Rondônia

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State of Rondônia
State
Flag of State of Rondônia
Flag
Coat of arms of State of Rondônia
Coat of arms
Location of State of Rondônia in Brazil
Location of State of Rondônia in Brazil
Country  Brazil
Capital and Largest City Porto Velho
Government
 • Governor Confúcio Moura
 • Vice Governor Airton Gurgacz
Area
 • Total 237,576.16 km2 (91,728.67 sq mi)
Area rank 13th
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 1,590,011
 • Rank 23rd
 • Density 6.7/km2 (17/sq mi)
 • Density rank 19th
Demonym Rondoniano or Rondoniense
GDP
 • Year 2006 estimate
 • Total R$ 13,110,000,000 (22nd)
 • Per capita R$ 8,391 (15th)
HDI
 • Year 2010
 • Category 0.690 – medium (15th)
Time zone BRT-1 (UTC-4)
Postal Code 76800-000 to 76999-000
ISO 3166 code BR-RO
Website rondonia.ro.gov.br

Rondônia (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁõˈdõniɐ][2]) is a state in Brazil, located in the north-western part of the country. To the west is a short border with the state of Acre, to the north is the state of Amazonas, in the east is Mato Grosso, and in the south is Bolivia. Its capital is Porto Velho. The state was named after Candido Rondon.

Geography[edit]

Rondonia was originally home to over 200,000 km2 of rainforest, but has become one of the most deforested places in the Amazon. By 2003 around 70,000 km2 of rainforest had been cleared.[3]

The area around the Guaporé River is part of the Beni savanna ecoregion.[4]

The Samuel Dam is located in the state, on the Jamari River.[5]

Demographics[edit]

According to the IBGE of 2008, there were 1,519,000 people residing in the state. The population density was 6.6 inh./km². Urbanization: 66.8% (2004); Population growth: 2.2% (1991-2000); Houses: 430,747 (2005).[6]

The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 832,000 Brown (Multiracial) people (54.81%), 546,000 White people (35.95%), 115,000 Black people (7.56%), 16,000 Asian people (1.08%), 8,000 Amerindian people (0.53%).[7]

Major cities[edit]

Rank City Population
1 Porto Velho 426.558
2 Ji-Paraná 117,707
3 Ariquemes 90,581
4 Cacoal 78,263
5 Vilhena 78,405

Native Brazilians[edit]

Indigenous Territories in Rondônia.

As of 2011 there were 21 Indigenous Territories in Rondônia, with two more in process of being demarcated.[8] The largest of these, the Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau Indigenous Territory, covers over 1.8 million hectares.[9] Another, the Rio Omerê Indigenous Territory, is home to the Kanoê and Akuntsu people. Both tribes were the victims of massacres by cattle ranchers in the 1970s and 1980s and currently number just four and five individuals respectively.[10][11]

Education[edit]

Federal University of Rondônia in Porto Velho.

Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum.

Carnival[edit]

House of Culture Ivan Marrocos, in Porto Velho.

The four-day period before Lent leading up to Ash Wednesday is carnival time in Brazil.

Expovel[edit]

Agricultural event in Porto Velho.

Museum[edit]

Museum of Estrada de Ferro Madeira-Mamoré.

Theatre[edit]

Teatro Municipal, on Joaquim Nabuco Avenue (Downtown) and Teatro Uirassu Rodrigues, on José Bonifácio street.

Infrastructure[edit]

International Airport[edit]

Porto Velho/Governador Jorge Teixeira de Oliveira International Airport.

Belmonte Airport is located in the state capital of Porto Velho.[12]

Port[edit]

Cai n'Água Port is connecting Porto Velho to Humaitá, Manicoré and Manaus.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ibge.gov
  2. ^ In Brazilian Portuguese. The European Portuguese pronunciation is [ʁõˈdoniɐ].
  3. ^ "Amazon Deforestation". Earth Observatory. NASA. Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Robin Sears and Robert Langstroth. "Central South America: Northern Bolivia". Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas and Shrublands. WWF. Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  5. ^ "Changes Over Time: Samuel Dam, Rondonia, Brazil". Land Remote Sensing Program. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 14 March 2013. [dead link]
  6. ^ Source: PNAD.
  7. ^ (PDF) (in Portuguese). Rondônia, Brazil: IBGE. 2008. ISBN 85-240-3919-1 http://www.sidra.ibge.gov.br/bda/tabela/listabl.asp?z=pnad&o=3&i=P&c=262. Retrieved 2010-01-18.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "Terras Indígenas: Pesquisa por Estado: Rondônia". Povos Indígenas no Brasil (in Portuguese). Instituto Socioambiental (ISA). Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  9. ^ "Caracterização Terra Indígena Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau". Povos Indígenas no Brasil (in Portuguese). Instituo Socioambiental (ISA). Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  10. ^ Instituto Socioambiental (ISA). "Introduction > Akuntsu". Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  11. ^ Instituto Socioambiental (ISA). "Introduction > Kanoê". Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 
  12. ^ "Porto Velho, Belmonte (PVH) information". theAirDB. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 10°54′S 62°46′W / 10.90°S 62.76°W / -10.90; -62.76