Romanians in Italy

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Romanians in Italy became a notable presence mostly after 1999, due to a large wave of emigration known in Romania as Fenomenul către UE. 80% of the emigrants went to Spain or Italy, whose national languages are related to Romanian. They were followed by a further wave beginning in 2002, when Romanian citizens obtained the right to leave their country and go to any Schengen Zone country without having a visa. As of 1 January 2013, there were 1.071.342 Romanian citizens living in Italy, representing one fifth of all foreign citizens in that country and roughly 1.75% of the total Italian population.[1]

On 4 November 2007, Italy started expelling Romanians with criminal records, after a wave of violent crimes of which swelling numbers of Romani immigrants from Romania were held responsible.[2] Roma are a large historical ethnical minority in Romania (over 600,000 people, 3.3% of the population) and they make up 6% of Romanians in Italy too.[3][4]

Cities with significant Romanian communities[edit]

Romanian market in Monza in 2011

Based on Demo Istat statistics

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ 1_milione_di_romeni_in_italia, 2013-03-23, retrieved 2014-05-18 
  2. ^ "Italy starts deporting Romanians", BBC News, 2007-11-05, retrieved 2009-12-09 
  3. ^ Ciobanu, Claudia (16 May 2008). "EUROPE: Home to Roma, And No Place for Them". Inter Press Service. Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Roma in Romania