Romica Puceanu (Romani: Romika Puchanu; 1926–1996) was a Roma singer and interpreter of urban lăutărească music from Romania.
Puceneau started to sing professionally when she was 14, with the "Brothers Gore taraf", one of the most famous tarafuri of the time.
She was highly appreciated for her unique voice and for the sensibility of her singing, being compared to Billie Holiday and Cesária Évora.
Despite her professional success, she had an unhappy love life which led to some drinking problems, and also affected her voice in the later part of her life.
She was married to the accordionist Bebe Şerban (also known as "Bebe de la Petrichioaia" - "Bebe from Petrichioaia"). Cornelia Teişanu, her niece, is also a singer.
Romica Puceanu died as a result of a car accident in 1996.