Romblomanon language

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Romblomanon
Native to Philippines
Region Romblon province (entire Romblon and Sibuyan islands; some parts of Tablas except Banton, Corcuera, Maestro de Ocampo and San Jose)
Native speakers
94,000  (2011)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 rol
Glottolog romb1245[2]
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Area where Romblomanon is spoken

Romblomanon is a Visayan language spoken, along with the Asi and Onhan languages, in the province of Romblon in the Philippines. The language is also called Ini, Tiyad Ini, Basi, Niromblon, Sibuyanon, and Bisaya.

Specifically, it is spoken in the following islands on Romblon:

Sounds[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Phonology[edit]

Grammar[edit]

Pronouns[edit]

Personal[edit]

  Absolutive Ergative Oblique
1st person singular ako nakon, ko akon
2nd person singular ikaw, ka nimo, mo imo
3rd person singular siya niya iya
1st person plural inclusive kita naton aton
1st person plural exclusive kami namon amon
2nd person plural kamo nindo indo
3rd person plural sinda ninda inda

Demonstrative pronouns[edit]

  Absolutive Ergative/Oblique Locative Existential
Nearest to speaker (this, here) * iní tiyadní dirí (y)ári
Near to addressee or closely removed from speaker and addressee (that, there) inâ tiyadnâ dirâ (y)ára'
Remote (yon, yonder) adtó tiyadtó didtó (y)á(d)to

In addition to this, there are two verbal deictics, karí, meaning come to speaker, and kadto, meaning to go yonder.

Enclitic Particles[edit]

Existential[edit]

Interrogative Words[edit]

Romblomanon English Example
Ano What Ano imo pangayan? "What is your name?"
San-o When San-o ka makadto sa Romblon? "When are you going to Romblon?"
Diin Where Diin ka pa-kadto? "Where are you going"
Sin-o Who Sin-o ang imo ka-ibahan? "Who is your companion?"
Kamusta How Kamusta ka? "How are you?"
Pa-unó How (a derivative of ano) Pa-unó ka maka halin? "How can you go?"
Pila How much / How many Pila ini? "How much is this?" / Pila ka tawo ang yara? "How many people are there?"

Examples[edit]

Loan Words[edit]

Numbers[edit]

Number Romblomanon
1 Isá
2 Duhá
3 Tuyo
4 Upat
5 Limá
6 Onum
7 Pitó
8 Wayó
9 Siyám
10 Púyô
100 Gatús
1000 Libó
First Una
Second Ika-duhá
Third Ika-tuyo
Fourth Ika-upat
Fifth Ika-limá
Sixth Ika-onum
Seventh Ika-pitó
Eighth Ika-wayó
Ninth Ika-siyám
Tenth Ika-napúyô

Common Expressions[edit]

Romblomanon Tagalog English
Ambo Daga Rat
Aso Usok Smoke
Ayam Aso Dog
Ayaw mag pinisik Huwag kang malandi. Don't flirt
Babaye Babae Female
Bu-ang Baliw Crazy
Bukon/Indi Hindi No
Bulan Buwan Month
Bungoy Bingi Deaf
Buroy Bobo Dumb
Buta Bulag Blind
Buwas Bukas Tomorrow
Hadakon / Hambugon Mayabang Boastful
Hadlok Takot Afraid
Hamus na Tara na Let's go
Hangit ako sa imo Galit ako sayo I hate you
Higko Dumi Dirt
Hu-o Oo Yes
Ibabaw Itaas Up
Idayum Ilalim Down
Kabu-ot ka Mabait ka You are kind
Ka-guapa ka Maganda ka You are beautiful
Ka-guapo ka Gwapo ka You are manly
Kalag Kaluluwa Spirit
Kalaom Akala Assumption
Kanam Laro Play
Kwarta Pera Money
Layaki Lalaki Male
Maayo nga adlaw Magandang araw Good day
Maayo nga aga Magandang umaga Good morning
Maayo nga gabi-i Magandang gabi Good evening
Maayo nga hapon Magandang hapon Good afternoon
Mabinuligon Matulungin Helpful
Madamo nga salamat Maraming salamat Thanks a lot
Magdahan ka Mag ingat ka Take care
Mahuga Mahirap Difficult
Mahugod Masipag Industrious
Maisog Matapang Brave
Makusog Malakas Strong
Mala-in Masama Bad
Malipay Masaya Happy
Maluya Mabagal Slow
Manamit Masarap Delicious
Manang Ate Older sister
Manong Kuya Older brother
Mayad Matalino Intelligent
Merkado Palengke Market
O-ning Pusa Cat
Palangga Ta Gid Ikaw Mahal na mahal kita I love you so much
Palangga ta ikaw Mahal kita I love you
Pisikon Malandi Flirtatious
Pusong Sinungaling Liar
Semana Linggo Week
Sinsilyo Barya Coins
Subay Langgam Ant
Tubi Tubig Water
Tu-ig Taon Year
Tu-o Kanan Right
Waya Kaliwa Left
Yawa Demonyo Demon

References[edit]

  1. ^ Romblomanon at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Romblomanon". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.