Rome (department)

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Département de Rome
department of the First French Empire

1808–1814
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Rome
Administrative map of the Italian portion of the French Empire.
Capital Rome
41°54′N 12°30′E / 41.900°N 12.500°E / 41.900; 12.500Coordinates: 41°54′N 12°30′E / 41.900°N 12.500°E / 41.900; 12.500
History
 -  Annexion from the Papal States 1808
 -  Name changed from Tibre to Rome 17 February 1810
 -  Treaty of Paris 1814
Area
 -  1812[1] 3,676.6 km2 (1,420 sq mi)
Population
 -  1812[1] 586,000 
Density 159.4 /km2  (412.8 /sq mi)
Political subdivisions 6 Arrondissements[1]

Rome was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Italy. It was named after the city of Rome. It was formed in 1808, when the Papal States were annexed by France, and was known as the Département du Tibre (after the Tiber river) before being renamed in 1810. Following the conquest of the Eternal City, Napoleon gave his son the title of King of Rome.

The department was disbanded after the defeat of Napoleon in 1814. At the Congress of Vienna, the Papal States were restored to Pius VII. Its territory corresponds approximately to the modern Italian region of Lazio.

Subdivisions[edit]

The department was subdivided into the following arrondissements and cantons (situation in 1812):[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 459-460, accessed in Gallica 26 July 2013 (French)