Rome–Cassino–Naples railway

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The Rome–Cassino–Naples railway is a railway in Italy, the first of the three existing railway lines between the capitals of Latium and Campania to be opened when it was completed by the Società per le strade ferrate romane in 1863. The line is now fully electrified at 3 kV DC. It is now mainly used by regional trains, some trains to and from the Adriatic coast and a few night trains. The Rome–Naples high-speed railway line (which was largely opened on 19 December 2005) generally follows the same route.

0.00 Roma Termini
To Pescara and Naples (high-speed)
Florence and Florence (high-speed)
To Viterbo, Pisa, Fiumicino
2.00 Roma Casilina
To Naples via Formia
10.00 Roma Capannelle
Grande Raccordo AnulareEuropean route E80
14.00 Ciampino
To Velletri, Albano and Frascati
21.00 Tor Vergata
Autostrada A1European route E821
26.00 Colle Mattia
29.00 Colonna Galleria
Rome–Fiuggi–Alatri–Frosinone line (dismantled)
Rome–Naples high-speed line
Autostrada A1European route E45
Rome–Fiuggi–Alatri–Frosinone line (dismantled)
35,00 Zagarolo / Zagarolo scalo
43.00 Labico
46.00 Valmontone
Autostrada A1—European route E45
Rome–Naples high-speed line
Dismantled line from Velletri
54.00 Colleferro–Segni–Paliano
Rome–Naples high-speed line
63.00 AnagniFiuggi
Rome–Naples high-speed line
68.00 Sgurgola
Rome–Naples high-speed line
73.00 Morolo
Autostrada A1—European route E45
78.00 FerentinoSupino
86.00 Frosinone
Autostrada A1—European route E45
92.00 Ceccano
101.00 CastroPofiVallecorsa
Rome–Naples high-speed line
111.00 CepranoFalvaterra
113.00 IsolettaSan Giovanni[disambiguation needed]
Rome–Naples high-speed line)
From Avezzano
121.00 Roccasecca
125.00 Aquino–Castrocielo–Pontecorvo
129.00 Piedimonte–Aquino
132.00 Piedimonte–Villa Santa Lucia
138.00 Cassino
144.00 Fontanarosa–Cervaro
148.00 Rocca d'Evandro - San Vittore
Interconnection with high-speed line / To Isernia
155.00 Mignano Monte Lungo
163.00 Tora–Presenzano
170.00 Vairano–Caianello
From Isernia
177.00 Riardo–Pietramelara
Autostrada A1—European route E45
Rome–Naples high-speed line
182.55 Teano
Dismantled line from Gaeta
189.90 Sparanise
Rome–Naples high-speed line
195.70 Pignataro Maggiore
Interconnection with high-speed line
Volturno River
205.00 Capua
Caserta ring line
From Piedimonte Matese
210.00 Santa Maria Capua Vetere
Old Alifana line from Piedimonte Matese
Autostrada A1—European route E45
From Aversa
216.00 Caserta
To Foggia
222.00 Maddaloni Inferiore
Caserta ring line
Caserta ring line
MCNE from Benevento
234.00 Cancello
to Benevento / to Torre Annunziata
Autostrada A30European route E841
236.00 Acerra
Regi Lagni
239.00 Casalnuovo di Napoli
Naples–Nola–Baiano line
Casalnuovo
Autostrada A16European route E842
Naples–Nola–Baiano line
Autostrada A1—European route E45
Old Naples–Nola–Baiano line)
To Salerno
From Rome via Formia
Naples–Nola–Baiano line
To Salerno
Gianturco
Naples–Nola–Baiano line
250.00 Napoli Centrale / Napoli Piazza Garibaldi
to Villa Literno

History[edit]

The first part of the line to be opened was at the southern end, built by the Royal Neapolitan Railway Company and was opened between Naples, Cancello and Caserta on 20 December 1843 and was the second line opened in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies after the Naples–Portici line opened in 1839. It operated from a terminal at Napoli Porta Nolana, now used by the Circumvesuviana Railway. This line was extended to Capua on 26 May 1844. A branch line was opened from Cancello to Nola in 1846 and extended to Sarno in 1856.[1]

The northern part of the line was opened between a station at Porta Maggiore (southwest of the modern Termini station) and Ciampino on 14 July 1856 as part of the Rome–Frascati line by the Società Pio Latina ("Latin Pius Railway"), a French company named in honour of Pope Pius IX, who had overturned the Vatican's previous opposition to innovations such as railways in the Papal States. This line was extended to the new Roma Termini station on 22 October 1863.[2]

In 1860 the Società Pio Latina and the Società Pio Centrale—the builder of the Rome–Civitavecchia railway, opened in 1859—combined to form the Società per le strade ferrate romane ("Roman Railway Company"), which then absorbed the Royal Neapolitan Railway Company. It opened a 80 kilometres (50 mi) section from Roma Termini to CepranoFalvaterra (including the Porta Maggiore–Ciampino section) on 1 December 1862. The 42 kilometres (26 mi) Capua–ToraPresenzano section had been opened on 14 October 1861 and the final 52 kilometres (32 mi) section between Ceprano–Falvaterra and Tora–Presenzano was opened on 25 February 1863.[3][4]

Branches and connections[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kalla-Bishop, P. M. (1971). Italian Railways. Newton Abbott, Devon, England: David & Charles. pp. 16–19. 
  2. ^ Kalla-Bishop, P. M. (1971). Italian Railways. Newton Abbott, Devon, England: David & Charles. p. 28. 
  3. ^ Kalla-Bishop, P. M. (1971). Italian Railways. Newton Abbott, Devon, England: David & Charles. p. 38. 
  4. ^ "Chronological overview of the opening of railway lines from 1839 to 31 December 1926" (in Italian). Trenidicarta.it. Retrieved 17 January 2010. 

See also[edit]