Romulea

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Romulea
Romulea bulbocodium 1.jpg
Romulea bulbocodium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Ixioideae
Tribe: Ixieae
Genus: Romulea
Maratti
Type species
Romulea bulbocodium
(L.) Sebastiani & Mauri
Synonyms[1]
  • Bulbocodium Gronov. 1755 not L. 1753 nor Ludw. ex Kuntze 1891
  • Bulbocodium Ludw. ex Kuntze 1891 not L. 1753 nor Gronov. 1755
  • Ilmu Adans.
  • Trichonema Ker Gawl.
  • Spatalanthus Sweet
Romulea requienii

Romulea is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family, first described as a genus in 1772. It is distributed in Europe, the Mediterranean, the Arabian Peninsula, and Africa.[1][2][3]

The genus name refers to the legendary founder of Rome, Romulus, and alludes to the abundance of one of the species in the Roman countryside.[2]

Species[1]
  1. Romulea albiflora J.C.Manning & Goldblatt - Cape Province of South Africa
  2. Romulea albomarginata M.P.de Vos - Ceres Koue Bokkeveld in Cape Province of South Africa
  3. Romulea antiatlantica Maire - Morocco
  4. Romulea aquatica G.J.Lewis - Cape Province of South Africa
  5. Romulea arnaudii Moret - southeastern France
  6. Romulea atranda G.J.Lewis - Cape Province of South Africa
  7. Romulea austinii E.Phillips - Cape Province of South Africa
  8. Romulea autumnalis L.Bolus - Cape Province of South Africa
  9. Romulea barkerae M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  10. Romulea biflora (Bég.) M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  11. Romulea bifrons Pau - Morocco
  12. Romulea bocchierii Frignani & Iiriti - Sardinia
  13. Romulea bulbocodium (L.) Sebast. & Mauri - Mediterranean region from Morocco + Portugal to Syria, Sudan
  14. Romulea camerooniana Baker - central + southern Africa north to Cameroon + Ethiopia
  15. Romulea cedarbergensis M.P.de Vos - Cedarberg in Cape Province of South Africa
  16. Romulea citrina Baker - Cape Province of South Africa
  17. Romulea clusiana (Lange) Nyman - Morocco, Algeria, Spain, Portugal
  18. Romulea collina J.C.Manning & Goldblatt - Hantamsberg in Cape Province of South Africa
  19. Romulea columnae Sebast. & Mauri - Mediterranean region from Morocco + Portugal to Syria, Great Britain, Canary Islands, Madeira, Azores
  20. Romulea congoensis Bég. - Rwanda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
  21. Romulea corsica Jord. & Fourr. - Corsica
  22. Romulea cruciata (Jacq.) Bég. - Cape Province of South Africa
  23. Romulea cyrenaica Bég. - Libya
  24. Romulea dichotoma (Thunb.) Baker - Cape Province of South Africa
  25. Romulea discifera J.C.Manning & Goldblatt - Cape Province of South Africa
  26. Romulea diversiformis M.P.de Vos - Sutherland in Cape Province of South Africa
  27. Romulea eburea J.C.Manning & Goldblatt - Roggeveld Escarpment in Cape Province of South Africa
  28. Romulea eburnea J.C.Manning & Goldblatt - Cape Province of South Africa
  29. Romulea elliptica M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  30. Romulea englerii Bég. - Morocco
  31. Romulea eximia M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  32. Romulea fibrosa M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  33. Romulea fischeri Pax - Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Somalia, Eritrea, Socotra, Yemen, Saudi Arabia
  34. Romulea flava (Lam.) M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa; natrualized in Australia
  35. Romulea flexuosa Klatt - Cape Province of South Africa
  36. Romulea florentii Moret - southeastern France
  37. Romulea gigantea Bég. - Cape Province of South Africa
  38. Romulea gracillima Baker - Cape Province of South Africa
  39. Romulea hallii M.P.de Vos - Roggeveld Escarpment in Cape Province of South Africa
  40. Romulea hantamensis (Diels) Goldblatt - Hantamsberg in Cape Province of South Africa
  41. Romulea hirsuta (Steud. ex Klatt) Baker - Cape Province of South Africa
  42. Romulea hirta'' Schltr. - Cape Province of South Africa
  43. Romulea jugicola M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  44. Romulea kamisensis M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  45. Romulea komsbergensis M.P.de Vos - Roggeveld Escarpment in Cape Province of South Africa
  46. Romulea leipoldtii Marais - Cape Province of South Africa
  47. Romulea ligustica Parl. - Corsica, Sardinia, Veneto, Liguria, Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
  48. Romulea lilacina J.C.Manning & Goldblatt - Cape Province of South Africa
  49. Romulea × limbarae Bég. - Sardinia (R. ligustica × R. requienii)
  50. Romulea linaresii Parl. - Sicily, Greece, Turkey, Tunisia
  51. Romulea longipes Schltr. - Cape Province of South Africa
