||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (December 2008)|
Saint-Maurice church in Romans
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Guy Girodon|
|Area1||21.8 km2 (8.4 sq mi)|
|• Density||27/km2 (69/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||01328 / 01400|
|Elevation||227–280 m (745–919 ft)
(avg. 265 m or 869 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The village is located between Bresse and the Dombes. The river Renon is passing through the commune from the south-east to the north-west. The other rivers in the area are the Irance in the east of the commune and the Chalaronne forming part of the commune's south-western border.
The land of Romans became in 917 the property of Cluny Abbey, when it was given by Ingelberge, wife of William I, Duke of Aquitaine who founded Cluny Abbey and the daughter of King Boso of Provence.
Romans was attached the lordship of Varax until it was definitively separated when Étienne de Varax son of Henri Varax the third, married Claudine de Saint Amour in 1396, and created the lordship of Romans.
On 4 March 1718, Claude de Lyobard de Brion, Lord of Romans, sold the land of Romans to Claude César Ferrary, squire and King's Counsellor. Romans was transformed in an earldom named Romans-Ferrari in December 1763 thanks to Etienne-Lambert 1714-1766 (son of Claude César). The last earl of Romans-Ferrari was Charles de Romans-Ferrari his descendant born in Romans the 16th of December 1861 deceased the 27th of June 1912 in Commercy.
- Saint-Maurice Church : Romanesque 12th-century church. The belltower has been reconstructed between 1856 and 1858.
- The 15th century castle modified in the 19th century. It was the property of the Lords of Romans, and from 1763 the property of the Earls of Romans-Ferrari. Now the castle hosts a medical-care home.
- (French)Topographie historique du département de l'Ain, Marie-Claude Guigue, 1873, pages 324-325
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