Romanians in Italy

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Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
2001 74,885 (cens.) —    
2011 823,100 (cens.)[1] —    
2012 933,354[2]
(additional 150,021 Moldovans)[3]
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Romanians in Italy became a notable presence mostly after 1999, due to a large wave of emigration known in Romania as Fenomenul către UE. 80% of the emigrants went to Spain or Italy, whose national languages are related to Romanian. They were followed by a further wave beginning in 2002, when Romanian citizens obtained the right to leave their country and go to any Schengen Zone country without having a visa. Template:As of 2013, there were 823,100 Romanian citizens living in Italy, representing 20.5% of all foreign citizens in that country and roughly 1.35% of the total Italian population.[4]

On 4 November 2007, Italy started expelling Romanians with criminal records, after a wave of violent crimes of which swelling numbers of Romani immigrants from Romania were held responsible.[5] Roma are a large historical ethnical minority in Romania (over 600,000 people, 3.3% of the population) and they make up 6% of Romanians in Italy too.[6][7]

Romanian market in Monza in 2011

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ [1] Istituto Nazionale di Statistica: Gli stranieri al 15° Censimento della popolazione - Dec 23 2013
  2. ^ "Cittadini Stranieri. Popolazione residente per sesso e cittadinanza al 31 Dicembre 2012 Italia - Tutti i Paesi". 
  3. ^ [2] Non-EU citizens legally residing Jan 2014
  4. ^ Gli stranieri al 15° Censimento della popolazione (PDF), 2013-12-31, retrieved 2014-11-05 
  5. ^ "Italy starts deporting Romanians", BBC News, 2007-11-05, retrieved 2009-12-09 
  6. ^ Ciobanu, Claudia (16 May 2008). "EUROPE: Home to Roma, And No Place for Them". Inter Press Service. Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  7. ^ Roma in Romania