Romy Schneider, September 1965
|Born||Rosemarie Magdalena Albach
23 September 1938
|Died||29 May 1982
|Partner(s)||Alain Delon (1959–1963)|
Romy Schneider (23 September 1938 – 29 May 1982) was an Austrian-born film actress who held German and French citizenship. She started her career in the German Heimatfilm genre in the early 1950s when she was 15. From 1955 to 1957 she played the central character of Empress Elisabeth of Austria in the Austrian Sissi trilogy. In 1958 she met Alain Delon and they became engaged; Schneider moved to France where she made successful and critically acclaimed films with some of the most notable film directors of that era. Her engagement to Delon ended in 1963 and Schneider subsequently married twice. The son from her first marriage died in an accident in 1981 when he was 14. In May 1982, aged 43, Schneider was found dead in her Paris apartment.
Schneider was born Rosemarie Magdalena Albach in Nazi-era Vienna, six months after the Anschluss, into a family of actors that included her paternal grandmother Rosa Albach-Retty, her Austrian father Wolf Albach-Retty and her German mother Magda Schneider. After her parents' divorce in 1945, Magda took charge of Romy and her brother Wolfi, eventually supervising the young girl's career, often appearing alongside her daughter. Her career was also overseen by her stepfather, Hans Herbert Blatzheim, a noted restaurateur who Schneider indicated had an unhealthy interest in her.
Romy Schneider's first film, made when she was 15, was Wenn der weiße Flieder wieder blüht (When the White Lilacs Bloom Again) in 1953, credited as Romy Schneider-Albach. In 1954, Schneider for the first time portrayed a royal, playing a young Queen Victoria in the Austrian film Mädchenjahre einer Königin (known in the U.S. as The Story of Vickie and in Britain as Victoria in Dover). Schneider's breakthrough came with her portrayal of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, in the romantic biopic Sissi (1955) and its two sequels, Sissi – The Young Empress (1956) and Sissi – Fateful Years of an Empress (1957), all with Karlheinz Böhm, who became a close friend. Less stereotypical films during this busy period include Robinson soll nicht sterben (The Legend of Robinson Crusoe, 1957), working with a young Horst Buchholz, and Monpti (1957), directed by Helmut Käutner, again with Buchholz.
Schneider soon starred in Christine (1958), a remake of Max Ophüls's 1933 film Liebelei (itself based upon a play by Arthur Schnitzler and starring her mother Magda Schneider). It was during the filming of Christine that Schneider fell in love with French actor Alain Delon, who co-starred in the movie. She left Germany to join him in Paris and they announced their engagement in 1959.
Schneider decided to live and to work in France, slowly gaining the interest of film directors such as Orson Welles for The Trial (1962), based upon Franz Kafka's The Trial and was introduced by Delon to Luchino Visconti.
Under Visconti's direction, she gave performances in the Théâtre Moderne as Annabella (and Delon as Giovanni) in John Ford's stage play 'Tis Pity She's a Whore (1961) and in the film Boccaccio '70 (segment: "The Job"). In 1962 Schneider played Anna in Sacha Pitoëff's production of Chekhov's play The Seagull, also at the Théâtre Moderne. A brief stint in Hollywood included an appearance in Good Neighbor Sam (1964) a comedy with Jack Lemmon, while What's New Pussycat? (1965), although American financed, was shot in and around Paris. Schneider co-starred with Peter O'Toole, Peter Sellers and Woody Allen; the film was made from his first screenplay.
Schneider and Delon decided to split up in 1963 although they remained close lifelong friends. They continued to work together in such films as La Piscine (The Swimming Pool, 1968), which revitalized her career, and The Assassination of Trotsky (1972).
