Ronald Desruelles (born 14 February 1955 in Antwerp) is a retired Belgian athlete. He started as a long jumper, and achieved a personal best of 8.08 in 1979, a national record that stood for 17 years. He then concentrated on the short sprints, and won numerous medals in 60 metres. With 6.57 seconds in 1986 he was ranked third on the indoor top performers list that season.  However he lost a gold medal at the 1980 European Indoor Championships because of a doping offense.
Desruelles won the Belgian 100 metres championships 7 times. He also won the 200 in 1985. In the 1986 European championships in Stuttgart he reached the 100 m semi-final. His brother Patrick Desruelles competed in the men's pole vault.