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|Official languages||French, Portuguese and Spanish|
Romance-speaking Africa consists of the countries and territories in Africa whose official or main languages are Romance ones, and countries which have significant populations that speak Romance languages: French, Portuguese, Spanish, and Italian.
Many of these countries are members of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF; International Organization of La Francophonie) or the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa), and seven are members of the Latin Union.
- Benin, French language in Benin
- Burundi, French language in Burundi
- Burkina Faso, French language in Burkina Faso
- Central African Republic, French language in the Central African Republic
- Chad, French language in Chad
- Cameroon, French language in Cameroon
- Comoros, French language in Comorosi
- Ivory Coast, French language in Cote d'Ivoire
- Democratic Republic of the Congo, French language in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Republic of the Congo, French language in the Republic of the Congo
- Djibouti, French language in Djibouti
- Gabon, French language in Gabon
- Guinea, French language in Guinea
- Madagascar, French language in Madagascar
- Mali, French language in Mali
- Mauritania, French language in Mauritania
- Mauritius, French language in Mauritius
- Niger, French language in Niger
- Rwanda, French language in Rwanda
- Senegal, French language in Senegal
- Seychelles, French language in Seychelles
- Togo, French language in Togo
The French Language is also spoken in two French Overseas Departments:
- Angola, Angolan Portuguese
- Cape Verde, Cape Verdean Portuguese
- Guinea-Bissau, Guinean Portuguese
- Mozambique, Mozambican Portuguese
- São Tomé and Príncipe, São Tomean Portuguese
Portuguese territory, geographically located in Africa, where Portuguese is spoken
- Equatorial Guinea, Spanish language in Equatorial Guinea (French is also official. Portuguese may or may not be in the process of becoming the third official language)
Spain territories in Africa (official language):
French and Spanish in North Africa
In North Africa there are countries where French or Spanish are spoken, but they are neither the main nor the official languages:
- Algeria, Maghreb French (this is the only North African nation where French is spoken by majority).
- Morocco, Spanish is often spoken as a second language in the former Spanish protectorate, but the French language is the national second language since the French protectorate was much larger. Haketia (or Western Judaeo-Spanish) is spoken by a few hundreds of Moroccan Jews and is endangered. Another variant, the Spanish language that was spoken by moriscos, is extinct.
- Tunisia, Maghreb French.
- Western Sahara, Spanish language in Western Sahara.
Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, and Somalia conserve Italian as a colonial legacy; Somalia had Italian as its cultural language in universities up to 1991; however, the Italian language remains unknown to over 95% of the population. In Libya, Italians were forced to leave the country after its independence. The presence of Italian is limited in Ethiopia as Italian rule lasted only 5 years from 1936 to 1941.
In all of these countries, the only one that preserves Italian is Eritrea, which has only one Italian-language school remaining, with 470 pupils yearly. The name of the only Italian-language school in Eritrea is Scuola Italiana di Asmara. 'The official languages of the Somali Republic shall be Somali (Maay and Maxaatiri) and Arabic.
- "Unión Latina". Retrieved 2010-02-10.
- "CIA - The World Factbook -- Field Listing - Languages". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
- Population Reference Bureau. "2007 World Population Data Sheet" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- (Italian)Scuola Italiana di Asmara (in Italian)
- Diana Briton Putman, Mohamood Cabdi Noor, The Somalis: their history and culture, (Center for Applied Linguistics: 1993), p. 15.: "Somalis speak Somali. Swahili may also be spoken in coastal areas near Kenya."