Schneider continued to work in France during the 1970s, most notably with director Claude Sautet on five films. Their first collaboration, The Things of Life (Les choses de la vie, 1970) with Michel Piccoli, was a great success and made Schneider an icon in France. The three colleagues teamed up again for the noir thriller Max et les Ferrailleurs (Max and the Junkmen, 1971), and she appeared with Yves Montand in Sautet's César et Rosalie (1972). Schneider portrayed Elisabeth of Austria again in Ludwig (1972), Visconti's film about the life of King Ludwig II of Bavaria. This time she played the Empress as a much more complex, mature, even bitter woman. "Sissi sticks to me just like oatmeal", Schneider once said.
Other successes from this period included Le Train (1973), where she played a German-Jewish refugee in World War 2, Claude Chabrol's thriller Innocents with Dirty Hands (Les innocents aux mains sales, 1975) with Rod Steiger, and Le vieux fusil (1975). The gritty That Most Important Thing: Love (L'important c'est d'aimer, 1974) garnered her first César Award (France's equivalent of the Oscar), a feat she repeated five years later, in her last collaboration with Sautet, for A Simple Story (Une histoire simple, 1978).
On 30 October 1974, Schneider created one of the most memorable moments on German television. She was the second guest on Dietmar Schönherr's talk show Je später der Abend (The Later the Evening) when she, after a rather terse interview, remarked passionately to the last guest, bank robber and author Burkhard Driest: "Sie gefallen mir. Sie gefallen mir sehr." (I like you. I like you a lot.)
She also acted in Le Trio infernal (1974) with Michel Piccoli, and in Garde à vue (1981) with Michel Serrault and Lino Ventura. An unpleasant incident occurred during this period with leading German film director Rainer Werner Fassbinder who wanted her to play the lead in his film The Marriage of Maria Braun (1979). Negotiations broke down when he called Schneider a "dumb cow", to which Schneider responded by declaring she would never work with such a "beast". Fassbinder cast Hanna Schygulla instead, reviving his professional association with an actress to whom he had also been offensive.
Schneider starred in Bertrand Tavernier's Death Watch (La mort en direct, 1980) playing a dying woman whose last days are watched on national television via a camera implanted in the brain of a journalist (Harvey Keitel). It is based on David G. Compton's novel, Her last film was La Passante du Sans-Souci (The Passerby, 1982).
Personal life and death
In July 1966, following the end of her relationship with Delon, Schneider married German director and actor Harry Meyen (1924–1979). The couple had a son, David Christopher (3 December 1966 – 5 July 1981) but later divorced. Meyen committed suicide in Hamburg, Germany in 1979. In 1975, Schneider married Daniel Biasini, her private secretary; they separated in 1981. Their daughter Sarah Magdalena (born 21 July 1977) is now an actress.
David, her son, died at the age of 14 after attempting to climb the spiked fence at his stepfather's parents' home, but punctured his femoral artery in the process. Schneider began drinking alcohol excessively after the death of David. When she was found dead in her apartment in Paris on 29 May 1982, it was suggested that she had committed suicide by taking a lethal cocktail of alcohol and sleeping pills. After another post-mortem examination was carried out, authorities declared that she had died from cardiac arrest. Her tombstone at Boissy-sans-Avoir in the Canton of Montfort-l'Amaury bears the name Rosemarie Albach. Shortly afterwards, Alain Delon arranged for David to be buried in the same grave.
The French journalist Eugène Moineau initiated in 1984 the Prix Romy Schneider; this prize—the most prestigious award for promising actresses in the French film industry—is awarded by a jury each year in Paris in conjunction with the Prix Patrick Dewaere (formerly the Prix Jean Gabin). In 1990, the Austrian newspaper Kurier created the Romy TV Award in honour of Schneider. In 2003, she was voted 78th on the list of the greatest Germans in the German TV programme Unsere Besten (the German version of 100 Greatest Britons)—the second highest ranked actress (Marlene Dietrich was 50th) on that list. Until 2002, the Austrian Federal Railways InterCity service IC 535 from Wien Südbahnhof to Graz was named "Romy Schneider".
