Rondônia (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁõˈdõniɐ]) is a state in Brazil, located in the north-western part of the country. To the west is a short border with the state of Acre, to the north is the state of Amazonas, in the east is Mato Grosso, and in the south is Bolivia. Its capital is Porto Velho. The state was named after Candido Rondon.
Rondonia was originally home to over 200,000 km2 of rainforest, but has become one of the most deforested places in the Amazon. By 2003 around 70,000 km2 of rainforest had been cleared.
Wet tropical forests are the most species-rich biome, and tropical forests in the Americas are consistently more species rich than the wet forests in Africa and Asia.
The area around the Guaporé River is part of the Beni savanna ecoregion.
The Samuel Dam is located in the state, on the Jamari River.
According to the IBGE of 2008, there were 1,519,000 people residing in the state. The population density was 6.6 inh./km². Urbanization: 66.8% (2004); Population growth: 2.2% (1991-2000); Houses: 430,747 (2005).
The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 832,000 Brown (Multiracial) people (54.81%), 546,000 White people (35.95%), 115,000 Black people (7.56%), 16,000 Asian people (1.08%), 8,000 Amerindian people (0.53%).
Major cities 
||Rolim de Moura
||Ouro Preto do Oeste
||Alta Floresta d'Oeste
||São Miguel do Guaporé
Native Brazilians 
Indigenous Territories in Rondônia.
As of 2011Indigenous Territories in Rondônia, with two more in process of being demarcated. The largest of these, the Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau Indigenous Territory, covers over 1.8 million hectares. Another, the Rio Omerê Indigenous Territory, is home to the Kanoê and Akuntsu people. Both tribes were the victims of massacres by cattle ranchers in the 1970s and 1980s and currently number just four and five individuals respectively.
there were 21
The service sector provides the largest portion of GDP at 54.1%, followed by the industrial sector at 30.6%. Agriculture represents 15.3% of GDP (2004). Rondônia exports: wood 83.6%, coffee 8.7%, granite 3.2%, frozen meat 3.1% (2002).
Share of the Brazilian economy: 0.7% (2005).
Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum.
The four-day period before Lent leading up to Ash Wednesday is carnival time in Brazil. Rich and poor alike forget their worries as they party in the streets.
Agricultural event in Porto Velho.
Museum of Estrada de Ferro Madeira-Mamoré.
Teatro Municipal, on Joaquim Nabuco Avenue (Downtown) and Teatro Uirassu Rodrigues, on José Bonifácio street.
International Airport 
Porto Velho/Governador Jorge Teixeira de Oliveira International Airport.
Belmonte Airport is located in the state capital of Porto Velho.
Cai n'Água Port is connecting Porto Velho to Humaitá, Manicoré and Manaus.
External links 
Coordinates: 10°54′S 62°46′W / 10.90°S 62.76°W