  52. Romulea lutea J.C.Manning & Goldblatt - Cape Province of South Africa
  53. Romulea luteiflora (M.P.de Vos) M.P.de Vos - Cape Province, Lesotho
  54. Romulea macowanii Baker - Cape Province, Free State, Lesotho
  55. Romulea maculata J.C.Manning & Goldblatt - Cape Province of South Africa
  56. Romulea malaniae M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  57. Romulea maroccana Bég. - Morocco
  58. Romulea melitensis Bég. - Malta, Gozo
  59. Romulea membranacea M.P.de Vos - near Middelpos in Cape Province of South Africa
  60. Romulea minutiflora Klatt - Cape Province; naturalized in Australia
  61. Romulea monadelpha (Sweet ex Steud.) Baker - Cape Province of South Africa
  62. Romulea montana Schltr. ex Bég. - Cape Province of South Africa
  63. Romulea monticola M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  64. Romulea multifida M.P.de Vos - Roggeveld Escarpment in Cape Province of South Africa
  65. Romulea multisulcata M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  66. Romulea namaquensis M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  67. Romulea nivalis (Boiss. & Kotschy) Klatt - Mount Hermon in Syria + Lebanon
  68. Romulea numidica Jord. & Fourr. - Morocco, Algeria
  69. Romulea obscura Klatt - Cape Province; naturalized in Australia
  70. Romulea papyracea Wolley-Dod - Cape Province but extinct
  71. Romulea pearsonii M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  72. Romulea penzigii Bég. - Algeria
  73. Romulea petraea Al-Eisawi - Jordan
  74. Romulea phoenicia Mouterde - Lebanon, Syria, Jordan
  75. Romulea pilosa Goldblatt & J.C.Manning - Cape Province of South Africa
  76. Romulea pratensis M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  77. Romulea pudica (Sol. ex Ker Gawl.) Baker - Bokkeveld in Cape Province of South Africa
  78. Romulea quartzicola Goldblatt & J.C.Manning - Cape Province of South Africa
  79. Romulea ramiflora Ten. - Mediterranean from Morocco + Portugal to Turkey
  80. Romulea requienii Parl. - Corsica, Sardinia
  81. Romulea revelieri Jord. & Fourr. - Corsica, several small Italian islands in the Tyrrhenean Sea
  82. Romulea rosea (L.) Eckl. - Cape Province; naturalized in France, Chile, Australia, California, St. Helena, Tristan da Cunha
  83. Romulea rupestris J.C.Manning & Goldblatt - Cape Province of South Africa
  84. Romulea sabulosa Schltr. ex Bég. - Cape Province of South Africa
  85. Romulea saldanhensis M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  86. Romulea sanguinalis M.P.de Vos - Bokkeveld in Cape Province of South Africa
  87. Romulea saxatilis M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  88. Romulea schlechteri Bég. - Cape Province of South Africa
  89. Romulea setifolia N.E.Br. - Cape Province of South Africa
  90. Romulea singularis J.C.Manning & Goldblatt - Cape Province of South Africa
  91. Romulea sinispinosensis M.P.de Vos - Doringbaai in Cape Province of South Africa
  92. Romulea sladenii M.P.de Vos - Gifberg Plateau in Cape Province of South Africa
  93. Romulea speciosa (Ker Gawl.) Baker - Cape Province of South Africa
  94. Romulea sphaerocarpa M.P.de Vos - Great Karoo in Cape Province of South Africa
  95. Romulea stellata M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  96. Romulea sulphurea Bég - Cape Province but extinct
  97. Romulea subfistulosa M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  98. Romulea syringodeoflora M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  99. Romulea tabularis Eckl. ex Bég. - Cape Province of South Africa
  100. Romulea tempskyana Freyn - Cyprus, Turkey, Greek Islands, Israel, Palestine
  101. Romulea tetragona M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  102. Romulea tortilis Baker - Cape Province of South Africa
  103. Romulea tortuosa (Licht. ex Roem. & Schult.) Baker - Cape Province of South Africa
  104. Romulea toximontana M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  105. Romulea triflora (Burm.f.) N.E.Br. - Cape Province of South Africa
  106. Romulea tubulosa J.C.Manning & Goldblatt - Cape Province of South Africa
  107. Romulea unifolia M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  108. Romulea vaillantii Quézel - Algeria
  109. Romulea villaretii Dobignard - Morocco
  110. Romulea vinacea M.P.de Vos - Pakhuis Pass in Cape Province of South Africa
  111. Romulea viridibracteata M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa
  112. Romulea vlokii M.P.de Vos - Cape Province of South Africa

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ a b Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 91–93. ISBN 0-88192-897-6. 
  3. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Romulea includes photos plus European distribution maps