||It has been suggested that this article be merged with Bride scam. (Discuss) Proposed since June 2013.|
A romance scam is a confidence trick involving feigned romantic intentions towards a victim, gaining their affection, and then using that goodwill to commit fraud. Fraudulent acts may involve access to the victims' money, bank accounts, credit cards, passports, e-mail accounts, or national identification numbers or by getting the victims to commit financial fraud on their behalf.
Scammers post profiles, using stolen photographs of attractive persons, asking for others to contact them. Letters are exchanged between the scammer and victim until the scammer feels they have groomed the victim enough to ask for money. This might be for requests for gas money or bus and airplane tickets to travel to visit the victim, medical expenses, education expenses etc. There is usually the promise that the fictitious character will one day join the victim in the victim's country. The scam usually ends when the victim realizes they are being scammed or stops sending money. Victims can be highly traumatized by this and are often very embarrassed and ashamed when they learn they have become a victim of a scam and that the romance was a farce.
Scammers post profiles on dating websites to groom new victims. Upon finding victims, scammers lure them to more private means of communication, (such as providing an e-mail address) to allow for fraud to occur.
- Phishing at DMOZ
- Online Dating Scammers Using Stolen Images, CBS News February 11, 2009, retrieved July 7, 2011
- Recovery Scams, CupidScreen June 10, 2012, retrieved October 7, 21012
- "High payment" offer by scammers for the girls
- Ghana / Nigerian Dating & Gold Scam - Website Pictures, Fake Documents & free Victim Support, Investigations