Ronald Gray

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Ronald Gray
Ronald Adrin Gray.png
Mugshot
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1984 - 1988 (Dishonorable discharge)
Rank Specialist, reduced to Private E-1
Unit XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery

Ronald Adrin Gray (born 1966) is an American spree killer whose convictions include four counts of murder, one count of attempted murder and eight counts of rape.[1] His crimes were committed when he was in the United States Army, stationed at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.[2] He was tried and convicted by military courts, and was sentenced to be put to death. His execution by lethal injection would be the first performed by the United States military since the execution of John A. Bennett for rape and attempted murder in 1961. On November 26, 2008, a federal judge issued a stay of execution stopping the planned December 10 execution. On January 26, 2012, the Army Court of Criminal Appeals denied relief in Gray's case. Gray's lawyers plan to appeal to the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.[3]

Early life[edit]

Gray was born in Cochran, Georgia,[4] but grew up in Liberty City, a public housing project in Miami, Florida.[1] He enlisted at age 18 in 1984, and was assigned to the Target Acquisition Battery, 1-39 Field Artillery Battalion. At the time of his arrest, he was stationed at Fort Bragg, near Fayetteville, North Carolina, where he was a cook assigned to 3rd Battalion, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division.[5] He held the rank of specialist (E-4).

During his court-martial, his mother Lizzie Hurd[4] and sister testified that he had been abused by his stepfather as a child. Colonel David Armitage, a military forensic psychiatrist, also testified that in Gray's early life, he had experienced:

fairly substantial socioeconomic deprivation, multiple male figures in the home, multiple physical moves, living in substandard poverty conditions, [and] circumstances where the electric lights were turned out by the electric company because bills were not paid. He had a step-parent [stepfather] at one time who was extremely abusive to his mother and abusive to himself [Gray], using belts on him to the point of inflicting injury, drawing blood.[6]

Gray's crimes[edit]

On December 15, 1986, Gray abducted, raped, sodomized, and murdered Private Laura Lee Vickery-Clay, age 18. On January 3, 1987, he raped and attempted to murder Private Mary Ann Lang Nameth, age 20. Three days later, on January 6, he raped, sodomized, robbed, and murdered a civilian, Kimberly Ann Ruggles, age 23.[7]

The first victim, Vickery-Clay, disappeared from Fort Bragg on December 15, 1986. Two witnesses saw her at a local K-Mart with a man later identified as Gray. Vickery-Clay's car, found the next morning a block from her home, appeared to have been driven through the woods, and the driver's seat was set back farther than necessary for Vickery-Clay to drive. Three of Gray's fingerprints were found on the hood of the car. On January 17, 1987, a soldier discovered Vickery-Clay's half-naked, decomposed body in the woods in Fort Bragg. She had been raped, sodomized, and shot in the neck, forehead, chest, and back of the head. She had also suffered blunt force trauma to various parts of her body. The murder weapon, a .22 caliber pistol that Gray had stolen in November 1986, was found 60 feet from the victim's body.[7]

On January 3, 1987, Gray entered the barracks room of Private Mary Ann Lang Nameth under the pretense of needing to use the bathroom. Once inside, Gray grabbed Nameth, held a knife to her throat, and asked for her military field gear. Gray tied Nameth's hands behind her back, removed her underclothing, and raped her. Gray then stabbed her repeatedly in the neck and on the side of her body, and threatened to return and kill her if she screamed. Nameth suffered a lacerated trachea and a collapsed lung, but survived. When Gray's photograph appeared in the news following his arrest for another crime, Nameth identified him as her assailant.[7]

On the evening of January 6, 1987, Kimberly Ann Ruggles, a local cab driver, was dispatched to pick up a passenger named "Ron" at Gray's address. In the early morning hours of January 7, military police officers on routine patrol discovered Ruggles' empty cab parked at the edge of the woods. Her nude body was discovered a short distance away. She had been raped, sodomized, beaten, and stabbed seven times. Ruggles' mouth was gagged with a cloth belt that matched a pair of black karate pants other police officers had found in Gray's possession hours earlier. Gray's fingerprints were on the interior door handle of Ruggles' taxi, and Ruggles' fingerprints were found on money in Gray's possession. Gray's footprints were also found at the scene of the crime.[7]

Arrest, trial, conviction and sentence[edit]

On August 7, 1987, Gray was charged with two counts of murder (Ruggles and Vickery-Clay) and two counts of attempted murder on a military reservation.

On November 5, 1987, Gray pleaded guilty in Cumberland County Superior Court to 22 felonies: two counts of second degree murder, two counts of first degree burglary, five counts of first degree rape, five counts of first degree sexual offense, attempted first degree rape, three counts of second degree kidnapping, two counts of robbery with a dangerous weapon, assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill, and inflicting serious injury. He was sentenced to three consecutive and five concurrent terms of life imprisonment for those crimes.

Gray was also tried by a military court. The general court-martial lasted from December 1987 until April 1988 and was composed of commissioned and enlisted soldiers at Fort Bragg. Gray was convicted of 14 charges, including the premeditated murders of Ruggles and Vickery-Clay, the attempted premeditated murder of Lang Nameth, three rapes, two robberies, and two counts of forcible sodomy. On April 12, 1988, he was unanimously sentenced to death. He was additionally sentenced to a Dishonorable Discharge, total Asset forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and reduction in rank to Private E-1. On July 29, 1988, the Commanding General of the 82nd Airborne Division approved the sentence.[6] Gray was 22 at the time of his sentencing.

