Romanian general election, 2004

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Romanian general election
Romania
2000 ←
28 November 2004
12 December 2004

→ 2009

  Flickr - europeanpeoplesparty - EPP Summit June 2010 (76).jpg Nastase3.jpg
Nominee Traian Băsescu Adrian Năstase
Party Justice and Truth PSD
Popular vote 5,126,794 4,881,520
Percentage 51.23% 48.77%

President before election

Ion Iliescu
PSD

Elected President

Traian Băsescu
Justice and Truth

General election were held in Romania on 28 November 2004, with a second round of the presidential election on 12 December between Prime Minister Adrian Năstase of the ruling Social Democratic Party of Romania (PSD) and Traian Băsescu of the opposition Justice and Truth Alliance. Băsescu was elected President by a narrow majority of just 51.2%.[1]

Following 2003 amendments to the constitution which lengthened the presidential term to five years, these were the last joint elections to the presidency and Parliament.

Campaign[edit]

Parliamentary elections[edit]

The main contenders were the left-wing alliance made up of the incumbent Social Democratic Party of Romania (PSD) and the Romanian Humanist Party (PUR), and, on the other hand, the center-right "Justice and Truth" alliance (Dreptate şi adevăr) comprising the liberal National Liberal Party (Romania) and the reformist Democratic Party (Romania).

Other significant contenders were the Greater Romania Party (PRM) (right-wing nationalists), the ethnic Hungarian party Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR), and the Union for Romanian Reconstruction, a group of right-wing technocrats.

Conduct[edit]

The opposition alleged fraudulent use by the PSD of "supplementary lists", designed to help Romanians in transit to vote. Traditionally, Romanians voted with a cardboard identity card, which was stamped when they voted. Most Romanians now have laminated plastic IDs, to which a printed stamp is affixed when a person votes. However, the stamps can be easily removed.

The opposition claimed that there were organized "electoral excursions" of PSD supporters who were bussed to various towns to vote several times. This was corroborated by several teams of journalists, who followed the buses.

The Romanian opposition announced on 30 November that they were demanding a re-run of the election, because some of the void votes were allegedly awarded to the PSD. They showed evidence that some people voted more than once (they found about 750 persons in three counties, but their search of the supplementary lists would continue) and also showed that many of the minutes of the electoral committees were wrongly completed (the sum of the number of valid votes and null votes did not match the number of voters, sometimes by a difference of hundreds or thousands of votes) and the central software not only allowed these contradictory figures, but it also added these differences by default to the PSD[citation needed]. The opposition announced that it had started a parallel count, which showed a PSD-DA difference of only 2% between.

The government attacked the opposition by arguing that 'rumours of fraud' affect Romania's economy and its external credibility.

In January 2005, the IMAS institute of statistics released an analysis of the voting results in the 16,824 precincts. In the top 1,000 precincts with the most votes on the supplementary lists, the PSD had 43% to the DA's 23%, while in the precincts with least votes on supplementary lists, the PSD had 30% to the DA's 34%. The same trend was true in the precincts with most void votes.[1]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Traian Băsescu PNL-PD 3,545,236 33.9 5,126,794 51.2
Adrian Năstase National Union PSD+PUR 4,278,864 40.9 4,881,520 48.8
Corneliu Vadim Tudor Greater Romania Party 1,313,714 12.6
Béla Markó Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 533,446 5.1
Gheorghe Ciuhandu Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party 198,394 1.9
Gigi Becali New Generation Party 184,560 1.8
Petre Roman Democratic Force 140,702 1.4
Gheorghe Dinu Independent 113,321 1.1
Marian Petre Miluț People's Action 43,378 0.4
Ovidiu Tudorici Union for Romanian Reconstruction 37,910 0.4
Aurel Rădulescu Christian Democratic People's Alliance 35,455 0.3
Alexandru Raj Tunaru PTD 27,225 0.3
Invalid/blank votes 339,010 103,245
Total 10,791,215 100 10,111,559 100
Registered voters/turnout 18,449,344 58.5 18,316,104 55.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Parliament[edit]

