Romanians in Italy

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Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
2001 74,885 (cens.) —    
2011 823,100 (cens.)[1] —    
2012 834,465 (est.) —    
2013 823,100[2] —    
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Romanians in Italy became a notable presence mostly after 1999, due to a large wave of emigration known in Romania as Fenomenul către UE. 80% of the emigrants went to Spain or Italy, whose national languages are related to Romanian. They were followed by a further wave beginning in 2002, when Romanian citizens obtained the right to leave their country and go to any Schengen Zone country without having a visa. Template:As of 2013, there were 823,100 Romanian citizens living in Italy, representing 20.5% of all foreign citizens in that country and roughly 1.35% of the total Italian population.[3]

On 4 November 2007, Italy started expelling Romanians with criminal records, after a wave of violent crimes of which swelling numbers of Romani immigrants from Romania were held responsible.[4] Roma are a large historical ethnical minority in Romania (over 600,000 people, 3.3% of the population) and they make up 6% of Romanians in Italy too.[5][6]

Cities with significant Romanian communities[edit]

Romanian market in Monza in 2011

Based on Demo Istat statistics

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ [1] Istituto Nazionale di Statistica: Gli stranieri al 15° Censimento della popolazione - Dec 23 2013
  2. ^ Demo Istat Dec 31 2013
  3. ^ Gli stranieri al 15° Censimento della popolazione, 2013-12-31, retrieved 2014-11-05 
  4. ^ "Italy starts deporting Romanians", BBC News, 2007-11-05, retrieved 2009-12-09 
  5. ^ Ciobanu, Claudia (16 May 2008). "EUROPE: Home to Roma, And No Place for Them". Inter Press Service. Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Roma in Romania