Ronald Johnson (poet)
Ronald Johnson (November 25, 1935 – March 4, 1998) was an American poet. He was born in Ashland, Kansas, graduated from Columbia University and lived in New York in the late fifties, wandered around Appalachia and Britain for a number of years, then settled in San Francisco for the next twenty-five years before returning to Kansas, where he died.
Life and work
Johnson’s book-length poem RADI OS (Sand Dollar Press, 1977) is an early and influential example of erasure poetry. It was written by blacking out words in a copy of John Milton’s Paradise Lost. Johnson rewrote the first four books of Milton’s poem in this way, producing a new text in which the few remaining words float in the white page space left by the absent words. Although Johnson apparently considered RADI OS to be a section of his long poem ARK, it was not included in any edition of that poem. It was, however, reprinted by Flood Editions in 2005.
Johnson's major book is the long poem ARK, which he began in 1970 and which took him twenty years to write. It is a poem following in the tradition of the "American epic", a heritage once described as "that strange, amorphous, anomalous, self-contradictory thing". This mythology of an ambitious and protean epic project--- grand in creation and design--- beginning (arguably) with Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass was continued into the 20th-century by Ezra Pound's The Cantos, Louis Zukofsky's "A", William Carlos Williams' Paterson, Charles Olson's The Maximus Poems, Robert Duncan's Passages, Gertrude Stein's Stanzas in Meditation, and H.D.'s Helen in Egypt. Like these works, Johnson's ARK was written over long stretches of time, becoming a lifetime "preoccupation" and "the poem of a life".
Johnson was also a well-regarded author of cookbooks, including "The Aficionado's Southwestern Cooking" (1985) and "The American Table" (1984).
Johnson's last book, The Shrubberies, was published in 2001 and, according to the critic Stephen Burt, "showed a poet no less spiritual than the author of ARK but also one given to extreme concision." Soon after ARK was returned to print in a new edition, Burt would contribute an extended appreciation of Johnson's magnum opus to the pages of The New Yorker
- A Line of Poetry, A Row of Trees (Highlands, NC: Jargon Press, 1964)
- Valley of the Many-Colored Grasses. (New York: W. W. Norton, 1969)
- RADI OS I-IV. (Berkeley: Sand Dollar Press, 1977)
- To Do As Adam Did: Selected Poems of Ronald Johnson, edited with an introduction by Peter O'Leary. (Talisman House, Jersey City, 2000)
- ARK, (Flood Editions, 2013)
- Guide to the Ronald Johnson Collection, University of Kansas Libraries  and Gauquelin Book of American Charts (birth data collection based on birth certificates), quoted by Astrodatabank 
- Macdonald, Travis. "A Brief History of Erasure Poetics". Jacket 38. Jacket. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- "Biography" by Eric Murphy Selinger from The Dictionary of Literary Biography
- Pearce, Roy Harvey. The Continuity of American Poetry. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1961
- "The New Thing". Retrieved 2010-07-14.
- most poems republished as the first section of Valley of the Many-Colored Grasses (1969)
- The Book of the Green Man Johnson's first published book of poems, available here on-line from "Light & Dust"
- the arches: A Ronald Johnson site Site devoted to Johnson, with biography, bibliography, interview, and select poems
- Height of Spring 1999 An essay Jonathan Williams (a poet and publisher central to 20th century poetry in America) wrote on Johnson in 1999. Williams was a mentor to, lover and publisher of, the poet. Johnson's work The Book of the Green Man came out of their walking tour of England.
- Ronald Johnson Papers housed at the Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas
- Ronald Johnson Page at Poetry Foundation