Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company

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Societatea Română de Radiodifuziune
Type Radio network
Country  Romania
Availability National & international (through Radio România Internaţional)
Slogan Romanian: De 80 de ani vorbim serios!
Owner The Romanian state
Key people
Ovidiu Miculescu
Launch date
November 1, 1928
Former names
Societatea de Difuziune Radiotelefonică (1928-1936)
Official website
www.srr.ro

The Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company (Romanian: Societatea Română de Radiodifuziune), informally referred to as Radio Romania (Romanian: Radio România), is the public radio broadcaster in Romania. It operates FM and AM, and internet national and local radio channels. The local stations are branded under the Radio România Regional umbrella. Radio Romania International is the company's international radio station, broadcasting on two channels in Romanian, English, French, Aromanian, Spanish, German, Italian, Serbian, Russian, Ukrainian, Chinese, and Arabic.[1]

Structure[edit]

The company operates radio stations as well as broadcasting related entities, listed below.

FM and AM, internet, and T-DAB radio stations:

Publishing

News Agency

Concerts and events

  • Radio România Formații Muzicale (Radio România Muzical Bands) [23]
  • Târgul de Carte Gaudeamus (Gaudeamus Bookfair) [24]

History[edit]

Before 1928, there was a pro-radio movement, led by professor Dragomir Hurmuzescu, who, in March 1925, funded "The Friends of Radio Association".

The first experimental transmission was broadcast in summer 1925, during "Bucharest's month". Periodic broadcasts were made during 1926 and 1927 by "The Friends of Radio Association" and the University Electrotechnical Institute. In 1927 a short wave emitter was installed and were made the first transatlantic experimental broadcasts. "The gramophone recording broadcast through electromagnetic cartridge has been clearly heard in Boston, USA". In March 1928 the Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company was legally founded.

The first radio transmission was broadcast on November 1, 1928, 5:00 PM. The first official radio show was inaugurated by the Romanian physicist and professor Dragomir Hurmuzescu, who became the president of the Administration Council of The Radiotelephonic Broadcasting Company.

On December 18, 1928, the first comic radio show was broadcast.

In 1929, the following shows are broadcast:

  • the first show for children: Children's Hour (Ora copiilor, 12 January);
  • the first theater broadcast: the poem "One Autumn" (O toamnă) by Alfred Moşoiu (23 January);
  • the first live broadcast from the Opera: Aida by Giuseppe Verdi (14 April);
  • the first live broadcast from the Romanian Atheneum (28 October).

1928-1937[edit]

The number of broadcasting hours increases consistently, reaching 3,517 hours in 1934.

1938-1944[edit]

  • In 1938, the spoken shows held a percentage of 22.37%, and the music shows 52.32%.
  • The first regional studios:
  • On 12 February 1939 - a Romanian Show for the America was broadcast.
  • In 1941, the Radio Chorus was funded.
  • During World War II, although the components of the RRBC were dispersed on 22 April 1944, the broadcasting of the shows continued even during the rough moments of August 1944.
  • 23 August 1944 - King's message and the Government's proclamation after the coup d'état were broadcast.
  • 24 August 1944 - the headquarters of RRBC were destroyed during the German bombing of Bucharest.

1945-1988[edit]

The political events after the end of the war affected the institution.

  • 11 June 1948 - the RRBC was fully state controlled; composer Matei Socor is named director-general
  • in 1952 the new headquarters of RRBC was inaugurated
  • After 1954 the local stations appear:
  • March 1973 - the 3rd channel (Programul III)
  • 1985 - the local stations stop broadcasting (by a Presidential Decree)

1989-2000[edit]

21st century[edit]

2004-2008[edit]

In July 2008, the Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company changed its logos.[5]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°26′28″N 26°05′04″E / 44.44124°N 26.084476°E / 44.44124; 26.084476