Romanian frigate Mărășești

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Mărășești frigate.jpg
Mărășești
Career (Romania) Naval Jack of Romania (1995-1998).svg RN Ensign
Name: Mărășești
Builder: Mangalia Shipyard (now DMHI)
Laid down: 1984
Launched: 1985
Commissioned: 1992
Identification: Pennant number: F-111
Fate: In service
General characteristics
Class & type: Frigate
Displacement: 5,790 tons[1]
Length: 144.6 m (474 ft 5 in)
Beam: 14.8 m (48 ft 7 in)
Draught: 4.9 m (16 ft 1 in)
Installed power: Diesel engines (4 × 8,440hp)
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) (cruise)
27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph) (sprint)
Range: 1,500 nautical miles (2,800 km; 1,700 mi)
Complement: 270
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 1 × IAR 330 Puma Naval

Mărășești is a frigate currently serving with the Romanian Navy, named after Mărășești, the site of a Romanian victory in World War I. Mărășești served as the flagship of the navy between 1985 and 2004, when Regele Ferdinand (formerly HMS Coventry) became the new flagship. She is the largest warship ever built in Romania.

History[edit]

The construction of the warship began on 1 March 1978 at the 2 Mai military shipyard from Mangalia. In 1984, she began sea trials. The warship was initially classified as a light cruiser by the Communist government and was named Muntenia, after the historical province of Romania. Nicolae Ceaușescu christened the ship himself on 2 August 1986.[2] The cruiser was entirely a Romanian project, with the exception of the armament which was licensed built or of Soviet origin. The warship had an excessive topweight that caused stability problems even in calm waters. As a result, in June 1988 Muntenia returned to the shipyard where she underwent a major reconstruction program that lasted until August 1992.

On 2 May 1990, Muntenia was renamed Timișoara in honor of the city where the Romanian Revolution of 1989 first started. The warship was also reclassified as a destroyer. However, on 27 August 1990, the destroyer was renamed Mărășești, after the Battle of Mărășești in World War I. On 1 April 2001, Mărășești was classified as a frigate by the Romanian General Staff.

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