A movie about Schneider's life, titled Eine Frau wie Romy/Une femme comme Romy (A Woman Like Romy) was planned by Warner Bros. for 2009; Schneider's role was going to be played by Yvonne Catterfeld. The project was cancelled in July 2009. A musical about Schneider, Romy – Die Welt aus Gold (Romy – The Golden World) was premiered in 2009 at the Theater Heilbronn. In November 2009 the ARD broadcast the feature film Romy (de) with Jessica Schwarz in the title role.
- L'Enfer remained unfinished in 1964; it was released as L' Enfer de Henri-Georges Clouzot in 2009 by Serge Bromberg.
- Bambi: 1957 nominated for Sissi
- Bravo Otto
- 1957: Bronze
- 1958: Gold
- 1959: Silver
- 1971: Silver
- 1972: Bronze
- 1977: Bronze
- Étoile de Cristal (fr): 1963 as Best Foreign Actress for The Trial
- Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama: 1963 nominated for The Cardinal
- César Award for Best Actress
- Deutscher Filmpreis Best Actress: 1977 for Group Portrait with Lady
- Premio David di Donatello: 1979 Lifetime Achievement
- 2008: Honorary César
Awards named after Romy Schneider
- "Biography" (in French). pipole.net. Archived from the original on 30 October 2007. Retrieved 28 October 2007. "Romy témoignant par la suite de l’intérêt malsain qu’il lui portait."
- "Biography and career" (in Dutch). SeniorPlaza.nl. Retrieved 28 October 2007. "waarvan Romy later aangaf dat hij een ongezonde belangstelling voor haar had"
- Surkus, Andrea. "Auch das noch – Alice Schwarzer entdeckt Romy Schneider als Frauensymbol" (in German). Süddeutsche Zeitung. Retrieved 28 October 2007. "und will mit ihr schlafen"
- Gretter, Susanne. "Biography" (in German & French). FemBio Frauen-Biographieforschung e.V. Retrieved 28 October 2007. "Il a clairement proposé de coucher avec moi."
- Leinkauf, Thomas (19 September 1998). "Der Liebling der Machos" (in German). Berliner Zeitung. Retrieved 28 October 2007. "Blatzheim in ihrer Jugend mit ihr schlafen wollte."
- "Romy Schneider – Bilder einer Ikone" (in German). Compress VerlagsgesmbH & Co KG. Retrieved 19 December 2007. "Sissi pappt an mir wie Griesbrei"
- "Und retten kann uns nur Heinz Schenk" (in German). Stern. 9 August 2007. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- Beier, Lars-Olav (23 May 2007). "Die Berührbare" (in German). Der Spiegel. Retrieved 14 February 2008.
- Je später der Abend: Burkhard Driest and Romy Schneider on YouTube, (October 1974, 29 seconds) (German)
- Derek Malcolm "Rainer Werner Fassbinder: The Marriage of Maria Braun", The Guardian, 28 January 1999. Retrieved 2 March 2009.
- Delon, Alain (11 June 1982). "Adieu ma puppelé". Paris Match (in French) (#1724). Retrieved 24 September 2009.
- "Neues Kursbuch" by Thomas Pröglhöf, 23 November 2002 (German)
- "Question on Notice", Austrian Department for Traffic, Innovation and Technology, 31 December 2002 (German)
- Romy Schneider (Train) (Italian)
- Sander, Daniel (12 February 2008). "Ein Soap-Sternchen gibt den Weltstar". Der Spiegel (in German). Retrieved 14 February 2008.
- "Ich hatte eine Gänsehaut". Süddeutsche Zeitung. 12 February 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- "Catterfeld sagt Projekt ab", Focus, 27 July 2009 (German)
- Romy – Die Welt aus Gold (German)
- Romy – the movie at Südwestrundfunk (German)
- Hans-Jürgen Tast: Romy Schneider – Ein Leben auf Titelseiten Schellerten 2008, ISBN 978-3-88842-036-8.
- Michael Töteberg: Romy Schneider, Rowohlt Verlag 2009, ISBN 978-3-499-50669-7
Media related to Romy Schneider at Wikimedia Commons