Gray remained on death row at the U.S. Disciplinary Barracks, at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. As a member of the United States Armed Forces Gray cannot be executed until the president approves the death sentence. On July 28, 2008, President George W. Bush approved Gray's execution, making Gray the first service member sentenced to death since 1957.[2] One month later, Army Secretary Pete Geren set the execution date as December 10, 2008, and ordered that Gray be put to death by lethal injection at the Federal Correctional Complex in Terre Haute, Indiana. The military released the news of Gray's execution date on November 20, 2008. Army personnel will be responsible for conducting the execution, based on an agreement with the Federal Bureau of Prisons.[8]

Appeals[edit]

Immediately following Gray's court-martial, the records of the trial were forwarded to Defense Appellate Division and received by them on August 8, 1988. Counsel filed initial pleadings with the Court of Military Review on September 15, 1989. On February 13, 1990, that court ordered a sanity board, which, on June 30, 1990, found that Gray was responsible at the time of the offenses and that he was competent to understand his trial and the present appellate proceedings. On July 20, 1990, the Government Appellate Division answered Gray’s assignment of errors.[6]

On December 27, 1990, Gray filed a motion with the Court of Military Review requesting that court to order the Government to provide $15,000 for an expert psychiatrist, a death penalty qualified attorney, and an investigator. Oral arguments were heard on the motion in January 1991. On March 12, 1991, the Court of Military Review denied the motion. Gray renewed his request for a psychiatrist and an investigator on August 7, 1991, but the Court of Military Review denied it on August 23, 1991. On September 12, 1991, Gray filed a writ-appeal petition requesting that this Court order the Government to provide $10,000 and an emergency stay of the proceedings before the Court of Military Review. On October 18, 1991, this Court denied the writ-appeal petition and the stay application.[6]

On December 16, 1991, Gray filed a motion with the Court of Military Review requesting that court to order additional medical and psychological tests be performed by military authorities. On December 31, 1991, that court granted Gray’s request and ordered a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan of the brain; a 20-channel scalp electrode, sleep-deprived EEG; and a SPECT scan of his brain, as well as intellectual, psychological, academic, psychological, and personality tests. On February 18, 1992, a report based on these tests was completed by Captain Fred H. Brown, Jr., Ph.D., a clinical psychologist from Womack Army Medical Center at Fort Bragg. Brown stated in an affidavit filed with the appellate court that Gray was sane at the time of the offenses and during the proceedings. On March 9, 1992, counsel filed a petition for new trial based on newly discovered evidence of lack of mental responsibility.[6]

On February 26, 1992, Gray filed a supplementary assignment of errors, to which the Government responded on March 27, 1992. On April 8, 1992, the Court of Military Review heard oral arguments, and on December 15, 1992, denied the petition for a new trial and affirmed the findings and sentence. On December 30, 1992, Gray filed a motion renewing his request for funds for an expert investigator and a behavioral neurologist. Gray filed a petition for reconsideration of this decision on January 4, 1993. The Court of Military Review heard oral arguments on the motion for funding on January 21, 1993, and denied the motion for funding and the petition for reconsideration on January 22, 1993. On February 11, 1993, Gray filed a motion and suggestion for reconsideration by the court sitting en banc of the denial of funding, and a motion and suggestion for reconsideration by the court sitting en banc of the decision of December 15, 1992. On March 11, 1993, the court denied both motions and the suggestions for reconsideration en banc, but granted a motion allowing Gray to file a supplemental assignment of errors (XXVIII-LVI). The Government answered this assignment of errors on April 12, 1993. On June 9, 1993, the Court of Military Review again affirmed the findings and sentence. Gray filed a motion for reconsideration on June 28, 1993, which the court denied on June 30, 1993.[6]

With Gray's sentence affirmed by the President and the warrant issued by the Secretary of the Army, execution was scheduled for December 10, 2008.[8] Army spokesman Lt. Col. George Wright said on November 20 (the date when the execution date was announced) that Gray had two legal options remaining: filing a petition with a federal appellate court to stay the execution, or requesting that the president reconsider approval of the execution.[8] On November 26, 2008, a federal judge granted Gray a stay of execution to allow time for further appeals.[9] On January 26, 2012, the U.S. Army Court of Criminal Appeals denied relief. [10] As of September 2013, no further action has been announced by the Army.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Barrett, Barbara (July 28, 2008). "Bush approves execution of soldier, first in 50 years". McClatchy. Archived from the original on January 7, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Times Online (July 29, 2008). "Bush approves execution of American soldier Ronald Gray". Times Online. Archived from the original on January 7, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2010. 
  3. ^ http://www.fayobserver.com/articles/2012/02/10/1156372?sac=fo.local
  4. ^ a b United Press International (April 7, 1988), Georgia soldier convicted of two murders 
  5. ^ Cuningham, Henry (July 30, 2008). "Army: Gray execution months away". The Fayetteville Observer. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Sullivan, J. (May 28, 1999). "U.S. v. Gray". United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces. Archived from the original on January 7, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c d Underwood, Barbara D. "No. 00-607: Gray v. United States - Opposition". US Department of Justice. Archived from the original on January 7, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2010. 
  8. ^ a b c Associated Press (November 20, 2008). "Military sets date for first execution since 1961". msnbc. Archived from the original on January 7, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2010. 
  9. ^ King, Tim (December 2, 2008). "First Military Execution in 50 Years Delayed". Salem-News.com. Archived from the original on January 7, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2010. 
  10. ^ Sullivan, Dwight (April 18, 2012). "CAAF denies Gray writ appeal". CAAFlog.com. Retrieved September 16, 2013.