somalia conserve Italian as a colonial legacy; Somalia had Italian as its cultural language in universities up to 1991; however, the Italian language remains unknown to over 95% of the population. In Libya, Italians were forced to leave the country after its independence. The presence of Italian is limited in Ethiopia as Italian rule lasted only 5 years from 1936 to 1941.
In all of these countries, the only one that preserves Italian is Eritrea, which has only one Italian-language school remaining, with 470 pupils yearly. The name of the only Italian-language school in Eritrea is Scuola Italiana di Asmara. 'The official languages of the Somali Republic shall be Somali (Maay and Maxaatiri) and Arabic.</ref>
- "Unión Latina". Retrieved 2010-02-10.
- "CIA - The World Factbook -- Field Listing - Languages". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
- Population Reference Bureau. "2007 World Population Data Sheet" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- (Italian)Scuola Italiana di Asmara (in Italian)
- Diana Briton Putman, Mohamood Cabdi Noor, The Somalis: their history and culture, (Center for Applied Linguistics: 1993), p. 15.: "Somalis speak Somali. Swahili may also be spoken in coastal areas near Kenya."