Romans, Ain

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Romans
Romans (Ain).JPG
Romans is located in France
Romans
Romans
Coordinates: 46°07′00″N 5°02′00″E / 46.1167°N 5.0333°E / 46.1167; 5.0333Coordinates: 46°07′00″N 5°02′00″E / 46.1167°N 5.0333°E / 46.1167; 5.0333
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Ain
Arrondissement Bourg-en-Bresse
Canton Châtillon-sur-Chalaronne
Intercommunality Chalaronne-centre
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Guy Girodon
Area
 • Land1 21.8 km2 (8.4 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 581
 • Population2 density 27/km2 (69/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 01328 / 01400
Elevation 227–280 m (745–919 ft)
(avg. 265 m or 869 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Romans is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.

Geography[edit]

The village is located between Bresse and the Dombes. The river Renon is passing through the commune from the south-east to the north-west. The other rivers in the area are the Irance in the east of the commune and the Chalaronne forming part of the commune's south-western border.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 381 —    
1800 121 −68.2%
1806 226 +86.8%
1821 515 +127.9%
1831 498 −3.3%
1836 503 +1.0%
1841 583 +15.9%
1846 536 −8.1%
1851 570 +6.3%
1856 551 −3.3%
1861 562 +2.0%
1866 609 +8.4%
1872 585 −3.9%
1876 573 −2.1%
1881 598 +4.4%
1886 610 +2.0%
1891 622 +2.0%
1896 600 −3.5%
1901 603 +0.5%
1906 594 −1.5%
1911 546 −8.1%
1921 530 −2.9%
1926 520 −1.9%
1931 500 −3.8%
1936 475 −5.0%
1946 521 +9.7%
1954 391 −25.0%
1962 353 −9.7%
1968 367 +4.0%
1975 346 −5.7%
1982 351 +1.4%
1990 480 +36.8%
1999 522 +8.7%
2008 581 +11.3%

History[edit]

The Casle of Romans

Early History[edit]

The land of Romans became in 917 the property of Cluny Abbey, when it was given by Ingelberge, wife of William I, Duke of Aquitaine who founded Cluny Abbey and the daughter of King Boso of Provence.[1]

Romans was attached the lordship of Varax until it was definitively separated when Étienne de Varax son of Henri Varax the third, married Claudine de Saint Amour in 1396, and created the lordship of Romans.[1]

Recent History[edit]

On 4 March 1718, Claude de Lyobard de Brion, Lord of Romans, sold the land of Romans to Claude César Ferrary, squire and King's Councellor.[1] Romans was transformed in an earldom named Romans-Ferrari in December 1763 thanks to Etienne-Lambert 1714-1766 (son of Claude César).[1] The last earl of Romans-Ferrari was Charles de Romans-Ferrari his descendant born in Romans the 16th of December 1861 deceased the 27th of June 1912 in Commercy.

Main sights[edit]

  • Saint-Maurice Church : Romanesque 12th-century church. The belltower has been reconstructed between 1856 and 1858.
  • The 15th Century castle modified in 19th Century. It was the property of the Lords of Romans, and from 1763 the property of the Earls of Romans-Ferrari. Now the castle hosts a medical-care home.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (French)Topographie historique du département de l'Ain, Marie-Claude Guigue, 1873, pages 324-325

External links[edit]