Romanian identity card

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Carte de identitate
Romanian Identity Card 2009.jpg
The model issued starting with 2009, that specifies the Romanian nationality and not the parent's first name
Issued by  Romania
Valid in  Romania
 European Union member states
EEA/EFTA states:
 Iceland
 Liechtenstein
 Norway
  Switzerland

 Albania
 Andorra
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Canary Islands
 Faroe Islands
 Gibraltar
 Guernsey
 Isle of Man
 Jersey
 Macedonia
 Monaco
 Montenegro
 San Marino
 Serbia
  Vatican City
Type of document Identity card,
optional replacement for passport in the listed countries
Purpose proof of identity
Eligibility requirements Romanian citizen over 14 years of age (mandantory)
Expiration 4 years
5 years
10 years
50 years

The Identity card (Romanian: Carte de identitate) is the document issued to every Romanian citizen at 14 years of age (it is compulsory at 14). The only exemption are Romanian citizens domiciled abroad. If they establish a temporary residence in Romania, then they may apply for a "Carte de identitate provizorie", which is valid for one year (renewable).

The Identity Card is issued by The National Inspectorate for Person's Identity, subordinated to the Romanian Ministry of Administration and Interior.

Information provided[edit]

  • Series and number of the ID card (changes every time the bearer changes the ID card)
  • CNP (Romanian: Cod Numeric Personal; English: Personal Numerical Code) the same for every ID card of the individual (see below)
  • Last name
  • First name(s)
  • Sex
  • Parent's first name(s) (usually, the mother's middle name (if any) is not displayed (but registered into the database), due to lack of space)
  • (Since 2009 they replaced parent's first names with the citizenship.)
  • Place of birth
  • Address
  • Issuing authority
  • Validity (issuing date (DD.MM.YY) and expiration date (DD.MM.YYY))

Also it has two rows of optical readable information, like the passports.

Series of the ID card[edit]

The series of the ID card are formed of two letters, representing the abbreviation of the county (the abbreviation is sometimes the same as the license plate indicative) or of the county's seat that issued the document.

City County ID series License plate
Bucureşti - DP, DR, DT,
RD, RR, RT,
RX
B
Alba Iulia Alba AX AB
Alexandria Teleorman TR TR
Arad Arad AR AR
Bacău Bacău XC BC
Baia Mare Maramureş MM MM
Bistriţa Bistriţa-Năsăud XB BN
Botoşani Botoşani XT BT
Braşov Braşov BV BV
Brăila Brăila XR BR
Buftea Ilfov IF IF
Buzău Buzău XZ BZ
Călăraşi Călăraşi KL CL
Cluj-Napoca Cluj KX CJ
Constanţa Constanţa KT, KZ CT
Craiova Dolj DX DJ
Deva Hunedoara HD HD
Drobeta Turnu Severin Mehedinţi MH MH
Focşani Vrancea VN VN
Galaţi Galaţi GL GL
Giurgiu Giurgiu GG GR
Iaşi Iaşi MX IS
Miercurea Ciuc Harghita HR HR
Oradea Bihor XH BH
Piatra Neamţ Neamţ NT NT
Piteşti Argeş AS AG
Ploieşti Prahova PH, PX PH
Reşiţa Caraş-Severin KS CS
Râmnicu Vâlcea Vâlcea VX VL
Satu Mare Satu Mare SM SM
Sfântu Gheorghe Covasna KV CV
Sibiu Sibiu SB SB
Slatina Olt OT OT
Slobozia Ialomiţa SZ IL
Suceava Suceava SV SV
Timişoara Timiş TM TM
Târgovişte Dâmboviţa DD DB
Târgu Jiu Gorj GZ GJ
Târgu Mureş Mureş MS MS
Tulcea Tulcea TC TL
Vaslui Vaslui VS VS
Zalău Sălaj SX SJ

CNP[edit]

The card contains the individual's Cod Numeric Personal (CNP), or Personal Numeric Code, a unique identifying number.

The CNP consist of 13 digits as follows:

  • 1 digit for sex and century of birth: 1, 3, and 5 = male; 2, 4, and 6 = female. 1 and 2 = 20th century, 3 and 4 = 19th century, and 5 and 6 = 21st century. (For legal residents the numbers 7 and 8 are used to encode the sex of the person having the residence permit);
  • 6 digits for birth date in the format YYMMDD
  • 2 digits for place of birth (the code for the county) (For legal residents the numbers encode the region where the person having the residence permit comes from);
  • 3 other digits
  • 1 control digit

The CNP is unique for each person. It is assigned at birth and never changes except in cases of erroneous attribution, sex change or change of status from legal resident to citizen.

Future[edit]

Romania has decided to introduce the Electronic Identification Cards as of January 1, 2011, however the plan to introduce Identity Cards were delayed by two years. As of July 1, 2010 the pilot program of setting up the electronic system for the issuance of the electronic identity card will be initiated. As part of the normative act the central and local authorities as well as the county decentralized services are required to acquire the necessary equipment and programs for the citizens to be able to use without any restrictions the electronic identity card. The step by step program are as follows:

  • in the county residence municipalities until December 31, 2012
  • in the other municipalities and towns until December 31, 2013
  • in communes until December 31, 2014

Travel[edit]

The Identity card can be used instead of the Passport to travel within the  European Union, EEA/EFTA states:  Iceland  Liechtenstein  Norway   Switzerland, and the following countries:  Albania  Andorra  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Canary Islands  Faroe Islands  Gibraltar  Guernsey  Isle of Man  Jersey  Macedonia  Monaco  Montenegro  San Marino  Serbia   Vatican City[1]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]