Senate[edit]

e • d Summary of the 28 November 2004 Senate of Romania election results
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats
National Union PSD+PUR (Uniunea Naţională PSD+PUR) 3,798,607 37.2 57
Justice and Truth Alliance (Alianţa Dreptate si Adevăr) 3,250,663 31.8 49
Greater Romania Party(Partidul România Mare) 1,394,698 13.6 21
Hungarian Democratic Union of Romania (Uniunea Democratică Maghiară din România) 637,109 6.2 10
New Generation Party (Partidul Noua Generaţie) 241,486 2.4 -
Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party (Partidul Naţional Ţărănesc Creştin Democrat) 196,027 1.9 -
Total (turnout 56.5%)   137
Source: Biroul Electoral Central

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

e • d Summary of the 28 November 2004 Romanian Chamber of Deputies election results
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats
National Union PSD+PUR (Uniunea Naţională PSD+PUR) 3,730,352 36.8 132
  • 113
  • 19
Justice and Truth Alliance (Alianţa Dreptate şi Adevăr) 3,191,546 31.5 112
  • 64
  • 48
Greater Romania Party (Partidul România Mare) 1,316,751 13.0 48
Hungarian Democratic Union of Romania (Uniunea Democratică Maghiară din România) 638,125 6.2 22
New Generation Party (Partidul Noua Generaţie) 227,443 2.2 -
Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party (Partidul Naţional Ţărănesc Creştin Democrat) 188,268 1.9 -
Others ( less than 1% ) 559,909 5.5 -
Social Democratic Roma Party of Romania (Partida Romilor Social Democrată din România) 294,066 2.9 1
Democratic Forum of Germans of Romania (Forumul Democrat al Germanilor din România) 1
Union of Armenians of Romania (Uniunea Armenilor din România) 1
Association of Italians of Romania (Asociaţia Italienilor din România) 1
Bulgarian Union of the Banat - Romania (Uniunea Bulgară din Banat - România) 1
Greek Union of Romania (Uniunea Elenă din România) 1
Federation of Jewish Communities of Romania (Federaţia Comunităţilor Evreieşti din România) 1
Lipovenian Russian Community of Romania (Comunitatea Ruşilor Lipoveni din România) 1
Union of Croatians of Romania (Uniunea Croaţilor din România) 1
League of Albanians of Romania (Liga Albanezilor din România) 1
Democratic Union of Turco-Islamic Tatars of Romania (Uniunea Democrată a Tătarilor Turco-Musulmani din România) 1
Union of Ukrainians of Romania (Uniunea Ucrainienilor din România) 1
Union of Slavonic Macedonians of Romania (Asociaţia Macedonenilor Slavi din România) 1
Union of Serbs of Romania (Uniunea Sârbilor din România) 1
Cultural Union of Ruthenians of Romania (Uniunea Culturală a Rutenilor din România) 1
Turkish Democratic Union of Romania (Uniunea Democrată Turcă din România) 1
Democratic Union of Slovaks and Czechs in Romania (Uniunea Democratică a Slovacilor şi Cehilor din România) 1
Union of Poles of Romania Dom Polski (Uniunea Polonezilor din România 'Dom Polski') 1
Total (turnout 56.5%) 10,146,460 100 332
Source: Biroul Electoral Central

Aftermath[edit]

On 13 December, the PUR president Dan Voiculescu hinted that they have more in common with the DA (both have a center-right orientation) and that they might break from the PSD, but one day later said that he would remain with PSD. It has been suggested by the press that this could be result of a blackmail about his communist past. By 25 December both UDMR and PUR signed a protocol of alliance with DA (Justice and Truth), with the designated prime minister being Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu. Thus, the PSD was left in opposition while Justice and Truth, the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania and the Humanist Party (now the Conservative Party) formed the government.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1616 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7

External links[edit]