A rook rifle is an English single-shot dropping block or break-action small calibre rifle for shooting rooks and rabbits, developed in 1883 by the gun-makers Holland & Holland. The original rifle was .295 bore, with an 80 grain bullet, but slightly larger bores of .300 and .320 were also made at the time.
Because such shy game would scatter immediately after a shot, there was no disadvantage to a single-shot action. Rook rifles remained single-shot, rather than magazine loaded, until they disappeared after World War II.
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