|— census-designated place —|
|Riverside County and the state of California|
|• Total||2.644 sq mi (6.849 km2)|
|• Land||2.644 sq mi (6.849 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||1,444 ft (440 m)|
|• Density||640/sq mi ( 250/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1661327|
The city was named by Greek immigrant Romonio Homonicholai, who emigrated from Naxos in 1889 (nearby Homeland is also named for Homonicholai, although, with a slight spelling variation, it was named for his patronymic, not his given name). The Homonicholai family planted a vineyard in the town as well as orange groves, and was the first to manufacture sangria in California.
By 1905, cultivation of oranges and other agricultural produce had begun in the area, and Romoland and nearby Hemet entered in a dispute over which city would obtain a lucrative terminus for the Southern Pacific Railroad. To settle the dispute, city fathers agreed to have the mayors of the cities compete in a boxing match. "Battlin'" Dan Beecham of Hemet defeated Ronald Arcia of Romoland in a May 14, 1906 bout, and the railroad terminus was awarded to Hemet.
The original name of the town was Ethanac, the name of the train station. That name is a contraction of the name Ethan A. Chase, a local landowner and citrus magnate.
The town itself began in the 1890s planned by the Santa Fe Railroad. In the early 1900s, large numbers of traqueros or railroad workers from Mexico arrived to become a near dominant ethnic group. In the 1930 and 1940 Census reports, Romoland has one of the highest percentage of Mexicans in southern California. They created a community, shops, schools, recreation and churches that catered to a Spanish-speaking Mexican community.
Local myth has it that everyone in Romoland is of Mexican descent. But only 40% of the town and under half (46%) of the unincorporated area is Mexican American and/or Latino. Many persons are also of Central American and other Latino descent, perhaps those of Californio or Spanish-American descent whose ancestors were former Mexican citizens until the US annexed California in 1848.
The first blood oranges grown in the United States were cultivated in Romoland in the 1920s. In an attempt to build a larger market for the oranges, the Romoland Fruit Co. began in 1936 to market its blood oranges as "citrus tomatoes" on the idea that the word "blood" discouraged buyers. However, "citrus tomatoes" proved unsuccessful, and the Romoland Fruit Co. returned to marketing its oranges as "blood oranges" in 1937. Agriculture remains a big part of local life, but has increasingly became an exurban town in the Inland Empire.
During World War II, Romoland led the nation in the production of burlap sandbags used for field fortifications. In 1945, Adolf Berle visited Romoland and proclaimed it the sandbagging capital of America.
On October 1, 2008, a significant portion of Romoland became part of the City of Menifee.
Romoland has several horse ranches. In 2008 Anheuser-Busch InBev closed its ranch there where it raised most of the Budweiser Clydesdales and moved them to Warm Springs Ranch near Boonville, Missouri.
Romoland is located at (33.745783, -117.174228).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2), all of it land.
As of the 2000 census, according to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP had a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), all of it land.
However, the Romoland region includes the entire unincorporated area between Perris, Hemet, Lake Elsinore and Murrieta. The total population in the year 2008 may exceeded 100,000 residents in the 30-square-mile (78 km2) area, but carries the namesake of Romoland.
Other possible names that Romoland has been called are: Romonaland, Romola, Romola Farms, Little Rome and Little Mexico or Ethnica based on the community's racial diversity.
Rogersdale USA theme park, later closed due to lack of attendance, was based in Romoland.
The original name of the town was Ethanac, named after the name of the train station stop.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Romoland had a population of 1,684. The population density was 636.8 people per square mile (245.9/km²). The racial makeup of Romoland was 958 (56.9%) White, 65 (3.9%) African American, 8 (0.5%) Native American, 35 (2.1%) Asian, 12 (0.7%) Pacific Islander, 514 (30.5%) from other races, and 92 (5.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 865 persons (51.4%).
The Census reported that 1,684 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 455 households, out of which 232 (51.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 287 (63.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 46 (10.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 34 (7.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 27 (5.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 6 (1.3%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 61 households (13.4%) were made up of individuals and 14 (3.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.70. There were 367 families (80.7% of all households); the average family size was 4.07.
The population was spread out with 502 people (29.8%) under the age of 18, 221 people (13.1%) aged 18 to 24, 395 people (23.5%) aged 25 to 44, 434 people (25.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 132 people (7.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.0 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.7 males.
There were 512 housing units at an average density of 193.6 per square mile (74.8/km²), of which 351 (77.1%) were owner-occupied, and 104 (22.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.7%. 1,288 people (76.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 396 people (23.5%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,764 people, 785 households, and 620 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 926.4 people per square mile (358.1/km²). There were 867 housing units at an average density of 290.6 per square mile (112.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 54.1% White, 2.5% African American, 1.7% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 36.7% from other races, and 4.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 55.4% of the population.
There were 785 households out of which 43.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.5 and the average family size was 3.9.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 34.8% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 103.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.0 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $33,523, and the median income for a family was $37,574. Males had a median income of $23,850 versus $18,971 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $12,932. About 20.5% of families and 25.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.6% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature Romoland is located in the 37th Senate District, represented by Republican Bill Emmerson, and in the 65th Assembly District, represented by Republican Paul Cook. Federally, Romoland is located in California's 49th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +10 and is represented by Republican Darrell Issa.
- U.S. Census
- Temple, Robert D. Edge Effects: The Border-Name Places, (2nd edition, 2009), iUniverse, ISBN 978-0-595-47758-6, page 323.
- "Budweiser's Clydesdales now come clopping at a cost" USA Today, April 12, 2010 Web page accessed August 22, 2011
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10.