Ronald Wesley Taylor (December 13, 1937 in Toronto, Canada) is a former professional baseball player. He was a pitcher over parts of 11 seasons (1962–1972) with the Cleveland Indians, St. Louis Cardinals, Houston Astros, New York Mets and San Diego Padres. Taylor was a member of two World Series-winning teams: the 1964 St. Louis Cardinals and the 1969 New York Mets. For his career he compiled a 45–43 record with a 3.93 earned run average and 464 strikeouts in 491 appearances, mostly as a relief pitcher.
Taylor did not allow a single hit during his seven innings pitched in four World Series relief appearances.
After his playing career ended, Taylor entered medical school to become a doctor. Taylor, a Toronto native, returned to baseball as the team physician of the Toronto Blue Jays.