Rome and Vienna airport attacks

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Rome and Vienna airport attacks
Rome airport 1985.jpg
Aftermath of a fast food restaurant in the Leonardo da Vinci International Airport after the attack
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Locations of the incidents in Rome, Italy and Vienna, Austria
Location Rome, Italy and Vienna, Austria
Date 27 December 1985
9:15 am (UTC+1)
Target Israeli targets in Leonardo da Vinci Airport (Rome) and Vienna International Airport (Vienna)
Attack type
direct assault on target; possibly attempted hijacking
Deaths 19 civilians; 4 terrorists
Non-fatal injuries
138 civilians; 1 terrorist shot and captured; 2 terrorists captured
Perpetrators Abu Nidal Organization claimed responsibility

The Rome and Vienna airport attacks were two major terrorist strikes carried out on 27 December 1985.

The attacks[edit]

At 08:15 GMT, four gunmen walked to the shared ticket counter for Israel's El Al Airlines and Trans World Airlines at Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport outside Rome, Italy, fired assault rifles, and threw grenades. They killed 16 and wounded 99 including American diplomat Wes Wessels before three of the attackers were killed, while the remaining one, Mohammed Sharam, was wounded and captured by the Italian police.

Minutes later, at Schwechat Airport (Vienna International Airport) in Vienna, Austria, three terrorists carried out a similar attack. Hand grenades were thrown into crowds of passengers queuing to check in for a flight to Tel Aviv, killing two people instantly and wounding 39 others. A third victim died on 22 January 1986, of hand grenade wounds sustained in the attack. After the attack, the terrorists fled by car, and Austrian police gave chase. They killed one terrorist and captured the other two.

In all, the two strikes killed 19, including a child, and wounded around 140. Some contemporary reports claimed the gunmen originally intended to hijack El Al jets at the airports and blow them up over Tel Aviv;[1] others concluded that the attack on waiting passengers was the original plan and that the Frankfurt airport was meant to be hit as well.[2]

Perpetrators[edit]

The attacks were first blamed on the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), but its leader, Yasser Arafat, denied the accusations and denounced the strikes. The PLO asserted that the attacks were intended to force Austria and Italy into severing ties with the Palestinians.[3]

Responsibility for the two attacks was later claimed by the Abu Nidal Organization (ANO) in retaliation for Operation Wooden Leg, the Israeli bombing of PLO headquarters in Tunis on 1 October 1985. Libya was accused of funding the terrorists who carried out the attacks; although they denied the charges, they did praise the assaults. According to published reports, sources close to Abu Nidal said Libyan intelligence supplied the weapons and the ANO's head of the Intelligence Directorate's Committee for Special Missions, Dr. Ghassan al-Ali, organized the attacks. Libya denied these charges as well, notwithstanding that it claimed they were "heroic operations carried out by the sons of the martyrs of Sabra and Shatila."[4]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.tkb.org/Incident.jsp?incID=4453[dead link]
  2. ^ Seale, Patrick. Abu Nidal: A Gun for Hire. Hutchinson, 1992, p. 244.
  3. ^ Seale, Patrick. Abu Nidal: A Gun for Hire. Hutchinson, 1992, p. 246.
  4. ^ Seale, Patrick. Abu Nidal: A Gun for Hire. Hutchinson, 1992, p. 245.